Thomas G. O'Connor, Ph.D.

Thomas G. O'Connor, Ph.D.

Contact Information

University of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
601 Elmwood Ave, Box PSYCH
Rochester, NY 14642

Office: (585) 273-1221
Fax: (585) 273-1066

Journal Articles

Showing all 164 journal articles available.

2014 Nov
O'Donnell KJ, Glover V, Holbrook JD, O'Connor TG. "Maternal prenatal anxiety and child brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) genotype: effects on internalizing symptoms from 4 to 15 years of age." Development and psychopathology. 2014 Nov; 26(4 Pt 2):1255-66.
2014 Nov
O'Connor TG, Moynihan JA, Wyman PA, Carnahan J, Lofthus G, Quataert SA, Bowman M, Caserta MT. "Depressive symptoms and immune response to meningococcal conjugate vaccine in early adolescence." Development and psychopathology. 2014 Nov; 26(4 Pt 2):1567-76.
2014 Sep
O'Connor TG. "Updating biological bases of social behavior." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2014 Sep; 55(9):957-8.
2014 Jun
O'Connor TG, Moynihan JA, Caserta MT. "Annual research review: The neuroinflammation hypothesis for stress and psychopathology in children--developmental psychoneuroimmunology." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2014 Jun; 55(6):615-31. Epub 2013 Dec 23.
2014 Jun
Scott S, Briskman J, O'Connor TG. "Early prevention of antisocial personality: long-term follow-up of two randomized controlled trials comparing indicated and selective approaches." The American journal of psychiatry. 2014 Jun; 171(6):649-57.
2014 May
O'Connor TG. "Prenatal and postnatal exposure to an unhealthy diet is associated with behavioural and emotional problems in children." Evidence-based mental health. 2014 May; 17(2):38. Epub 2014 Jan 29.
2014 May
O'Donnell KJ, Glover V, Barker ED, O'Connor TG. "The persisting effect of maternal mood in pregnancy on childhood psychopathology." Development and psychopathology. 2014 May; 26(2):393-403. Epub 2014 Mar 12.
2014 May
Sarkar S, Craig MC, Dell'Acqua F, O'Connor TG, Catani M, Deeley Q, Glover V, Murphy DG. "Prenatal stress and limbic-prefrontal white matter microstructure in children aged 6-9 years: a preliminary diffusion tensor imaging study." The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. 2014 May; 15(4):346-52.
2014 May
Dozier M, Kaufman J, Kobak R, O'Connor TG, Sagi-Schwartz A, Scott S, Shauffer C, Smetana J, van IJzendoorn MH, Zeanah CH. "Consensus statement on group care for children and adolescents: A statement of policy of the American Orthopsychiatric Association." The American journal of orthopsychiatry. 2014 May; 84(3):219-25.
2014 Mar
Blackmore ER, Groth SW, Din Chen DG, Gilchrist MA, O'Connor TG, Moynihan JA. "Depressive symptoms and proinflammatory cytokines across the perinatal period in African American women." Journal of psychosomatic obstetrics and gynaecology. 2014 Mar; 35(1):8-15. Epub 2013 Dec 18.
2014 Feb
Laceulle OM, O'Donnell K, Glover V, O'Connor TG, Ormel J, van Aken MA, Nederhof E. "Stressful events and psychological difficulties: testing alternative candidates for sensitivity." European child & adolescent psychiatry. 2014 Feb; 23(2):103-13. Epub 2013 Jun 12.
2014 Feb
Joseph MA, O'Connor TG, Briskman JA, Maughan B, Scott S. "The formation of secure new attachments by children who were maltreated: an observational study of adolescents in foster care." Development and psychopathology. 2014 Feb; 26(1):67-80. Epub 2013 Oct 29.
2014 Feb
O'Connor TG, Tang W, Gilchrist MA, Moynihan JA, Pressman EK, Blackmore ER. "Diurnal cortisol patterns and psychiatric symptoms in pregnancy: short-term longitudinal study." Biological psychology. 2014 Feb; 96:35-41. Epub 2013 Nov 12.
2014 Feb
Carnegie R, Araya R, Ben-Shlomo Y, Glover V, O'Connor TG, O'Donnell KJ, Pearson R, Lewis G. "Cortisol awakening response and subsequent depression: prospective longitudinal study." The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. 2014 Feb; 204(2):137-43. Epub 2013 Dec 05.
2014
O'Connor TG, Monk C, Fitelson EM. "Practitioner review: maternal mood in pregnancy and child development--implications for child psychology and psychiatry." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2014 55(2):99-111. Epub 2013 Oct 16.
2014
Matias C, O'Connor TG, Futh A, Scott S. "Observational attachment theory-based parenting measures predict children's attachment narratives independently from social learning theory-based measures." Attachment & human development. 2014 16(1):77-92. Epub 2013 Nov 28.
2014
O'Connor TG, Barrett ES. "Mechanisms of prenatal programing: identifying and distinguishing the impact of steroid hormones." Frontiers in endocrinology. 2014 5:52. Epub 2014 Apr 14.
2013 Oct
Robertson-Blackmore E, Putnam FW, Rubinow DR, Matthieu M, Hunn JE, Putnam KT, Moynihan JA, O'Connor TG. "Antecedent trauma exposure and risk of depression in the perinatal period." The Journal of clinical psychiatry. 2013 Oct; 74(10):e942-8.
2013 Sep
O'Donnell KJ, Glover V, Jenkins J, Browne D, Ben-Shlomo Y, Golding J, O'Connor TG. "Prenatal maternal mood is associated with altered diurnal cortisol in adolescence." Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Sep; 38(9):1630-8. Epub 2013 Feb 22.
2013 Aug
O'Connor TG, Winter MA, Hunn J, Carnahan J, Pressman EK, Glover V, Robertson-Blackmore E, Moynihan JA, Eun-Hyung Lee F, Caserta MT. "Prenatal maternal anxiety predicts reduced adaptive immunity in infants." Brain, behavior, and immunity. 2013 Aug; 32:21-8. Epub 2013 Feb 21.
