Pneumococcal Infection in Children
What is pneumococcal infection?
Pneumococcal infection is caused by the pneumococcus bacteria. It can cause serious
illness in children, including pneumonia, infection in the blood, and meningitis (infection
in the tissues around the brain and spinal cord). In young children, pneumococcal
infection often causes ear infections, which can very rarely lead to more serious
complications, such as meningitis.
Can I prevent pneumococcal infection?
The best way to prevent pneumococcal disease is by getting vaccinated. The pneumococcal
vaccine is a shot that helps protect against some of the many types of pneumococcal
bacteria. There are currently 2 types of vaccines:
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13 or Prevnar). This vaccine protects against the 13 types of pneumococcal that causes severe illness
in children. It can also help prevent some ear infections. PCV13 protects children
by preparing their bodies to fight the bacteria. Adults with certain medical conditions
can also get this vaccine.
Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23). This vaccine protects against 23 types of bacteria. Talk with your child's health
care provider about whether or not your child is high-risk.
It is also important to get a flu shot every year because having the flu increases
your risk of getting pneumococcal disease.
When is PCV13 given?
PCV13 is one of the routine childhood immunizations. It is given as a series at the
12 to 15 months
Children between 2 to 4 years who have not had the vaccine or who have not finished
the series of 4 doses should get one dose of PCV13.
What are the risks from PCV13?
A vaccine, like any medication, is capable of causing serious problems, such as severe
allergic reactions. However, the most common reactions to PCV13 include the following:
Pain and redness at the location where shot was given
An allergic reaction would most likely occur within a few minutes to a few hours of
the shot. Signs of an allergic reaction may include difficulty breathing, wheezing,
(squeaking sounds while breathing due to tight airways), weakness, fast heartbeat,
hives, and paleness. Report these or any other unusual signs immediately to your child's
health care provider.
How do I care for my child after immunization with PCV13?