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Thomas Foster

TitleProfessor
InstitutionSchool of Medicine and Dentistry
DepartmentImaging Sciences
AddressUniversity of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
601 Elmwood Ave, Box 648
Rochester NY 14642
Other Positions
TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Rochester, River Campus
DepartmentThe Institute of Optics

TitleProfessor
InstitutionSchool of Medicine and Dentistry
DepartmentBiomedical Engineering

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of Rochester, River Campus
DepartmentPhysics & Astronomy A&S

 
 Awards And Honors
1987     Outstanding Graduate Student Teaching Assistant  | Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester
1991     Shu-Ren Lin Award for Excellence in Radiology Teaching
2001     Fellow  | American Physical Society
2002     Shu-Ren Lin Award for Excellence in Radiology Teaching
2009     University Dean's Award for Meritorious Service in PhD Defenses
2010     Fellow  | American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering
 
 Overview
Professor Foster received his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1983. Following two years at the General Electric Research and Development Center where he worked on magnetic resonance imaging, he came to the University of Rochester and received the Ph.D. in Physics in 1990. He immediately joined the faculty of the University as an Assistant Professor of Radiology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1994 and is currently Professor of Imaging Sciences (formerly Radiology), of Physics, of Optics, of Biomedical Engineering, and of Oncology. From 2001 – 2008, Professor Foster was an Associate Editor of the journal Photochemistry and Photobiology, and from 2004 – 2008 served as a member of the National Institutes of Health Radiation Therapeutics and Biology Study Section. He was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 2001 and a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering in 2010. He currently serves on the Editorial Board of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and as a member of the Research Program Committee of the Canadian Institute of Photonic Innovation.

 
 Selected Publications
List All   |   Timeline
  1. Baran TM, Foster TH. Comparison of flat cleaved and cylindrical diffusing fibers as treatment sources for interstitial photodynamic therapy. Med Phys. 2014 Feb; 41(2):022701.
    View in: PubMed
  2. Baran TM, Fenn MC, Foster TH. Determination of optical properties by interstitial white light spectroscopy using a custom fiber optic probe. J Biomed Opt. 2013 Oct 1; 18(10):107007.
    View in: PubMed
  3. Mitra S, Modi KD, Foster TH. Enzyme-activatable imaging probe reveals enhanced neutrophil elastase activity in tumors following photodynamic therapy. J Biomed Opt. 2013 Oct; 18(10):101314.
    View in: PubMed
  4. Haidaris CG, Foster TH, Waldman DL, Mathes EJ, McNamara J, Curran T. Effective photodynamic therapy against microbial populations in human deep tissue abscess aspirates. Lasers Surg Med. 2013 Oct; 45(8):509-16.
    View in: PubMed
  5. Baran TM, Foster TH. Recovery of intrinsic fluorescence from single-point interstitial measurements for quantification of doxorubicin concentration. Lasers Surg Med. 2013 Oct; 45(8):542-50.
    View in: PubMed
  6. Zeitouni NC, Paquette AD, Housel JP, Shi Y, Wilding GE, Foster TH, Henderson BW. A retrospective review of pain control by a two-step irradiance schedule during topical ALA-photodynamic therapy of non-melanoma skin cancer. Lasers Surg Med. 2013 Feb; 45(2):89-94.
    View in: PubMed
  7. Baran TM, Wilson JD, Mitra S, Yao JL, Messing EM, Waldman DL, Foster TH. Optical property measurements establish the feasibility of photodynamic therapy as a minimally invasive intervention for tumors of the kidney. J Biomed Opt. 2012 Sep 28; 17(9):98002-1.
    View in: PubMed
  8. Mitra S, Mironov O, Foster TH. Confocal fluorescence imaging enables noninvasive quantitative assessment of host cell populations in vivo following photodynamic therapy. Theranostics. 2012; 2(9):840-9.