2013 Jun
Blackmore ER, Rubinow DR, O'Connor TG, Liu X, Tang W, Craddock N, Jones I. "Reproductive outcomes and risk of subsequent illness in women diagnosed with postpartum psychosis." Bipolar disorders. 2013 Jun; 15(4):394-404. Epub 2013 May 07.
2013 May
Braithwaite EC, Ramchandani PG, O'Connor TG, van Ijzendoorn MH, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ, Glover V, Netsi E, Evans J, Meaney MJ, Murphy SE. "No moderating effect of 5-HTTLPR on associations between antenatal anxiety and infant behavior." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2013 May; 52(5):519-26. Epub 2013 Apr 03.
2013 Mar
O'Connor TG, Bergman K, Sarkar P, Glover V. "Prenatal cortisol exposure predicts infant cortisol response to acute stress." Developmental psychobiology. 2013 Mar; 55(2):145-55. Epub 2012 Feb 07.
2013
O'Connor TG, Matias C, Futh A, Tantam G, Scott S. "Social learning theory parenting intervention promotes attachment-based caregiving in young children: randomized clinical trial." Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53. 2013 42(3):358-70. Epub 2012 Sep 28.
2013
Marie-Mitchell A, O'Connor TG. "Adverse childhood experiences: translating knowledge into identification of children at risk for poor outcomes." Academic pediatrics. 2013 13(1):14-9.
2013
Meunier JC, Boyle M, O'Connor TG, Jenkins JM. "Multilevel mediation: cumulative contextual risk, maternal differential treatment, and children's behavior within families." Child development. 2013 84(5):1594-615. Epub 2013 Feb 11.
2013
Marques AH, O'Connor TG, Roth C, Susser E, Bjørke-Monsen AL. "The influence of maternal prenatal and early childhood nutrition and maternal prenatal stress on offspring immune system development and neurodevelopmental disorders." Frontiers in neuroscience. 2013 7:120. Epub 2013 Jul 31.
2013
Pearson RM, Evans J, Kounali D, Lewis G, Heron J, Ramchandani PG, O'Connor TG, Stein A. "Maternal depression during pregnancy and the postnatal period: risks and possible mechanisms for offspring depression at age 18 years." JAMA psychiatry. 2013 70(12):1312-9.
2012 Nov
Scott S, O'Connor TG. "An experimental test of differential susceptibility to parenting among emotionally-dysregulated children in a randomized controlled trial for oppositional behavior." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2012 Nov; 53(11):1184-93. Epub 2012 Aug 06.
2012 Aug
Browne DT, Meunier JC, O'Connor TG, Jenkins JM. "The role of parental personality traits in differential parenting." Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43). 2012 Aug; 26(4):542-53. Epub 2012 Jun 11.
2012 Jun
O'Donnell KJ, Bugge Jensen A, Freeman L, Khalife N, O'Connor TG, Glover V. "Maternal prenatal anxiety and downregulation of placental 11?-HSD2." Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012 Jun; 37(6):818-26. Epub 2011 Oct 15.
2012 Apr
Bisceglia R, Jenkins JM, Wigg KG, O'Connor TG, Moran G, Barr CL. "Arginine vasopressin 1a receptor gene and maternal behavior: evidence of association and moderation." Genes, brain, and behavior. 2012 Apr; 11(3):262-8. Epub 2012 Mar 01.
2011 Nov
Caserta MT, Wyman PA, Wang H, Moynihan J, O'Connor TG. "Associations among depression, perceived self-efficacy, and immune function and health in preadolescent children." Development and psychopathology. 2011 Nov; 23(4):1139-47.
2011 Oct
Scott S, Briskman J, Woolgar M, Humayun S, O'Connor TG. "Attachment in adolescence: overlap with parenting and unique prediction of behavioural adjustment." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2011 Oct; 52(10):1052-62. Epub 2011 Aug 11.
2011 Oct
Blackmore ER, Moynihan JA, Rubinow DR, Pressman EK, Gilchrist M, O'Connor TG. "Psychiatric symptoms and proinflammatory cytokines in pregnancy." Psychosomatic medicine. 2011 Oct; 73(8):656-63. Epub 2011 Sep 23.
2011 May
Robertson Blackmore E, Côté-Arsenault D, Tang W, Glover V, Evans J, Golding J, O'Connor TG. "Previous prenatal loss as a predictor of perinatal depression and anxiety." The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. 2011 May; 198(5):373-8. Epub 2011 Mar 03.
2011 Mar
Creswell C, O'Connor TG. "Interpretation bias and anxiety in childhood: stability, specificity and longitudinal associations." Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy. 2011 Mar; 39(2):191-204. Epub 2010 Sep 27.
2011 Mar
Rasbash J, Jenkins J, O'Connor TG, Tackett J, Reiss D. "A social relations model of observed family negativity and positivity using a genetically informative sample." Journal of personality and social psychology. 2011 Mar; 100(3):474-91.
2010 Jun 1
Bergman K, Sarkar P, Glover V, O'Connor TG. "Maternal prenatal cortisol and infant cognitive development: moderation by infant-mother attachment." Biological psychiatry. 2010 Jun 1; 67(11):1026-32. Epub 2010 Feb 25.
2010 Mar
Bergman K, Glover V, Sarkar P, Abbott DH, O'Connor TG. "In utero cortisol and testosterone exposure and fear reactivity in infancy." Hormones and behavior. 2010 Mar; 57(3):306-12. Epub 2010 Jan 06.
2010
Scott S, O'Connor TG, Futh A, Matias C, Price J, Doolan M. "Impact of a parenting program in a high-risk, multi-ethnic community: the PALS trial." Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines. 2010 51(12):1331-41. Epub 2010 Sep 24.
