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URMC / Burn & Trauma Center / Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms Related to Burn and Trauma Treatment

Arterial Line
A catheter placed into an artery to continuously monitor blood pressure. We take blood samples from these lines to assess breathing.
Central Line
A large catheter placed into a vein in the neck or groin to deliver IV fluids and medications.
Endotracheal Tube
A tube placed into the mouth or nose, through the trachea (wind pipe), and to the lungs.  The tube connects to a ventilator. Because it passes through the vocal cords (voice box), the patient will not be able to talk. The procedure for placement of the tube is called intubation.
I.V. (Intravenous Catheter)
A small catheter placed into a vein to deliver fluids or medications. It must be removed and replaced every three days.
Intravenous Pump
A machine that delivers medication or fluid into a vein.
Putting a tube into the trachea to help a patient breathe.
A machine at the bedside that checks a patient's heart rhythm and/or blood pressure and respiratory status.
A surgical opening in the neck into the trachea that allows us to insert a tube. The tube may be connected to a ventilator. We sometimes do this after a patient has had an endotracheal tube for a long period of time.
Tube Feedings
Liquid nutrition delivered through a feeding tube that passes through the nose and into the stomach.
Ventilator (Respirator)
A machine that helps a patient breathe.