    View in: PubMed
  9. Baran TM, Foster TH. Fluence rate-dependent photobleaching of intratumorally administered Pc 4 does not predict tumor growth delay. Photochem Photobiol. 2012 Sep-Oct; 88(5):1273-9.
    View in: PubMed
  10. Snell SB, Foster TH, Haidaris CG. Miconazole induces fungistasis and increases killing of Candida albicans subjected to photodynamic therapy. Photochem Photobiol. 2012 May-Jun; 88(3):596-603.
    View in: PubMed
  11. Mitra S, Giesselman BR, De Jesús-Andino FJ, Foster TH. Tumor response to mTHPC-mediated photodynamic therapy exhibits strong correlation with extracellular release of HSP70. Lasers Surg Med. 2011 Sep; 43(7):632-43.
    View in: PubMed
  12. Baran TM, Foster TH. New Monte Carlo model of cylindrical diffusing fibers illustrates axially heterogeneous fluorescence detection: simulation and experimental validation. J Biomed Opt. 2011 Aug; 16(8):085003.
    View in: PubMed
  13. Canavesi C, Cassarly WJ, Foster TH, Rolland JP. Lightpipe device for delivery of uniform illumination for photodynamic therapy of the oral cavity. Appl Opt. 2011 Jun 1; 50(16):2322-5.
    View in: PubMed
  14. Agostinis P, Berg K, Cengel KA, Foster TH, Girotti AW, Gollnick SO, Hahn SM, Hamblin MR, Juzeniene A, Kessel D, Korbelik M, Moan J, Mroz P, Nowis D, Piette J, Wilson BC, Golab J. Photodynamic therapy of cancer: an update. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011 Jul-Aug; 61(4):250-81.
    View in: PubMed
  15. Mitra S, Haidaris CG, Snell SB, Giesselman BR, Hupcher SM, Foster TH. Effective photosensitization and selectivity in vivo of Candida Albicans by meso-tetra (N-methyl-4-pyridyl) porphine tetra tosylate. Lasers Surg Med. 2011 Apr; 43(4):324-32.
    View in: PubMed
  16. Canavesi C, Fournier F, Cassarly WJ, Foster TH, Rolland JP. Illumination devices for photodynamic therapy of the oral cavity. Biomed Opt Express. 2010; 1(5):1480-90.
    View in: PubMed
  17. Baran TM, Giesselman BR, Hu R, Biel MA, Foster TH. Factors influencing tumor response to photodynamic therapy sensitized by intratumor administration of methylene blue. Lasers Surg Med. 2010 Oct; 42(8):728-35.
    View in: PubMed
  18. Kasischke KA, Lambert EM, Panepento B, Sun A, Gelbard HA, Burgess RW, Foster TH, Nedergaard M. Two-photon NADH imaging exposes boundaries of oxygen diffusion in cortical vascular supply regions. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2011 Jan; 31(1):68-81.
    View in: PubMed
  19. Garrier J, Bressenot A, Gräfe S, Marchal S, Mitra S, Foster TH, Guillemin F, Bezdetnaya L. Compartmental targeting for mTHPC-based photodynamic treatment in vivo: Correlation of efficiency, pharmacokinetics, and regional distribution of apoptosis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Oct 1; 78(2):563-71.
    View in: PubMed
  20. Foster TH, Giesselman BR, Hu R, Kenney ME, Mitra S. Intratumor administration of the photosensitizer pc 4 affords photodynamic therapy efficacy and selectivity at short drug-light intervals. Transl Oncol. 2010 Apr; 3(2):135-41.
    View in: PubMed
  21. Chabrier-Roselló Y, Giesselman BR, De Jesús-Andino FJ, Foster TH, Mitra S, Haidaris CG. Inhibition of electron transport chain assembly and function promotes photodynamic killing of Candida. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2010 Jun 1; 99(3):117-25.
