URMC / Burn & Trauma Center / Glossary of Terms Glossary of Terms Related to Burn and Trauma Treatment Arterial Line A catheter placed into an artery to continuously monitor blood pressure. We take blood samples from these lines to assess breathing. Central Line A large catheter placed into a vein in the neck or groin to deliver IV fluids and medications. Endotracheal Tube A tube placed into the mouth or nose, through the trachea (wind pipe), and to the lungs. The tube connects to a ventilator. Because it passes through the vocal cords (voice box), the patient will not be able to talk. The procedure for placement of the tube is called intubation. I.V. (Intravenous Catheter) A small catheter placed into a vein to deliver fluids or medications. It must be removed and replaced every three days. Intravenous Pump A machine that delivers medication or fluid into a vein. Intubation Putting a tube into the trachea to help a patient breathe. Monitor A machine at the bedside that checks a patient's heart rhythm and/or blood pressure and respiratory status. Tracheostomy A surgical opening in the neck into the trachea that allows us to insert a tube. The tube may be connected to a ventilator. We sometimes do this after a patient has had an endotracheal tube for a long period of time. Tube Feedings Liquid nutrition delivered through a feeding tube that passes through the nose and into the stomach. Ventilator (Respirator) A machine that helps a patient breathe.