Traumatic Brain Injury Research
Goals & Description
The overarching goal of our laboratory is to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with traumatic brain injury.
To accomplish this goal we rely on a translational approach: both clinical and basic studies are used to identify and solve relevant research questions that might lead to improved diagnosis and therapeutics for this disease. Relevant questions are identified through studies of large numbers of human patients and examined in detail in animal models. Mechanistic insights gleaned through this approach may then allow for novel therapeutics that can then be developed for clinical trials.
Our clinical research infrastructure includes the emergency departments of the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) and 5 other major medical centers in upstate New York (totaling 300,000 patients per year), the URMC Burn Trauma ICU, and undergraduate athletes from the University of Rochester and Rochester Institute of Technology. Clinical studies are coordinated by the division of Emergency Medicine Research located in the URMC Clinical and Translational Science Institute in the Saunders Research Building.
Our basic science research infrastructure consists of state of the art bench research facilities within the Center for Neural Development and Disease located in the URMC Medical Research Building. This lab is equipped with a temperature controlled ultra-centrifuge, microcentrifuge, -80C and -20C freezers, orbital shaker, vortexer, full set up to run western blots and DNA gels. Shared equipment includes pH meters, chemical, cell culture and biosafety hoods, cold rooms, a fully equipped dark room (with developer), confocal microscope set up, plate reader for ELISAs, DNA gel imager, 2D gel equipment and imagers, and a full set up (instruments, rooms) for the small animal surgery.
Check out THINKS (Traumatic Head injury Network for Kids in Sports) a social network group with the purpose of bringing people together concerned with the increasing incidence of head injuries in children's sports.
Use of the BrainScope EEG for the Identification and Prognostication of Emergency Department Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury
The objective of this study is to build a database of EEG data collected from patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) presenting to the ED. This data will be collected for hypothesis generating analysis. This data will be utilized to test the utility of BrainScope as an objective marker of patients diagnosed with TBI defined by CT findings and/or neurocognitive testing. Intercalation of the BrainScope device into the management of the ED MTBI patient has the potential to provide an objective measure for patients destined for post-concussive syndrome and to provide a screening tool that may delineate those patients requiring neuroimaging.
BrainScope Ahead® Technology (B-AHEAD II Trial)
This is a multisite, prospective, non-randomized trial for the validation of the BrainScope Ahead® M-100 in support of an FDA marketing application. Patients suspected of a traumatically induced brain injury and non-head injured controls undergo standard clinical assessments, neurocognitive evaluation, and electrophysiological assessment with the Ahead® M-100. The goal of this trial is to validate the safety and effectiveness of the BrainScope Ahead® M-100 system when used to aid in the triage of patients who are suspected of a traumatically induced structural brain injury.
Evaluation of Biomarkers of Mild, Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (ALERT):
This prospective, open label, multi-center FDA clinical trial will evaluate the utility of the Banyan Biomarkers Test in TBI detection. Development of valid biomarkers for TBI will have a major impact on diagnosis, management and treatment of brain injured patients. The test is to be used, in conjunction with standard clinical assessment, as an aid in the diagnosis of traumatic brain injury.
Defining the Unique Serum Proteome of Mild Brain Trauma
The goal of this project is to identify proteins unique to axonal injury after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) among collegiate athletes using proteomic analysis of serum. In identifying proteins that are present in the blood after brain injury the potential for the development of an objective diagnostic test for concussions exists. The eventual goal is to develop a diagnostic test that would predict outcome after mild brain trauma. In this study, outcome will be determined by the change in cognitive performance post injury compared to pre injury.
New Interdisciplinary Approach to Improve Diagnosis of TBI: Combining Physics with Medical Imaging
This study will validate the wild bootstrapping approach to DTI image analysis by quantitative correlation with helmet impact forces acquired from football players at the University of Rochester.
Changes in Brain White Matter after Multiple Sub-Concussive Head Blows
In order to prevent sub-concussive head blows from causing neurologic harm to contact sport athletes in the future, this study is designed to examine the impact forces associated with brain injury, white matter changes on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), the individual-level determinants of recovery from brain injury, and the effect of rest on recovery from brain injury.
A Novel Tool for Field Assessment of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
The aim of this research project is to test the use of DETECT, a novel platform for immediate post-injury neuropsychological assessment, in concert with marketed biomechanical helmet sensor technology, to improve the screening and management of potential concussion injuries, and to provide a more robust definition of head impact exposure tolerances.
Babcock L, Byczkowski T, Wade SL, Ho M, MS, Bazarian JJ. Inability of S100B to Predict Post-Concussion Syndrome in Children who Present to the Emergency Department with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Brief Report . Pediatr Emerg Care. 2013 Apr;29(4):458-61. PMCID: PMC3623559
Marchi N, Bazarian JJ, Puvenna V, Janigro M, Ghosh C, Zhong J, Zhu T, Blackman E, Stewart D, Ellis J, Butler R, Janigro D. Consequences of repeated blood-brain barrier disruption in football players. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e56805. Epub 2013 Mar 6. PMCID: PMC3590196
Bazarian, J. J., K. Donnelly, D. R. Peterson, G. C. Warner, T. Zhu and J. Zhong (2013). "The relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury acquired during Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom." J Head Trauma Rehabil 28(1): 1-12.
Babcock, L., T. Byczkowski, S. L. Wade, M. Ho, S. Mookerjee and J. J. Bazarian (2013). "Predicting postconcussion syndrome after mild traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents who present to the emergency department." JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Feb;167(2):156-61. PMID: 23247384 .
Blyth B, Farahvar A, He H, Nayak A, Yang C, Shaw G, Bazarian JJ. "Elevated Serum Ubiquitin Carboxy-terminal Hydrolase L1 is Associated with Abnormal Blood Brain Barrier Function after Traumatic Brain Injury" Journal of Neurotrauma. 2011;28:2453-62.
|NIH/NICHD||K24||Validation of Putative Serum of Axonal Damage After Mild TBI.|
|NFL||Foundation||Grant to examine changes in brain white matter after multiple sub-concussive head blows.|
|University of Rochester Provost's Multidisciplinary Award||Foundation||New Interdisciplinary Approach to Improve Diagnosis of TBI: Combining Physics with medical Imaging.|
|BrainScope Company, Inc.||Industry||Use of the BrainScope EEG for the identification and prognostication of ED patients with TBI.|
|BrainScope Company, Inc.||Industry||
Assessment of Head Injury in the ED: Clinical Validation of the BrainScope Ahead M-100 (B-AHEAD II Trial)
A prospective evaluation of biomarkers of mild, moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (ALERT)