    View in: PubMed
  22. Mitra S, Dolan K, Foster TH, Wellington M. Imaging morphogenesis of Candida albicans during infection in a live animal. J Biomed Opt. 2010 Jan-Feb; 15(1):010504.
    View in: PubMed
  23. Wang KK, Cottrell WJ, Mitra S, Oseroff AR, Foster TH. Simulations of measured photobleaching kinetics in human basal cell carcinomas suggest blood flow reductions during ALA-PDT. Lasers Surg Med. 2009 Nov; 41(9):686-96.
    View in: PubMed
  24. Cummings RJ, Mitra S, Foster TH, Lord EM. Migration of skin dendritic cells in response to ionizing radiation exposure. Radiat Res. 2009 Jun; 171(6):687-97.
    View in: PubMed
  25. Klein MI, Duarte S, Xiao J, Mitra S, Foster TH, Koo H. Structural and molecular basis of the role of starch and sucrose in Streptococcus mutans biofilm development. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009 Feb; 75(3):837-41.
    View in: PubMed
  26. Kinkade CW, Castillo-Martin M, Puzio-Kuter A, Yan J, Foster TH, Gao H, Sun Y, Ouyang X, Gerald WL, Cordon-Cardo C, Abate-Shen C. Targeting AKT/mTOR and ERK MAPK signaling inhibits hormone-refractory prostate cancer in a preclinical mouse model. J Clin Invest. 2008 Sep; 118(9):3051-64.
    View in: PubMed
  27. Wang KK, Mitra S, Foster TH. Photodynamic dose does not correlate with long-term tumor response to mTHPC-PDT performed at several drug-light intervals. Med Phys. 2008 Aug; 35(8):3518-26.
    View in: PubMed
  28. Cottrell WJ, Paquette AD, Keymel KR, Foster TH, Oseroff AR. Irradiance-dependent photobleaching and pain in delta-aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy of superficial basal cell carcinomas. Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Jul 15; 14(14):4475-83.
    View in: PubMed
  29. Cummings RJ, Mitra S, Lord EM, Foster TH. Antibody-labeled fluorescence imaging of dendritic cell populations in vivo. J Biomed Opt. 2008 Jul-Aug; 13(4):044041.
    View in: PubMed
  30. Mitra S, Foster TH. In vivo confocal fluorescence imaging of the intratumor distribution of the photosensitizer mono-L-aspartylchlorin-e6. Neoplasia. 2008 May; 10(5):429-38.
    View in: PubMed
  31. Lee TK, Baron ED, Foster TH. Monitoring Pc 4 photodynamic therapy in clinical trials of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma using noninvasive spectroscopy. J Biomed Opt. 2008 May-Jun; 13(3):030507.
    View in: PubMed
  32. Seshadri M, Bellnier DA, Vaughan LA, Spernyak JA, Mazurchuk R, Foster TH, Henderson BW. Light delivery over extended time periods enhances the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2008 May 1; 14(9):2796-805.
    View in: PubMed
  33. Chabrier-Roselló Y, Foster TH, Mitra S, Haidaris CG. Respiratory deficiency enhances the sensitivity of the pathogenic fungus Candida to photodynamic treatment. Photochem Photobiol. 2008 Sep-Oct; 84(5):1141-8.
    View in: PubMed
  34. Won JH, Cottrell WJ, Foster TH, Yule DI. Ca2+ release dynamics in parotid and pancreatic exocrine acinar cells evoked by spatially limited flash photolysis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Dec; 293(6):G1166-77.
    View in: PubMed
  35. Wilson JD, Giesselman BR, Mitra S, Foster TH. Lysosome-damage-induced scattering changes coincide with release of cytochrome c. Opt Lett. 2007 Sep 1; 32(17):2517-9.
    View in: PubMed
  36. Wang KK, Wilson JD, Kenney ME, Mitra S, Foster TH. Irradiation-induced enhancement of Pc 4 fluorescence and changes in light scattering are potential dosimeters for Pc 4-PDT. Photochem Photobiol. 2007 Sep-Oct; 83(5):1056-62.
