Road Rules: Teaching Your Teen to Be a Good Driver
Teen drivers have the highest accident and fatality rates of any age group. If you're the parent of a young driver, you can help protect your teen by learning about the problem and taking steps to decrease your teenager's risk of injuries in a car crash.
Teens face an increased risk of car accidents for many reasons:
Lack of experience and judgment; According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 16-year-old drivers are five times more likely to have an accident than 18-year-old drivers.
Overestimating their driving abilities
Speeding and driving too fast for traffic and weather conditions
Drinking and driving
Not wearing a seat belt
Inattention, often caused by other young people in the car; With two or more passengers, the fatal crash risk for 16- to 19-year-old drivers is more than five times greater than it is when they're driving alone, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
Doing a lot of night driving
Talking on a cell phone while driving
Texting while driving
Make sure you and your teen wear seat belts at all times. Nearly three-quarters of 15- to 20-year-olds who die in vehicle crashes aren't wearing seat belts.
Draw the line on drinking
Set a zero-tolerance rule about drinking and driving, with strict punishments attached.
Give your teen lots of time to practice. Once your teen has a learning permit, drive with him or her as often as you can and in all possible driving conditions. Some states require a licensed driver accompany the teenager for the first six months.
Before setting out, plan the route and discuss it with your teen. Begin with 15- to 20-minute sessions and gradually increase the time to an hour. Give positive feedback. Give specific instructions.
Have a time limit
Set a curfew time for night driving. More than 60 percent of teen motor-vehicle deaths occur between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m.
Hit the books
Have the teen take a defensive-driving course. Such classes go beyond basic "driver's ed" and provide invaluable skills.
Be a good driver yourself
Because teens usually learn to drive from their parents, be sure you're teaching them good technical driving skills, respect for other drivers, and good judgment.
They should pay
Have your teen pay for some or all of the insurance, car payment, gas, and maintenance. Teens who contribute are more likely to drive responsibly.
Minimize the teenager's distractions
Don't let a teen drive while using a cell phone, eating, or playing loud music.
Choose your teenager's car with care
Avoid sports cars with performance images, and small or older cars that offer little crash protection. Instead, look for a mid-sized or full-sized vehicle with a sedate image and a smaller motor.
- Nelson, Gail A., MS, APRN, BC
- newMentor board-certified, academically affiliated clinician