Russell Hilf, Ph.D.

Russell Hilf, Ph.D.

Contact Information

University of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
601 Elmwood Ave, Box 712
Rochester, NY 14642

Office: (585) 275-3085
Fax: (585) 275-6007

Research Bio

Hormone action is mediated by specific cell receptors, resulting in a variety of metabolic responses and/or growth. A number of hormones are implicated in the etiology and growth of mammary cancer. Our studies are directed towards elucidation of the roles of estrogens and antiestrogens, insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFS) as regulators of neoplastic growth. By utilizing well characterized rodent models, in vivo and in vitro, experiments are designed to gain understanding of these regulatory actions.



Mechanism of action of estrogens and antiestrogens is being studied by defining the nucleotide requirements for binding of estrogen and antiestrogen activated estrogen receptor with their DNA regulatory element (ERE) and by transfection assays. Estrogen response depends on the expression level of one or both estrogen receptor (ER) isoforms, alpha and beta, and the concentration and type of ER-ligands. Our goal is to understand how these factors contribute to the level of induction characteristic of a particular gene. We have now established that insulin affects tumor growth and regulation, both directly and in a permissive role. We have examined insulin and estrogen receptors, how they are regulated by hormones and how such regulation relates to changes in tumor growth behavior.

A second active area of study is to define the mechanisms whereby tumor cytotoxicity ensues photoradiation therapy, a treatment approach that employs hematoporphyrin photosensitizers followed by exposure of tumors to visible light. The singlet oxygen produced is cytotoxic. We reported that important cellular targets are several mitochondrial respiratory enzymes, leading to reduced ATP production. Current aims are to elucidate these actions and to evolve methods to optimize therapeutic efficacy. The role of estrogenic and antiestrogenic agents in altering production of protoporphyrin IX from 5-aminolevulinic acid and the actions of new synthetic prophyrin derivatives are ongoing projects aimed at improving PDT outcome.

Recent Journal Articles

Showing the 5 most recent journal articles. 237 available »

2009
Hilf, R. J.; Dutzler, R.;. "Structure of a potentially open state of a proton-activated pentameric ligand-gated ion channel". Nature. 2009; 457(37225): 115-8. Link
2009
Hilf, R. J.; Dutzler, R.;. "A prokaryotic perspective on pentameric ligand-gated ion channel structure". Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2009; . Link
2008
Hilf, R. J.; Dutzler, R.;. "X-ray structure of a prokaryotic pentameric ligand-gated ion channel". Nature. 2008; 452(37185): 375-9. Link
2008
Li, X.; Nott, S. L.; Huang, Y.; Hilf, R.; Bambara, R. A.; Qiu, X.; Yakovlev, A.; Welle, S.; Muyan, M.;. "Gene expression profiling reveals that the regulation of estrogen-responsive element-independent genes by 17beta-estradiol-estrogen receptor beta is uncoupled from the induction of phenotypic changes in cell models". J Mol Endocrinol. 2008; 40(35): 211-29. Link
2007 Feb
Hilf R. "Mitochondria are targets of photodynamic therapy." Journal of bioenergetics and biomembranes. 2007 Feb; 39(1):85-9.

Current Appointments

Professor Emeritus - Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics (SMD) - Primary

Education

PhD | Biochemistry | Rutgers State University1955
MS | Biochemistry | Rutgers State University1953
BS | Chemistry | Cuny City College1952