    View in: PubMed
  37. Cottrell WJ, Wilson JD, Foster TH. Microscope enabling multimodality imaging, angle-resolved scattering, and scattering spectroscopy. Opt Lett. 2007 Aug 15; 32(16):2348-50.
    View in: PubMed
  38. Wilson JD, Foster TH. Characterization of lysosomal contribution to whole-cell light scattering by organelle ablation. J Biomed Opt. 2007 May-Jun; 12(3):030503.
    View in: PubMed
  39. Santos K, Simon DA, Conway E, Bowers WJ, Mitra S, Foster TH, Lugade A, Lord EM, Federoff HJ, Dewhurst S, Frelinger JG. Spatial and temporal expression of herpes simplex virus type 1 amplicon-encoded genes: implications for their use as immunization vectors. Hum Gene Ther. 2007 Feb; 18(2):93-105.
    View in: PubMed
  40. Wilson JD, Cottrell WJ, Foster TH. Index-of-refraction-dependent subcellular light scattering observed with organelle-specific dyes. J Biomed Opt. 2007 Jan-Feb; 12(1):014010.
    View in: PubMed
  41. Wang KK, Mitra S, Foster TH. A comprehensive mathematical model of microscopic dose deposition in photodynamic therapy. Med Phys. 2007 Jan; 34(1):282-93.
    View in: PubMed
  42. Mitra S, Cassar SE, Niles DJ, Puskas JA, Frelinger JG, Foster TH. Photodynamic therapy mediates the oxygen-independent activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha. Mol Cancer Ther. 2006 Dec; 5(12):3268-74.
    View in: PubMed
  43. Bigelow CE, Foster TH. Confocal fluorescence polarization microscopy in turbid media: effects of scattering-induced depolarization. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2006 Nov; 23(11):2932-43.
    View in: PubMed
  44. Gerber SA, Rybalko VY, Bigelow CE, Lugade AA, Foster TH, Frelinger JG, Lord EM. Preferential attachment of peritoneal tumor metastases to omental immune aggregates and possible role of a unique vascular microenvironment in metastatic survival and growth. Am J Pathol. 2006 Nov; 169(5):1739-52.
    View in: PubMed
  45. Foster TH, Pearson BD, Mitra S, Bigelow CE. Fluorescence anisotropy imaging reveals localization of meso-tetrahydroxyphenyl chlorin in the nuclear envelope. Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Nov-Dec; 81(6):1544-7.
    View in: PubMed
  46. Chabrier-Roselló Y, Foster TH, Pérez-Nazario N, Mitra S, Haidaris CG. Sensitivity of Candida albicans germ tubes and biofilms to photofrin-mediated phototoxicity. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2005 Oct; 49(10):4288-95.
    View in: PubMed
  47. Wilson JD, Foster TH. Mie theory interpretations of light scattering from intact cells. Opt Lett. 2005 Sep 15; 30(18):2442-4.
    View in: PubMed
  48. Mitra S, Maugain E, Bolotine L, Guillemin F, Foster TH. Temporally and spatially heterogeneous distribution of mTHPC in a murine tumor observed by two-color confocal fluorescence imaging and spectroscopy in a whole-mount model. Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Sep-Oct; 81(5):1123-30.
    View in: PubMed
  49. Mitra S, Foster TH. Photophysical parameters, photosensitizer retention and tissue optical properties completely account for the higher photodynamic efficacy of meso-tetra-hydroxyphenyl-chlorin vs Photofrin. Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Jul-Aug; 81(4):849-59.
    View in: PubMed
  50. Finlay JC, Foster TH. Recovery of hemoglobin oxygen saturation and intrinsic fluorescence with a forward-adjoint model. Appl Opt. 2005 Apr 1; 44(10):1917-33.