2009
Bolton,D.; Rijsdijk,F.; Eley,T. C.; O'Connor,T. G.; Briskman,J.; Perrin,S.;. "Normative childhood repetitive routines and obsessive compulsive symptomatology in 6-year-old twins". J.Child Psychol.Psychiatry. 2009; 50(9): 1139-1146.
2009
Glover,V.; Bergman,K.; Sarkar,P.; O'Connor,T. G.;. "Association between maternal and amniotic fluid cortisol is moderated by maternal anxiety". Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009; 34(3): 430-435.
2009
Glover,V.; O'Connor,T.; O'Donnell,K.;. "Prenatal stress and the programming of the HPA axis". Neurosci.Biobehav.Rev. 2009; .
2009
Minnis,H.; Green,J.; O'Connor,T. G.; Liew,A.; Glaser,D.; Taylor,E.; Follan,M.; Young,D.; Barnes,J.; Gillberg,C.; Pelosi,A.; Arthur,J.; Burston,A.; Connolly,B.; Sadiq,F. A.;. "An exploratory study of the association between reactive attachment disorder and attachment narratives in early school-age children". J.Child Psychol.Psychiatry. 2009; 50(8): 931-942.
2009
O'Connor,T. G.;. "Applying the basics". J.Child Psychol.Psychiatry. 2009; 50(8): 879-880.
2009
O'Connor,T. G.; Spagnola,M. E.;. "Early stress exposure: Concepts, findings, and implications, with particular emphasis on attachment disturbances". Child.Adolesc.Psychiatry.Ment.Health. 2009; 3(1): 24.
2008
Caserta,M. T.; O'Connor,T. G.; Wyman,P. A.; Wang,H.; Moynihan,J.; Cross,W.; Tu,X.; Jin,X.;. "The associations between psychosocial stress and the frequency of illness, and innate and adaptive immune function in children". Brain Behav.Immun. 2008; 22(6): 933-940.
2008
Colvert,E.; Rutter,M.; Beckett,C.; Castle,J.; Groothues,C.; Hawkins,A.; Kreppner,J.; O'connor,T. G.; Stevens,S.; Sonuga-Barke,E. J.;. "The Delayed Onset of Emotional difficulties in early adolescence following severe early deprivation: findings from the English and Romanian adoptees study". Dev.Psychopathol. 2008; 20(2): 547-567.
2008
Eley,T. C.; Rijsdijk,F. V.; Perrin,S.; O'Connor,T. G.; Bolton,D.;. "A multivariate genetic analysis of specific phobia, separation anxiety and social phobia in early childhood". J.Abnorm.Child Psychol. 2008; 36(6): 839-848.
2008
Futh,A.; O'Connor,T. G.; Matias,C.; Green,J.; Scott,S.;. "Attachment narratives and behavioral and emotional symptoms in an ethnically diverse, at-risk sample". J.Am.Acad.Child Adolesc.Psychiatry. 2008; 47(6): 709-718.
2008
Ramchandani,P. G.; O'Connor,T. G.; Evans,J.; Heron,J.; Murray,L.; Stein,A.;. "The effects of pre- and postnatal depression in fathers: a natural experiment comparing the effects of exposure to depression on offspring". J.Child Psychol.Psychiatry. 2008; 49(10): 1069-1078.
2008
Ramchandani,P. G.; Stein,A.; O'Connor,T. G.; Heron,J.; Murray,L.; Evans,J.;. "Depression in men in the postnatal period and later child psychopathology: a population cohort study". J.Am.Acad.Child Adolesc.Psychiatry. 2008; 47(4): 390-398.
2008
Sarkar,P.; Bergman,K.; O'Connor,T. G.; Glover,V.;. "Maternal antenatal anxiety and amniotic fluid cortisol and testosterone: possible implications for foetal programming". J.Neuroendocrinol. 2008; 20(4): 489-496.
2008
Creswell, C., Brewin, C.R., & O'Connor, T.G. "The impact of parents' expectations on parenting behaviour: An experimental investigation." Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2008; : 483-490.
2008
O'Connor, T.G., & Creswell, C. (2008). . "Cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents". Psychiatry. 2008; : 363-366.
2008
Bergman, K., Sarkar, P., Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G. "Quality of child-parent attachment moderates the impact of antenatal stress on child fearfulness". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1089-1098. 2008; : 1089-1.
2007
Beckett,C.; Maughan,B.; Rutter,M.; Castle,J.; Colvert,E.; Groothues,C.; Hawkins,A.; Kreppner,J.; O'Connor,T. G.; Stevens,S.; Sonuga-Barke,E. J.;. "Scholastic attainment following severe early institutional deprivation: a study of children adopted from Romania". J.Abnorm.Child Psychol. 2007; 35(6): 1063-1073.
2007
Bergman,K.; Sarkar,P.; O'Connor,T. G.; Modi,N.; Glover,V.;. "Maternal stress during pregnancy predicts cognitive ability and fearfulness in infancy". J.Am.Acad.Child Adolesc.Psychiatry. 2007; 46(11): 1454-1463.
2007
Holmes,E. A.; Creswell,C.; O'Connor,T. G.;. "Posttraumatic stress symptoms in London school children following September 11, 2001: an exploratory investigation of peri-traumatic reactions and intrusive imagery". J.Behav.Ther.Exp.Psychiatry. 2007; 38(4): 474-490.
2007
Sarkar,P.; Bergman,K.; Fisk,N. M.; O'Connor,T. G.; Glover,V.;. "Amniotic fluid testosterone: relationship with cortisol and gestational age". Clin.Endocrinol.(Oxf). 2007; 67(5): 743-747.
2007
Bolton, D.; Rijsdijk, F; O'Connor, T.; Perrin, S; Eley, T. "Obsessive compulsive disorder, tics and anxiety in 6-year-old twins". Psychological Medicine. 2007; : 39-48.
