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Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) and Antimicrobial Use Prevalence Survey

Purpose

Healthcare infectionsThe primary objectives of the HAI/antimicrobial use prevalence survey effort are to:

  1. Estimate HAI prevalence in a large sample of inpatients in U.S. acute healthcare facilities
  2. Determine the distribution of HAI by pathogen (including antimicrobial-resistant pathogens) and major infection site
  3. Estimate the prevalence and describe the rationale for antimicrobial use in a large sample of inpatients in U.S. acute healthcare facilities.

Goals and Objectives

  • Estimate of the prevalence of HAIs aggregated across participating hospitals, and distribution of HAIs by major infection site and pathogens (including antimicrobial-resistant pathogens).
  • Estimate of the prevalence of antimicrobial use (expressed as percentage of total inpatients receiving an antimicrobial agent) aggregated across participating hospitals.
  • Estimate of the distribution of antimicrobial use by drug type, rationale and therapeutic site.