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Before engraftment, the stem cells migrate to the bone marrow and start producing healthy blood cells. The process may take several days to weeks. When the white blood cells return, this is called engraftment.

During this time, patients will continue to be treated by the care team in our center, receiving:

  • Antibiotics to prevent infection
  • Blood transfusions of red blood cells and platelets to prevent bleeding
  • Medication to prevent post-transplant diseases, such as infection or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
  • Daily blood tests to determine if the stem cells have engrafted
  • Daily monitoring of vital signs