2007
Rutter, M., Colvert, E., Kreppner, J., Beckett, C., Castle, J., Groothues, C., Hawkins, A., O'Connor, T.G., Stevens, S., Sonuga-Barke, E. "Early adolescent outcomes for institutionally-deprived and non-deprived adoptees. I: Disinhibited attachment." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2007; : 17-30.
2007
Collishaw, S., Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G., Golding, J., and the ALSPAC study team. "Maternal childhood abuse and offspring adjustment over time". Development and Psychopathology. 2007; : 367-383.
2007
O'Connor, T.G., & Byrne, J.G. "Attachment measures for research and practice". Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 2007; : 187-192.
2007
Bridges, L.J., Roe, A.E.C., Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G. "Children's perspectives on their relationships with grandparents following parental separation: A longitudinal up study". Social Development. 2007; : 539-554.
2007
O'Connor, T.G., Caprariello, P., Robertson Blackmore, E., Gregory, A.M., Glover, V., Fleming, P. and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Prenatal mood disturbance predicts sleep problems in infancy and toddlerhood". Early Human Development. 2007; : 451-458.
2007
Sarkar, P., Bergman, K., Fisk, N.M., O'Connor, T.G., & Glover, V. "Ontogeny of foetal exposure to maternal cortisol using midtrimester amniotic fluid as a biomarker". Clinical Endocrinology,. 2007; : 636-640.
2007
Minnis, H., Reekie, J., Young, D., O'Connor, T.G., Ronald, A., Gray, A., & Plomin, R. "Genetic, environmental and gender influences on attachment disorder behaviours". British Journal of Psychiatry. 2007; : 490-495.
2007
Kreppner, J.M., Rutter, M., Beckett, C., Castle, J., Colvert, E., Groothues, C., Hawkins, A., O'Connor, T.G., Stevens, S., Sonuga-Barke, E. "Normality and impairment following early institutional deprivation: A longitudinal follow-up into early adolescence". Developmental Psychology. 2007; : 931-946.
2007
O'Connor, T.G., Spagnola, M., Clancy, C. (2007). "Attachment Disturbances and Disorders in Children: An Update on Assessment and Treatment." Clinical Neuropsychiatry. 2007; : 99-105.
2006
Beckett, C., Maughan, B., Rutter, M., Castle, J., Colvert, E., Groothues, C., Kreppner J., O'Connor, T.G., Stevens, S., Sonuga-Barke, EJ. "Do the effects of early severe deprivation on cognition persist into early adolescence? Findings from the English and Romanian Adoptees study". Child Development. 2006; : 696-711.
2006
Bolton, D, Eley, T.C., O'Connor T.G., Perrin, S., Rabe-Hasketh, S., Rijsdijk, F., Smith, P. (2006). . "Prevalence and genetic and environmental influences on anxiety disorders in 6-year-old twins". Psychological Medicine. 2006; : 335-344.
2006
Castle, J., Rutter, M., Beckett, C., Colvert, E., Groothues, C., Hawkins, A., Kreppner, J., O'Connor, T.G., Stevens, S.E., Sonuga-Barke, E. "Service use by families with children adopted from Roman". Journal of Children's Service. 2006; : 5-15.
2006
Cheng, H., O'Connor, T.G., Dunn, J., Golding, J., and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Factors Moderating Children's Adjustment to Parental Separation: Findings from a Community Study in England". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2006; : 230-241.
2006
Creswell, C., & O'Connor, T.G. "'Anxious cognitions' in children: An exploration of associations and mediators". British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 2006; : 761-766.
2006
Creswell, C., O'Connor, T.G., & Brewin, C.R. "A longitudinal investigation of maternal and child anxious cognitions". Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 135-147. 2006; : 135-147.
2006
Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G. "Why antenatal maternal mental health matters: Effects on the fetus and the child". British Journal of Midwifery. 2006; : 663-667.
2006
O'Connor, T.G., & Cameron, J.L. (. "Translating Research Findings on Early Experience to Prevention: Animal and Human Evidence on Early Attachment Relationships". American Journal of Preventive Medicine,. 2006; : S175-S181.
2006
O'Connor, T.G., Dunn, J., Jenkins, J.M., & Rasbash, J. "Predictors of Between-Family and Within-Family Variation in Parent-Child Relationships". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2006; : 498-510.
2006
O'Connor, T.G. "Toward integrating behavioral genetics and family process. Families, Systems, and Health". 2006; : 416-424.
2006
Roe, A.E.C., Bridges, L.J., Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G. "Young children's representations of their families: A longitudinal follow-up study of family drawings by children living in different family settings. I". International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2006; : 529-536.
2005
Byrne, J.G., O'Connor, T.G., Marvin, R.S., & Whelan, W.F. "Practitioner review: The contribution of attachment theory to child custody assessments". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2005; : 115-127.
2005
Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G., & Cheng, H. "Children's responses to conflict between their different parents: mothers, stepfathers, nonresident fathers, and nonresident stepmothers." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. 2005; : 223-234.
2005
Gregory, A., Caspi, A., Eley, T.C., Moffitt, T.E., O'Connor, T.G., & Poulton, R. "Prospective longitudinal associations between persistent sleep problems in childhood and anxiety and depression disorders in adulthood". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2005; : 157-163.
2005
Jenkins, J.M., Simpson, A., Dunn, J., Rasbash, J., & O'Connor, T.G. "Mutual influence of marital conflict and children's behavior problems: shared and non-shared family risks". Child Development. 2005; : 24-39.
2005
Ramchandani, P., Stein, A., Evans, J., O'Connor, TG, and the ALSPAC study team. "Paternal Postnatal Depressive Symptoms Predict Behavioral Problems in Children Independent of Maternal Postnatal Depression". The Lancet. 2005; : 2201-2205.
2005
O'Connor, T.G., Cheng, H., Dunn, J., Golding, J., and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Factors Moderating Change in Depressive Symptoms In Women Following Separation: Findings from a Community Study in England". Psychological Medicine. 2005; : 715-724.
