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URMC / Coronavirus (COVID-19) / Coronavirus Research / Public Health Sciences

 

Public Health Sciences

Contributing to Our Community

Modeling COVID surge. Starting in March 2020, URMC Public Health Sciences primary and secondary faculty including Drs. Dozier (Chair), Rich, Li and Jones have been leading hospitalization utilization modeling efforts for our community. This effort in collaboration with representatives from Rochester Regional Health System and Common Ground Health, a community regional planning agency, provided critical information to local health system and county leadership to understand potential demands.

Implementation of Community-Wide Symptom Surveillance: ROCCOVID.ORG. With the URMC Health Lab and partners Common Ground Health, Monroe County and Rochester Regional Health System, PHS Chair, Dr. Ann Dozier, has been co-leading a community surveillance effort called ROCCOVIC launched on May 7, 2020. Other PHS faculty including Drs. Rich, Li, Seplaki and vanWijgaarden variously participate in and lead various components of the analytics component.

Modeling of impact on higher education. The above faculty, led by Dr. Seplaki, are also involved with providing public health modeling expertise to the larger campus to assess various scenarios for the return of students in Fall 2020.

Pre-screening clinics. Dr. Fernandez, through her leadership role in the Latino Health Coalition is participating in these clinics is to identify AA and Latinos with early symptoms of COVID-19 to refer them to health clinics for testing and further clinical evaluation.

Geriatrics high-need/high-risk (HNHR) risk score. Dr. Intrator contributed to this VA Office of Mental Health and Suicide Prevention dashboard called SPPRITE for suicide prevention that focuses on COVID patients. HNHR is an important component for older Veterans, and especially those infected with COVID-19.

COVID-19 Science and Care. Dr. Seplaki developed a lecture “History of Pandemics and Vaccination” for this new medical student elective module developed by Dr. Peyre. 

Contributing to Research and Scholarship

12 PHS faculty are involved with grant submissions either as PI or co-investigators, many leveraging off of their existing funding to apply for supplements.

Funding is being sought from several different NIH Institutes including Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Aging (NIA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI ). Other federal funders include Agency for Healthcare Quality (AHRQ), Veterans Administration and Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), Air Force. The American Heart Association is another national funder.

New York State based funding is being sought from the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the  Mother Cabrini Foundation.

Sample of the Titles

  • Use of data from GetWithTheGuidelines and EHR to Investigate Cardiovascular disease outcomes in those infected with COVID-19 (Block)
  • Factors associated with hospitalization, ICU use and death among vulnerable populations diagnosed with COVID-19 (Cai)
  • Supporting Engagement in and Dissemination of PCOR/CER in the Context of COVID-19 (Alio, Dozier)
  • Community Factors of Excess Mortality in the Time of COVID (Hill)
  • Correcting Death Data for Under-Reporting of COVID-19 (Hill)
  • Changes in PM composition in NYS & triggering of acute cardiorespiratory events (Hopke)
  • Air pollution exposure during pregnancy and impacts on placenta development and function (Hopke)
  • The impact of COVID-19 on older Veteran Advanced Care Planning (ACP) Intrator)
  • Impact of public reporting on COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 outcomes among nursing home residents (Li)
  • Tobacco Use/Exposure/Beliefs Related to COVID-19: A US mTurk Survey (Ossip)
  • Tobacco Use/Exposure/Beliefs Related to COVID-19: A NYS Survey (Ossip)
  • Silicon nanomembranes as re-usable filters for PPE stockpiles (Rich)
  • SARS CoV2 infection in children, immune function and their role in transmission (Rich)
  • Triggering of COVID-19 by ambient air pollution, and potential mediation by innate immune pathways (Rich; Hopke)
  • Patient Safety and COVID-19 Outcomes in Assisted Living Communities: Provider and State Pandemic Responsiveness. (Temkin-Greener)
  • Development & Dissemination of Evidence (ENCODE); a pragmatic RCT of targeted dissemination of evidence-based community-adapted messages in empowering vulnerable communities in response to COVID19 (Yousefi Nooraie)

Scholarly Work

In STAT: Social distancing merely stabilized COVID-19 in the US (Dr. Elaine Hill, co-author)

McCormack WT, Bredella MA, David H. Ingbar DH, Jackson RD, Meagher E, Morris C, Nagel J, Pusek S, Rubio DM, Sandberg K, Schnaper HW, Tsevat J, Umans JG, McIntosh S (2020). Immediate Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on CTSA TL1 and KL2 Training and Career Development. Journal of Clinical Translational Science. doi:10.1017/cts.2020.504

Cartujano, Francisco; Cupertino, et. al.The Urgent Need to Address Violence Against Health Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Orlando O. Harris, PhD, RN, MPH, FNP*, Natalie Leblanc, PhD, MPH, RN, Kara McGee, DMS, MSPH, PA-C, AAHIVS, Schenita Randolph, PhD, MPH, RN, CNE, Mitchell J. Wharton, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, CNS, Michael Relf, PhD, RN, AACRN, ANEF, FAAN. Alarm at the Gate—Health and Social Inequalities are Comorbid Conditions of HIV and COVID-19.

Under review

  • It is Time to Address Airborne Transmission of COVID-19 (Dr. Phillip Hopke, co-author)
  • COVID-19 pandemic in nursing homes and impact of nurse staffing level (Drs. Yue Li (primary author) and Helena Temkin-Greener)

Under development

  • Rapid dissemination & implementation of evidence-based, system-level interventions during public health emergencies (Dr. Yousefi Nooraie, co-author)
  • Individual- and group-level network building interventions to address social isolation and loneliness; a scoping review (Dr. Yousefi Nooraie, co-author)