Benjamin Chapman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Benjamin Chapman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Contact Information

University of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
601 Elmwood Ave, Box PSYCH
Rochester, NY 14642

Professional Bio

Ben Chapman completed his psychology PhD at the University of North Texas in 2005, trained on a National Research Service Award fellowship in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center from 2005-2008, joined the faculty as an assistant professor in 2008 with a K08 award from the National Institute on Aging, completed an MPH in 2010 in the Department of Community and Preventive Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, and is finishing an MS in statistics in the Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, expected in Fall 2015.

He has been an associate professor since 2013. He serves on the editorial boards for the journals Psychology and Aging and Frontiers in Psychology, is a member of the Social, Personality, and Interpersonal Processes study section at the National Institute of Health's Center for Scientific Review, and consults periodically with the National Institute on Aging. He teaches and mentors post-doctoral fellows and graduate students, and his research spans topics from personality and healthy aging, to lifecourse models of socioeconomic health disparities, to quantitative methods in the behavioral and health sciences.

Research Bio

My research focuses on the interface between social class and individual psychological traits related to "healthy aging". The social patterning of health is well understood, and attributed to fundamental social forces producing socioeconomic stratification. The role of the individual in these processes is less well understood, and subject to competing hypotheses with differing policy implications. Some models attributing people's individual traits, as well as the health risk they pose, to social class and other broader societal forces. Support for these models favors health policy based on the concept of social or collective responsibility for the health of persons. Models attributing social gradients in health to personality or cognitive traits point toward health policies based on "personal responsibility". Economic, population health, ethical, and social theory implications differ substantially between these two classes of models.

My work examines these issues in the context of three kinds of health outcomes. First, longevity is the most fundamental of all definitions of successful aging. Second, inflammatory biomarkers provide a semi-objective indicator of systemic integrity, as well as information about antecedents or sequalae of common diseases of aging. Third, cognitive function is a crucial element of "successful aging". A final aspect of my work involves methodology connected to many of these questions, including psychometrics and measurement, applications of machine learning within behavioral and health sciences, and large scale hypothesis testing.

Awards & Honors (National)

"Rising Stars" White House Public Policy Workshop | • National Institute on Aging-Association for Psychological Scie 2013
Member | National Institute on Aging Conscientiousness and Healthy Aging 2012 - 2014
Nominee, Early Career Development Award (Personality Research) | American Psychological Association 2010
Psychology Department nominee, Student of the Year | Sage Publications National Counseling Psychology 2004

Awards & Honors (Local)

Consultant | National Institute on Aging | Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences 2014 - Present
Outstanding Reviewer Award | Medical Care 2008 - 2010
Dissertation Award for Research Achievement in the Social Sciences | University of North Texas Graduate Council 2006
Psychology Department nominee | APA Dissertation Research Award 2005
Ellen Ladenberger Award for Outstanding Graduate Student in the Psychology Department 2004
Kappa Kappa Gamma Outstanding Undergraduate Instructor Recognition 2003
Ellen Ladenberger Award for Outstanding Graduate Student in the Psychology Department 2003

Recent Journal Articles

Showing the 5 most recent journal articles. 67 available »

2015 Apr 2
Cheng H, Deighton J, Wolpert M, Chapman BP, Kornilaki EN, Treglown L, Furnham A. "Hay fever in childhood, traits Neuroticism and Conscientiousness as independent predictors of the occurrence of hay fever in adulthood." Journal of health psychology. 2015 Apr 2; Epub 2015 Apr 02.
2015 Jan
Turiano NA, Chapman BP, Gruenewald TL, Mroczek DK. "Personality and the leading behavioral contributors of mortality." Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association. 2015 Jan; 34(1):51-60. Epub 2013 Dec 23.
Chapman, B.P.; Weiss, A.; Fiscella, K.F.; Muening, P.M.; Duberstein, P.R. "Personalizing mortality prediction with psychosocial questionnaire data". Medical Care. 2015; .
Hoerger, M.; Quirk, S.; Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P. "Realistic Affective Forecasting". Cognition and Emotion. 2015; .
Roiland, R.; Lin. F.; Phelan, C.; Chapman, B.P. "Stress regulation as a mechanism linking executive function and pre-frailty". Journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging. 2015; .

Current Appointments

Associate Professor - Department of Psychiatry, Research (SMD) - Primary


PhD | University of North Texas2005