2005
O'Connor, T.G., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Heron, J., Golding, J., Adams, D., & Glover, V.. "Prenatal Anxiety Predicts Individual Differences in Cortisol in Pre-Adolescent Children". Biological Psychiatry. 2005; : 211-217.
2005
O'Connor, T.G., & Creswell, C. "Cognitive-behavioural therapy for children and adolescents." Psychiatry. 2005; 9(4): 123-125.
2005
Gregory, A.M., Eley, T.C., O'Connnor, T.G., Rijsdijk F., Plomin, R. "Family influences on the association between sleep problems and anxiety in a large sample of pre-school aged twins". Personality and Individual Differences. 2005; : 1337-1348.
2005
O'Connor, T.G. "Overzichtsartikel – de effecten van opvoeding: onderzoeksbevindingen heroverwogen, hun toepasssing, en uitdagingen voor de toekomst". Ouderscap & Ouderbegeleiding. 2005; : 128-160.
2005
Jenkins, J., Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G., Rasbash, J., Behnke, P. "Change in maternal perception of sibling negativity: within and between family influences". Journal of Family Psychology. 2005; : 533-541.
2004
Dunn, J., Cheng, H., O'Connor, T.G., & Bridges, L. . "Children's perspectives on their relationships with their non-resident fathers: Influences, outcomes, and implications". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2004; : 553-566.
2004
Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G. "Long-term effects of antenatal maternal stress and anxiety on the child". Japanese Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2004; : 983-994.
2004
Glover, V., O'Connor, T.G., Heron, J., Golding, J., and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Antenatal maternal anxiety is linked with atypical handedness in the child." Early Human Development. 2004; : 107-118.
2004
Gregory, A.M., Eley, T.C., O'Connor, T.G., & Plomin, R. "The etiologies of associations between childhood sleep and behavioral problems in a large twin sample." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2004; : 744-751.
2004
Heron, J., O'Connor, T.G., Glover, V., Evans, J., Golding, J., and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Patterns of Depression and Anxiety from Pregnancy to the Postnatal Period in a Community Sample". Journal of Affective Disorders. 2004; : 65-73.
2004
O'Connor, T.G. "Externalising problems and environmental stressors predict adolescent problems in children from divorced families". Evidence-Based Mental Health. 2004; : 121.
2004
Roberts, R., O'Connor, T., Dunn, J., and the ALSPAC study team. "The effects of sexual assault in later family life: Mental health, parenting and adjustment of offspring". Child Abuse and Neglect. 2004; : 525-545.
2004
Rutter, M., O'Connor, T.G., and the English and Romanian Adoptees (ERA) Study Team. "Are there biological programming effects for psychological development? Findings from a study of Romanian adoptees". Developmental Psychology. 2004; : 81-94.
2004
O'Connor, T.G. "Externalising problems and environmental stressors predict adolescent problems in children from divorced families." Evidence-Based Mental Health, 7, 121. 2004; 7(121).
2003
Beckett, C., Castle, J., Groothues, C., O'Connor, T.G., Rutter, M., and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. "The health problems in children adopted from Romania". Adoption and Fostering. 2003; : 19-29.
2003
Eley, T.C., Bolton, D., O'Connor, T.G., Perrin, S., Smith, P, & Plomin, R. "Phenotypic and genetic differentiation of anxiety-related behaviors in young children". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2003; : 945-960.
2003
Jenkins, J.M., Rasbash, J., O'Connor, T.G. "The role of shared family context in differential parenting". Developmental Psychology. 2003; : 99-113.
2003
O'Connor, T.G. "Early Experiences and Psychological Development: Conceptual Questions, Empirical Illustrations, and Implications for Intervention". Development and Psychopathology. 2003; : 671-690.
2003
O'Connor, T.G. "Natural experiments to study the effects of early experiences on development". Development and Psychopathology. 2003; : 837-852.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., Caspi, A., DeFries, J. C., & Plomin, R. "Genotype-Environment Interactions in Children's Adjustment to Parental Separation". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2003; : 849-856.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., Heron, J., Golding, J., & Glover, V., and the ALSPAC study team. "Maternal Antenatal Anxiety and Behavioural/Emotional Problems in Children: A Test of a Programming Hypothesis." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2003; : 1025-1036.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., Marvin, R.S., Rutter, M., Olrick, J., Britner, P.A. & The E.R.A. Study Team. "Child-parent attachment following early institutional deprivation". Development and Psychopathology. 2003; : 19-38.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., & Zeanah, C.H. "Introduction to the Special Issue: Current Perspectives on Assessment and Treatment of Attachment Disorders". Attachment and Human Development. 2003; : 221-222.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., & Zeanah, C.H. "Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches". Attachment and Human Development. 2003; : 223-244.
2003
O'Connor, T.G., & Zeanah, C.H. "Current Perspectives on Attachment Disorder: Rejoinder and synthesis". Attachment and Human Development. 2003; 5: 321-326.
2003
Spinath, F.M., O'Connor, T.G. "A behavioral genetic study of the overlap between personality and parenting." Journal of Personality. 2003; 71: 785-808.
2002
Allen, J. A., Hauser, S.T., O'Connor, T.G., & Bell, K. B. "Prediction of peer-rated adult hostility from autonomy struggles in adolescent-family interactions". Development and Psychopathology. 2002; : 123-137.
2002
Beckett, C., Castle, J., Groothues, C., O'Connor, T.G., Rutter, M., and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. "Behavior patterns associated with institutional deprivation: a study of children adopted from Romania." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 2002; : 297-303.
2002
Dunn, J., O'Connor, T.G. & Levy, L. "Out of the picture: A study of family drawings by children from step-, single-parent, and non-step families." Journal of Clinical Child Psychology. 2002; : 505-512.
2002
Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G. "Editorial: Antenatal stress and later development: Findings, mechanisms, and further hypotheses". British Journal of Psychiatry,. 2002; : 389-391.