    View in: PubMed
  51. Wilson JD, Bigelow CE, Calkins DJ, Foster TH. Light scattering from intact cells reports oxidative-stress-induced mitochondrial swelling. Biophys J. 2005 Apr; 88(4):2929-38.
    View in: PubMed
  52. Finlay JC, Mitra S, Patterson MS, Foster TH. Photobleaching kinetics of Photofrin in vivo and in multicell tumour spheroids indicate two simultaneous bleaching mechanisms. Phys Med Biol. 2004 Nov 7; 49(21):4837-60.
    View in: PubMed
  53. Bigelow CE, Vishwasrao HD, Frelinger JG, Foster TH. Imaging enzyme activity with polarization-sensitive confocal fluorescence microscopy. J Microsc. 2004 Jul; 215(Pt 1):24-33.
    View in: PubMed
  54. Finlay JC, Foster TH. Hemoglobin oxygen saturations in phantoms and in vivo from measurements of steady-state diffuse reflectance at a single, short source-detector separation. Med Phys. 2004 Jul; 31(7):1949-59.
    View in: PubMed
  55. Bliss JM, Bigelow CE, Foster TH, Haidaris CG. Susceptibility of Candida species to photodynamic effects of photofrin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Jun; 48(6):2000-6.
    View in: PubMed
  56. Mitra S, Foster TH. Carbogen breathing significantly enhances the penetration of red light in murine tumours in vivo. Phys Med Biol. 2004 May 21; 49(10):1891-904.
    View in: PubMed
  57. Finlay JC, Foster TH. Effect of pigment packaging on diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of samples containing red blood cells. Opt Lett. 2004 May 1; 29(9):965-7.
    View in: PubMed
  58. Mitra S, Goren EM, Frelinger JG, Foster TH. Activation of heat shock protein 70 promoter with meso-tetrahydroxyphenyl chlorin photodynamic therapy reported by green fluorescent protein in vitro and in vivo. Photochem Photobiol. 2003 Dec; 78(6):615-22.
    View in: PubMed
  59. Bigelow CE, Conover DL, Foster TH. Confocal fluorescence spectroscopy and anisotropy imaging system. Opt Lett. 2003 May 1; 28(9):695-7.
    View in: PubMed
  60. Nakai K, Numaguchi Y, Foster TH, Shima K, Kikuchi M. Endovascular treatment using low-power ultraviolet laser for delayed vasospasm in the rabbit carotid artery model. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Nov-Dec; 23(10):1725-31.
    View in: PubMed
  61. Coutier S, Bezdetnaya LN, Foster TH, Parache RM, Guillemin F. Effect of irradiation fluence rate on the efficacy of photodynamic therapy and tumor oxygenation in meta-tetra (hydroxyphenyl) chlorin (mTHPC)-sensitized HT29 xenografts in nude mice. Radiat Res. 2002 Sep; 158(3):339-45.
    View in: PubMed
  62. Larkin JM, Donaldson WR, Knox RS, Foster TH. Reverse intersystem crossing in rose bengal. II. Fluence dependence of fluorescence following 532 nm laser excitation. Photochem Photobiol. 2002 Mar; 75(3):221-8.
    View in: PubMed
  63. Finlay JC, Mitra S, Foster TH. In vivo mTHPC photobleaching in normal rat skin exhibits unique irradiance-dependent features. Photochem Photobiol. 2002 Mar; 75(3):282-8.
    View in: PubMed
  64. Bigelow CE, Mitra S, Knuechel R, Foster TH. ALA- and ALA-hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX fluorescence and distribution in multicell tumour spheroids. Br J Cancer. 2001 Sep 1; 85(5):727-34.
    View in: PubMed
  65. Mitra S, Finlay JC, McNeill D, Conover DL, Foster TH. Photochemical oxygen consumption, oxygen evolution and spectral changes during UVA irradiation of EMT6 spheroids. Photochem Photobiol. 2001 Jun; 73(6):703-8.
