MDMA Drug Screen (Urine)
Does this test have other names?
MDMA urine screening test
What is this test?
This is a urine test to screen for MDMA, the abbreviation for methylenedioxymethamphetamine (METH-ill-eh-NED-ee-oh-METH-am-FEH-tuh-meen), a street drug also called Ecstasy. It's a popular drug at raves, dance clubs, and high school parties. Street names for MDMA include E, XTC, Adam, clarity, Stacy, lover's speed, and essence. MDMA comes in capsules or tablets, but can also be crushed and snorted or smoked as a powder.
MDMA makes the user feel euphoria, emotional warmth and empathy, and a sense of closeness and intimacy. It also releases sexual inhibitions. At typical doses, side effects include nausea, agitation, rapid heartbeat, and high blood pressure. In rare cases, it can bring on life-threatening increases in blood pressure and heart rate. It can also lead to seizures; delirium; dehydration; hyperthermia, or dangerously elevated body temperature; and death.
The hallucinogenic effects of MDMA usually last three to five hours. But the drug can be detected in your urine for longer than that, especially if you are a regular user. This test shows if you have used MDMA in the last one to three days by detecting it in your urine.
Drug abuse is a common problem at many workplaces, schools, and sports organizations. It's so widespread that some employers regularly require testing when you apply for a job. Some athletic associations, courts, and drug abuse treatment centers also require drug testing.
Why do I need this test?
An employer may require job applicants to take this test. Athletes in professional and amateur sports are usually tested for drug use, as are people who have gone to rehab centers to overcome addiction.
Emergency rooms often do a drug test if you're injured or unconscious, or a victim of date rape, or the medical staff suspects that you have overdosed.
What other tests might I have along with this test?
Especially in the case of a suspected drug overdose, your doctor may order other tests, including:
People with very high levels of this drug in their system may also have tests to find out if it's causing other problems in your body. These include:
Serum electrolytes and serum osmolality tests to measure chemicals in your blood
Myoglobin, found in the urine
Serum aminotransferase concentrations
Blood-clotting and other coagulation tests, such as activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, international normalized ratio, platelet count, and D-dimer
What do my test results mean?
Some drug tests are very sensitive and show a positive result even if you have only a small amount of MDMA in your body. It's possible to get a false-positive, which means the test result is positive even if you do not use MDMA. Talk with your health care provider about whether the prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs you take could cause a false-positive test result.
If your test results are uncertain, your doctor may order a more sensitive test for MDMA. All results from a screening test should be confirmed by a certified laboratory.
How is the test done?
This test requires a urine sample for a laboratory to test for MDMA.
Does this test pose any risks?
This test poses no risk.
What might affect my test results?
Certain prescription and OTC drugs, such as pseudoephedrine or a Vicks inhaler, may also give a positive test result. Tell your provider if you are taking or using anything that could affect your results.
One disadvantage to urine drug tests is that people have found ways to cheat the test. So their test shows a negative result that should be positive because of drug use. Another disadvantage is that surveillance to prevent cheating is intrusive. Some testers insist on being present while people provide a urine sample, which can be embarrassing.
How do I get ready for this test?
You don't have to prepare for this test.
- Sohrabi, Farrokh, MD
- Stock, Christopher J, PharmD