2002
Groothues, C.L.M., Beckett, C.M., O'Connor, T.G., and the ERA study team. "Successful outcomes: A follow-up study of children adopted from Romanian into the UK". Adoption Quarterly. 2002; : 5-22.
2002
Gregory, A.M., & O'Connor, T.G. "Sleep problems in childhood: A longitudinal study of developmental change and association with behavioral problems". Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2002; 41: 964-971.
2002
Humfress, H., O'Connor, T.G., Slaughter, J., Target, M., & Fonagy, P. "Generalised and relationship-specific models of social cognition: Explaining the overlap and discrepancies". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2002; : 873-883.
2002
O'Connor, T.G. "Annotation: The "effects" of parenting reconsidered: Findings, challenges, and applications". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2002; : 555-572.
2002
O'Connor, T.G., Heron, J., & Glover, V., and the ALSPAC study team. "Antenatal anxiety predicts child behavioral/emotional problems independent of postnatal depression." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2002; : 1470-1477.
2002
O'Connor, T.G., Heron, J., Golding, J., Beveridge, M., & Glover, V. "Maternal antenatal anxiety and children's behavioural/emotional problems at 4 years". British Journal of Psychiatry. 2002; : 502-508.
2001
Dunn J., Davies, L., O'Connor, T., & Sturgess, W. "Family lives and friendships: The perspectives of children in step- single-parent and nonstep families". Journal of Family Psychology,. 2001; : 272-287.
2001
Croft, C., O'Connor, T.G., Keaveney, L., Groothues, C., Rutter, M. and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. . "Longitudinal change in parenting associated with developmental delay and catch-up". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2001; : 649-659.
2001
Kreppner, J.M., O'Connor, T.G., Rutter, M., and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. "Can inattention/hyperactivity be a deprivation disorder?". Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 2001; : 513-52.
2001
O'Connor, T.G., & Croft, C.M. "A twin study of attachment in pre-school children". Child Development. 2001; : 1501-1511.
2001
O'Connor, T. G., Dunn, J., Jenkins, J. M., Pickering, K., & Rasbash, J. "Family settings and children's adjustment: Differential adjustment within and across families." British Journal of Psychiatry. 2001; : 110-115.
2001
O'Connor, T.G., Jenkins, J.M., Hewitt, J. DeFries, J.C., & Plomin, R. "Longitudinal connections between parenting and peer relationships in adoptive and biological families." Marriage and Family Review. 2001; : 251-271.
2001
Rutter, M., Kreppner, J. O'Connor, T. G., and the ERA Team. "Specificity and heterogeneity in children's responses to profound deprivation". British Journal of Psychiatry. 2001; : 97-103.
2000
Deater-Deckard, K., & O'Connor, T.G. "Parent-child mutuality in early childhood: Two behavioral genetic studies". Developmental Psychology. 2000; : 561-570.
2000
Dunn, J., Davies, L., O'Connor, T., & Sturgess, W. "Parents' and partners' life course and family experiences: Links with parent-child relationships in different family settings." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2000; : 955-968.
2000
O'Connor, T. G., Caspi, A., DeFries, J. C., & Plomin, R. "Are associations between parental divorce and children's adjustment genetically mediated? An adoption study". Developmental Psychology. 2000; : 429-437.
2000
O'Connor, T. G., Croft, C., & Steele, H. "The contributions of twin and sibling studies to attachment theory." Attachment and Human Development,. 2000; : 101-116.
2000
O'Connor, T. G., Davies, L., Dunn, J., Golding, & the ALSPAC Study Team. "Differential distribution of children's accidents, injuries, and illnesses across family type". Pediatrics. 2000; : e68.
2000
O'Connor, T.G., & Jenkins, J.M. "Marital transitions and children's adjustment: Understanding why families differ from one another and why children in the same family show different patterns of adjustment". Human Resources Development Canada. 2000; : Ottawa.
2000
O'Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., Beckett, C., Kreppner, J. M., & Keaveney, L. and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. "The effects of global severe privation on cognitive competence:". Extension and Longitudinal Follow-up. Child Development. 2000; : 376-390.
2000
O'Connor, T. G., Rutter, M., and the English and Romanian Adoptees Study Team. "Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: Extension and longitudinal follow-up". Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2000; : 703-712.
1999
Castle, J., Groothues, C., Bredenkamp, D., Beckett, C., O'Connor, T. G., & Rutter, M. "Effects of qualities of institutional care on cognitive attainment". American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 1999; : 424-437.
1999
Groothues, C., Beckett, C., & O'Connor, T. G. "The outcome of adoptions from Romania: Predictors of parental satisfaction". Adoption and Fostering,. 1999; : 30-40.
1999
Kreppner, J., O'Connor, T. G., Dunn, J., & Anderson-Wood, L. "The pretend and social role play of children exposed to early severe deprivation". British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 1999; .
1999
O'Connor, T. G., Bredenkamp, D., & Rutter, M. (. "Attachment disturbances and disorders in children exposed to early severe deprivation." Infant Mental Health Journal. 1999; : 10-29.
1999
O'Connor, T. G., & Hirsch, N. "Intra-individual differences and relationship-specificity of social understanding and mentalising in early adolescence". Social Development. 1999; : 256-274.
1999
O'Connor, T. G., Pickering, K., Dunn, J., & Golding, J. and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Frequency and predictors of relationship dissolution in a community sample in England". Journal of Family Psychology. 1999; : 436-449.
1999
Rutter, M., Anderson-Wood, L., Beckett, C., Bredenkamp, D., Castle, J., Groothues, C., Keaveney, L., Lord, C., & O'Connor, T. G. "Quasi-autistic patterns following severe early global privation". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1999; : 537-549.
1999
Rutter, M., Silberg, J., O'Connor, T., & Simonoff, E. "Genetics and child psychiatry: I. Advances in quantitative and molecular genetics". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1999; : 3-18.
1999
Rutter, M., Silberg, J., O'Connor, T., & Simonoff, E. "Genetics and child psychiatry: II. Empirical research findings". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1999; : 19-55.