    View in: PubMed
  66. Coutier S, Mitra S, Bezdetnaya LN, Parache RM, Georgakoudi I, Foster TH, Guillemin F. Effects of fluence rate on cell survival and photobleaching in meta-tetra-(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin-photosensitized Colo 26 multicell tumor spheroids. Photochem Photobiol. 2001 Mar; 73(3):297-303.
    View in: PubMed
  67. Finlay JC, Conover DL, Hull EL, Foster TH. Porphyrin bleaching and PDT-induced spectral changes are irradiance dependent in ALA-sensitized normal rat skin in vivo. Photochem Photobiol. 2001 Jan; 73(1):54-63.
    View in: PubMed
  68. Conover DL, Fenton BM, Foster TH, Hull EL. An evaluation of near infrared spectroscopy and cryospectrophotometry estimates of haemoglobin oxygen saturation in a rodent mammary tumour model. Phys Med Biol. 2000 Sep; 45(9):2685-700.
    View in: PubMed
  69. Mitra S, Foster TH. Photochemical oxygen consumption sensitized by a porphyrin phosphorescent probe in two model systems. Biophys J. 2000 May; 78(5):2597-605.
    View in: PubMed
  70. Hull EL, Conover DL, Foster TH. Carbogen-induced changes in rat mammary tumour oxygenation reported by near infrared spectroscopy. Br J Cancer. 1999 Apr; 79(11-12):1709-16.
    View in: PubMed
  71. Georgakoudi I, Keng PC, Foster TH. Hypoxia significantly reduces aminolaevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX synthesis in EMT6 cells. Br J Cancer. 1999 Mar; 79(9-10):1372-7.
    View in: PubMed
  72. Hull EL, Nichols MG, Foster TH. Quantitative broadband near-infrared spectroscopy of tissue-simulating phantoms containing erythrocytes. Phys Med Biol. 1998 Nov; 43(11):3381-404.
    View in: PubMed
  73. Georgakoudi I, Foster TH. Effects of the subcellular redistribution of two nile blue derivatives on photodynamic oxygen consumption. Photochem Photobiol. 1998 Jul; 68(1):115-22.
    View in: PubMed
  74. Georgakoudi I, Foster TH. Singlet oxygen- versus nonsinglet oxygen-mediated mechanisms of sensitizer photobleaching and their effects on photodynamic dosimetry. Photochem Photobiol. 1998 Jun; 67(6):612-25.
    View in: PubMed
  75. Hull EL, Nichols MG, Foster TH. Localization of Luminescent Inhomogeneities in Turbid Media with Spatially Resolved Measurements of cw Diffuse Luminescence Emittance. Appl Opt. 1998 May 1; 37(13):2755-65.
    View in: PubMed
  76. Gibson SL, Havens JJ, Foster TH, Hilf R. Time-dependent intracellular accumulation of delta-aminolevulinic acid, induction of porphyrin synthesis and subsequent phototoxicity. Photochem Photobiol. 1997 Mar; 65(3):416-21.
    View in: PubMed
  77. Georgakoudi I, Nichols MG, Foster TH. The mechanism of Photofrin photobleaching and its consequences for photodynamic dosimetry. Photochem Photobiol. 1997 Jan; 65(1):135-44.
    View in: PubMed
  78. Nichols MG, Hull EL, Foster TH. Design and testing of a white-light, steady-state diffuse reflectance spectrometer for determination of optical properties of highly scattering systems. Appl Opt. 1997 Jan 1; 36(1):93-104.
    View in: PubMed
  79. Foster TH, Gibson SL, Raubertas RF. Response of Photofrin-sensitised mesothelioma xenografts to photodynamic therapy with 514 nm light. Br J Cancer. 1996 Apr; 73(8):933-6.
    View in: PubMed
  80. Hua Z, Gibson SL, Foster TH, Hilf R. Effectiveness of delta-aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin as a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy in vivo. Cancer Res. 1995 Apr 15; 55(8):1723-31.
