Bone and soft tissue cancer diagnostics. The Wilmot Cancer Center uses the most advanced technologies for diagnosing bone and soft tissue cancer, as well as for staging cancer—determining how advanced the cancer is. The diagnosis of orthopaedic cancer may involve imaging or a biopsy. Our center offers a complete range of imaging diagnostics all under one roof. These include MRI, CT scans, PET scans and x-rays. We also provide two types of biopsies for bone and soft tissue cancer: needle biopsies and open biopsies. A needle biopsy involves inserting a thin needle into the bone to extract a sample of a tumor’s cells. At Wilmot, we often perform image-guided needle biopsies. This means that we use imaging technology such as a CT scan or MRI to guide the needle during your biopsy. This approach ensures a more precise sampling of a tumor’s cells. An open biopsy involves surgery that exposes the affected tissue, allowing the surgeon to take a sample of cells. At Wilmot, open biopsies are performed by orthopaedic surgeons who are specialists in bone and soft tissue cancer. As a result, they have the expertise to minimize damage to your bone so it can better handle any future surgeries. All tissue samples are examined by specialists in orthopaedic pathology. These pathologists examine bone and soft tissue samples almost exclusively, so they are better able to provide an accurate diagnosis.