1998
Beckett, C., Groothues, C., & O'Connor, T. G. "The experience of adopting from Romania: The role of siblings in adjustment." Adoption and Fostering. 1998; : 25-34.
1998
Dunn, J., Deater-Deckard, K., Pickering, K., O'Connor, T. G., & Golding, J., and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Children's adjustment and prosocial behavior in step-, single, and nonstep-family settings: Findings from a community study". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 1998; : 1083-1095.
1998
O'Connor, T. G., Deater-Deckard, K., Fulker, D., Rutter, M., & Plomin, R. "Genotype-environment correlations in late childhood and early adolescence: Antisocial behavioral problems and coercive parenting". Developmental Psychology. 1998; : 970-981.
1998
O'Connor, T. G., Hawkins, N., Dunn, J., Thorpe, K., & Golding, J. and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Family type and maternal depression in pregnancy: Factors mediating risk in a community sample". Journal of Marriage and the Family. 1998; : 757-770.
1998
O'Connor, T. G., Hetherington, E. M., & Reiss, D. "Family systems and adolescent development: Shared and nonshared risk and protective factors in nondivorced and remarried families". Development and Psychopathology. 1998; : 353-375.
1998
O'Connor, T. G., McGuire, S., Reiss, D., Hetherington, E. M., & Plomin, R. "Co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and antisocial behavior in adolescence: A common genetic liability." Journal of Abnormal Psychology,. 1998; : 27-37.
1998
O'Connor, T. G., Neiderhiser, J. M., Reiss, D., Hetherington, E. M., & Plomin, R. "Genetic contributions to continuity, change and co-occurrence of antisocial and depressive symptoms in adolescence." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,. 1998; : 323-336.
1997
O'Connor, T. G., Hetherington, E. M., & Clingempeel, W. G. "Family systems and adolescent development: Implications for bidirectionality in development." Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. 1997; 14: 491-504.
1996
Allen, J. P. Hauser, S. T., O'Connor, T. G., Bell, K. L., & Eickholt, C. M. "The connection of observed family conflict to adolescents' developing autonomy and relatedness with parents". Development and Psychopathology. 1996; : 425-442.
1996
O'Connor, T. G., & Rutter, M. "Risk mechanisms in development: Some conceptual and methodological considerations." Developmental Psychology. 1996; 32: 787-795.
1995
O'Connor, T. G., Hetherington, E. M., Reiss, D., & Plomin, R. "A twin-sibling study of observed parent-adolescent interactions." Child Development. 1995; 66: 812-829.
1995
Reiss, D., Hetherington, E. M., Plomin, R., Howe, G., Simmens, S., Henderson, S., O'Connor, T., Bussell, D., & Anderson, E. "(1995) Genetic questions for environmental studies: Differential parenting of siblings and its association with depression and antisocial behavior in adolescents. ,". Archives of General Psychiatry. 1995; 52: 925-936.
1994
Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., Bell, K. L., & O'Connor, T. G. "Longitudinal assessment of autonomy and relatedness in adolescent-family interactions as predictors of adolescent ego-development and self-esteem." Child Development. 1994; : 179-194.
1994
Allen, J. P. Hauser, S. T., Eickholt, C. M., Bell, K. L., & O'Connor, T. G. "Autonomy and relatedness in family interactions as predictors of expressions of negative adolescent affect." Journal of Research on Adolescence. 1994; : 535-552.
0
O'Connor, T. G., Thorpe, K., Dunn, J., & Golding, J. and the ALSPAC Study Team. "Parental divorce and adjustment in adulthood: Findings from a community sample". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. : 777-790.
0
Deater-Deckard, K., Pike, A., Petrill, S. A., Cutting, A. L., Hughes, C., & O'Connor, T. G. (2001). . "Nonshared environmental processes in social-emotional development: An observational study of identical twin differences in the preschool period". Developmental Science,. (2)(4): F1-F6.

Books

2013
Moynihan, J.A., Heffner, K.L., Caserta, M.T., and O'Connor, T.G.. Stress and Immune Function in Humans: A Life-Course Perspective. A. Kusnecov and H. Anisman. Oxford: John Wiley and Sons, 2013. 251-265
2012
O'Connor, T.G., Spagnola, M., & Byrne, J.G.. "Evidence-Based Treatments for Reactive Attachment Disorder and Severe Attachment Disturbances.". Handbook of evidence-based practice in clinical psychology. P Sturmey & M Hersen. Hoboken: J Wiley & Sons, 2012. 433-453
2011
O'Connor, T.G.. "Prenatal anxiety and child development.". Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development. Tremblay RE, Barr RG, Peters RDeV, Boivin M.. Montreal: Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development, 2011.
2010
O'Connor, T.G.. "Natural experiments.". Encyclopedia of Research Design. N J. Salkind. : Sage Publication, 2010. 876-880
2010
Glover, V., O'Donnell, K., & O'Connor, T.G.. "Maternal mood in pregnancy: fetal origins of child neurodevelopment.". Oxford Textbook on Women and Mental Health. D Kohen. : Oxford University Press, 2010. 265-270
2009
O'Connor, T.G. & Parfitt, D.. "Translating Research Findings on Early Experience to Infant Mental Health.". Handbook of Infant Mental Health. C. Zeanah. : Guilford Press, 2009. 120-131
2008
Glover, V., Bergman, K.B., & O'Connor, T.G.. "The effects of maternal stress, anxiety and depression during pregnancy on ther neurodevelopment of the child.". Perinatal and postpartum mood disorders. S.D. Stone & A.E. Menken. New York: Springer Publishing, LLC, 2008. 3-15
2008
O'Connor, T.G., & Creswell, C.. "Social Cognition and Genetics.". Social cognition and developmental psychopathology. C. Sharp, P. Fonagy, & I. Goodyer. : Oxford University Press, 2008.
