Strong Dysplasia Clinic Anal dysplasia is a condition in which some of the cells within the anus have changed into abnormal cells. These changes are often caused by exposure to the human papilloma virus (HPV). Left untreated, anal dysplasia can lead to anal cancer. The Strong Dysplasia Clinic provides diagnostics and tools to treat anal dysplasia and to help patients avoid anal cancer. There are several risk factors that increase your chances of anal dysplasia: Exposure to the human papilloma virus (HPV). Having many sexual partners. Anal sex. Drugs that suppress the immune system Older adults and people who smoke also have an increased risk of anal dysplasia. How we test for anal dysplasia The Strong Dysplasia Clinic offers the very latest diagnostics for detecting anal dysplasia. Anal Pap. A swab is used to collect some of the surface cells from within the anus. These cells are then examined under a microscope to check for any abnormalities. High Resolution Anoscopy (HRA). A thin tool called an anoscope is inserted into the anus. A video colopscope is then used to magnify the images within the anus and to help your doctor identify any abnormal cells. Anal Biopsy. If there are any lesions in the anus, a biopsy—a small sample of cells—will be taken for further examination. This will help to identify the best treatment. Biopsies can be performed during the HRA procedure. Pain after a biopsy is minimal and can generally be treated with Tylenol or Motrin. How we treat anal dysplasia When anal dysplasia is treated early, it can prevent anal cancer. At the Strong Dysplasia Clinic, we offer the most effective treatment for anal dysplasia: Infrared Cautery. Infrared Cautery (IRC) uses short bursts of infrared light to destroy—or “ablate”—abnormal cells. IRC is performed during an office visit. It is nearly painless and causes minimal bleeding. We use a local anesthetic to keep you comfortable during the procedure. No suppositories or enemas are required ahead of time. Two or three treatments may be needed to ensure that all abnormal cells have been destroyed. After you have had Infrared Cautery for anal dysplasia, you will need regular anal pap tests or HRA to ensure that you have no further issues. About our clinic. If you are concerned about anal dysplasia, please talk to us. We understand your worries, and we are committed to giving you the most advanced, private and compassionate care possible. The Strong Dysplasia Clinic is located in the Ambulatory Center, 2nd floor at Strong Memorial Hospital. Parking is free in the hospital ramp garage. To make an appointment at the URMC Dysplasia Clinic, please call 585-275-2159.