    View in: PubMed
  81. Gibson SL, Nguyen ML, Foster TH, White G, Hilf R. Efficacy of photodynamic therapy on original and recurrent rat mammary tumors. Photochem Photobiol. 1995 Feb; 61(2):196-9.
    View in: PubMed
  82. Nichols MG, Foster TH. Oxygen diffusion and reaction kinetics in the photodynamic therapy of multicell tumour spheroids. Phys Med Biol. 1994 Dec; 39(12):2161-81.
    View in: PubMed
  83. Kennedy SD, Szczepaniak LS, Gibson SL, Hilf R, Foster TH, Bryant RG. Quantitative MRI of Gd-DTPA uptake in tumors: response to photodynamic therapy. Magn Reson Med. 1994 Mar; 31(3):292-301.
    View in: PubMed
  84. Gibson SL, Foster TH, Feins RH, Raubertas RF, Fallon MA, Hilf R. Effects of photodynamic therapy on xenografts of human mesothelioma and rat mammary carcinoma in nude mice. Br J Cancer. 1994 Mar; 69(3):473-81.
    View in: PubMed
  85. Foster TH, Hartley DF, Nichols MG, Hilf R. Fluence rate effects in photodynamic therapy of multicell tumor spheroids. Cancer Res. 1993 Mar 15; 53(6):1249-54.
    View in: PubMed
  86. Sporn LA, Foster TH. Photofrin and light induces microtubule depolymerization in cultured human endothelial cells. Cancer Res. 1992 Jun 15; 52(12):3443-8.
    View in: PubMed
  87. Foster TH, Gao L. Dosimetry in photodynamic therapy: oxygen and the critical importance of capillary density. Radiat Res. 1992 Jun; 130(3):379-83.
    View in: PubMed
  88. Foster TH. Tissue conductivity modifies the magnetic resonance intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio at high frequencies. Magn Reson Med. 1992 Feb; 23(2):383-5.
    View in: PubMed
  89. Foster TH, Primavera MC, Marder VJ, Hilf R, Sporn LA. Photosensitized release of von Willebrand factor from cultured human endothelial cells. Cancer Res. 1991 Jun 15; 51(12):3261-6.
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  90. Foster TH, Murant RS, Bryant RG, Knox RS, Gibson SL, Hilf R. Oxygen consumption and diffusion effects in photodynamic therapy. Radiat Res. 1991 Jun; 126(3):296-303.
    View in: PubMed
  91. Ketonen L, Totterman S, Simon JH, Foster TH, Kido DK, Szumowski J, Joy SE. A comparison of default and reduced bandwidth MR imaging of the spine at 1.5 T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1990 Jan-Feb; 11(1):9-15.
    View in: PubMed
  92. Totterman S, Francis CW, Foster TH, Brenner B, Marder VJ, Bryant RG. Diagnosis of femoropopliteal venous thrombosis with MR imaging: a comparison of four MR pulse sequences. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Jan; 154(1):175-8.
    View in: PubMed
  93. Totterman S, Foster TH, Plewes DB, Simon JH, Ekholm S, Wicks A. Dual cervical thoracic coil for spine magnetic resonance imaging. Acta Radiol. 1989 Nov-Dec; 30(6):661-4.
    View in: PubMed
  94. Simon JH, Foster TH, Ketonen L, Totterman S, Szumowski J, Kido DK, Manzione JV, Joy SE. Reduced-bandwidth MR imaging of the head at 1.5 T1. Radiology. 1989 Sep; 172(3):771-5.
    View in: PubMed
  95. Francis CW, Foster TH, Totterman S, Brenner B, Marder VJ, Bryant RG. Monitoring of therapy for deep vein thrombosis using magnetic resonance imaging. Acta Radiol. 1989 Jul-Aug; 30(4):445-6.