2006
Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G.. "Antenatal programming of child behaviour and neurodevelopment: links with maternal stress and anxiety.". Perinatal programming: early life determinants of adult health and disease. D.M. Hodgson and C. L. Coe. : Taylor and Francis Medical Books, 2006. 253-264
2006
O'Connor, T.G.. "The Persisting Effects of Early Experiences on Psychological Development.". Risk, disorder, and adaptation. D. Cicchetti & D. Cohen. New York: Wiley, 2006. 202-234
2006
O'Connor, T.G., & Scott, S.B.C.. Parenting and Outcomes for Children.. : The Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2006.
2005
Glover, V., & O'Connor, T.G.. "Effects of antenatal maternal stress or anxiety: from fetus to child.". Prenatal development and postnatal functions. B. Hopkins & S. Johnson. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2005. 221-245
2005
O'Connor, T.G.. "Attachment disturbances associated with early severe deprivation.". Attachment and bonding: A new synthesis. C.S. Carter, L. Ahnert et al.. Cambridge: The MIT press, 2005. 257-267
2005
Thompson, R.A., Braun, K., Grossman, K.E., Gunnar, M.R., Heinrichs, M., Keller, H., O'Connor, T.G., Spangler, G., Voland, E., & Wang, S.. "Group report: Early social attachments and its consequences: The dynamics of a developing relationship.". Attachment and bonding: A new synthesis. C.S. Carter, L. Ahnert et al.. Cambridge: The MIT press, 2005. 349-383
2005
O'Connor, T.G., & Creswell, C.. "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in Developmental Perspective.". Cognitive-behaviour therapy for children and families. P. Graham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 25-47
2005
O'Connor. T.G., & Nilsen, W.J.. "Models Versus Metaphors in Translating Attachment Theory to the Clinic and Community.". Enhancing Early Attachments. L. Berlin, Y. Ziv, L. Amaya-Jackson, & M.T. Greenberg. New York: Guilford Publications, 2005. 313-326
2003
O'Connor, T. G.. "Vulnerability and resilience in children of divorced families.". Children and parents: Clinical issues. R Gupta & D Parry-Gupta. London: Whurr Publishers Ltd, 2003. 180-206
2003
O'Connor, T. G.. "Behavioral genetic contributions to understanding dynamic processes in parent-child relationships.". Handbook of dynamics in parent-child relations. L. Kuczynski. Newbury Park: Sage, 2003. 145-163
2002
O'Connor, T.G.. "Attachment disorders in infancy and childhood.". Child and adolescent psychiatry: Modern approaches. M. Rutter & E. Taylor. : Blackwell Scientific, 2002. 776-792
2002
Deater-Deckard, K., Dunn, J., O'Connor, T. G., Davies, L., Golding, J., & the ALSPAC Study Team.. "Using the step-family genetic design to examine gene-environment processes in family functioning.". Gene-environment processes in social behaviors and relationships. New York: Haworth Press, 2002. 131-156
2001
Rutter, M., O'Connor, T., Beckett, C., Castle, J., Croft, C., Groothues, C., Kreppner, J. and the ERA Team. "Recovery and deficit following profound early deprivation.". Inter-country adoption. R. Selman. London: British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering, 2001.
2001
O'Connor, T.. "Genotype-environment correlations: Lessons from developmental behavioral genetics.". Biology of the mind. H. van Crombrugge, B Van den Bergh, & K. Catteeuw. Leuven: Garant, 2001. 11-27
2001
O'Connor, T.G., Rutter, M., Beckett, C., Brophy, M., Castle, J., Colvert, E., Gregory, A., Groothues, C., & Kreppner, J.. "Early deprivation and later attachment-related behaviour: Lessons from the English and Romanian Adoptee study.". Parenting: Applications in Clinical Practice. W. Yule & O. Udwin. : ACPP Occasional Papers, 2001. 51-59
2000
O'Connor, T. G., & Plomin, R.. "Developmental behavioral genetics.". Handbook of developmental psychopathology. A. Sameroff, M. Lewis, & S. Miller. New York: Plenum Press, 2000. 217-235
2000
Rutter, M., O'Connor, T. Beckett, C., Castle, J. Croft, C., Dunn, J., Groothues, C., & Kreppner, J.. "Recovery and deficit following profound early deprivation.". Intercountry Adoption. P. Selman. London: British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering, 2000. 107-142
1999
Beckett, C., Groothues, C., & O'Connor, T.. "The role of sibling group structure on adoption outcomes.". We are a family: Sibling relationships in placement and beyond. A. Mullender. London: BAAF, 1999. 83-95
1999
O'Connor, T. G., & Pianta, R. C.. "Family and environmental factors in learning disabilities.". Clinics in developmental medicine. London: Mac Keith Press, 1999. 211-226
1999
Rutter, M., & O'Connor, T. G.. "Policy applications of attachment theory.". Handbook of Attachment. J. Cassidy & P. Shaver. New York: Guilford Press, 1999. 823-844
1998
O'Connor, T. G., Deater-Deckard, K., & Plomin, R.. "Foundations of behavioral genetics research: Implications for clinical psychology.". Comprehensive Clinical Psychology. C. E. Walker. Oxford: Elsevier Sciences, 1998. 87-114
1996
O'Connor, T. G., Allen, J. P., Bell, K. L., & Hauser, S. T.. "Adolescent-parent relationships and leaving home in young adulthood: Linking developmental transitions.". Leaving home. New directions in child development. J. A. Graber & J. S. Dubas. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996.
1996
Bell, K. L., Allen, J. P., Hauser, S. T., & O'Connor, T G.. "Family factors and young adult transitions: Educational attainment and occupational prestige.". Transitions through adolescence. J. Graber, J. Brooks-Gunn, & A. C. Peterson. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996. 345-366
1993
Hetherington, E. M., Law, T. C., & O'Connor, T. G.. "Divorce: Challenges, changes, and new chances.". Normal family processes. F. Walsh. New York: Guilford Press, 1993.