    View in: PubMed
  96. Daniels DL, Kneeland JB, Shimakawa A, Pojunas KW, Schenck JF, Hart H, Foster T, Williams AL, Haughton VM. MR imaging of the optic nerve and sheath: correcting the chemical shift misregistration effect. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1986 Mar-Apr; 7(2):249-53.
    View in: PubMed
  97. Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Hussain MA. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging using surface coils. Magn Reson Annu. 1986; 123-60.
    View in: PubMed
  98. Bottomley PA, Rogers HH, Foster TH. NMR imaging shows water distribution and transport in plant root systems in situ. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Jan; 83(1):87-9.
    View in: PubMed
  99. Katzberg RW, Bessette RW, Tallents RH, Plewes DB, Manzione JV, Schenck JF, Foster TH, Hart HR. Normal and abnormal temporomandibular joint: MR imaging with surface coil. Radiology. 1986 Jan; 158(1):183-9.
    View in: PubMed
  100. Bilaniuk LT, Schenck JF, Zimmerman RA, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Goldberg HI, Grossman RI. Ocular and orbital lesions: surface coil MR imaging. Radiology. 1985 Sep; 156(3):669-74.
    View in: PubMed
  101. Daniels DL, Schenck JF, Foster T, Hart H, Millen SJ, Meyer GA, Pech P, Shaffer KA, Haughton VM. Surface-coil magnetic resonance imaging of the internal auditory canal. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Sep; 145(3):469-72.
    View in: PubMed
  102. Daniels DL, Schenck JF, Foster T, Hart H, Millen SJ, Meyer GA, Pech P, Haughton VM. Magnetic resonance imaging of the jugular foramen. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1985 Sep-Oct; 6(5):699-703.
    View in: PubMed
  103. Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT, Yanoff M, Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Redington RW, Hardy CJ. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Ophthalmol. 1985 Aug 15; 100(2):312-7.
    View in: PubMed
  104. Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Redington RW, Hardy CJ, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT. Improved MR imaging of the orbit at 1.5 T with surface coils. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 May; 144(5):1033-6.
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  105. Bottomley PA, Edelstein WA, Foster TH, Adams WA. In vivo solvent-suppressed localized hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a window to metabolism? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Apr; 82(7):2148-52.
    View in: PubMed
  106. Katzberg RW, Schenck J, Roberts D, Tallents RH, Manzione JV, Hart HR, Foster TH, Wayne WS, Bessette RW. Magnetic resonance imaging of the temporomandibular joint meniscus. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1985 Apr; 59(4):332-5.
    View in: PubMed
  107. Roberts D, Schenck J, Joseph P, Foster T, Hart H, Pettigrew J, Kundel HL, Edelstein W, Haber B. Temporomandibular joint: magnetic resonance imaging. Radiology. 1985 Mar; 154(3):829-30.
    View in: PubMed
  108. Schenck JF, Foster TH, Henkes JL, Adams WJ, Hayes C, Hart HR, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Wehrli FW. High-field surface-coil MR imaging of localized anatomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1985 Mar-Apr; 6(2):181-6.
    View in: PubMed
  109. Edelstein WA, Schenck JF, Hart HR, Hardy CJ, Foster TH, Bottomley PA. Surface coil magnetic resonance imaging. JAMA. 1985 Feb 8; 253(6):828.
    View in: PubMed
  110. Bottomley PA, Foster TH, Leue WM. In vivo nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift imaging by selective irradiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 Nov; 81(21):6856-60.
    View in: PubMed
  111. Bottomley PA, Foster TH, Argersinger RE, Pfeifer LM. A review of normal tissue hydrogen NMR relaxation times and relaxation mechanisms from 1-100 MHz: dependence on tissue type, NMR frequency, temperature, species, excision, and age. Med Phys. 1984 Jul-Aug; 11(4):425-48.
    View in: PubMed
  112. Bottomley PA, Foster TH, Leue WM. Chemical imaging of the brain by NMR. Lancet. 1984 May 19; 1(8386):1120.
    View in: PubMed

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