Skip to main content
Explore URMC

UR Medicine


Fluency & Stuttering

Fluency refers to the continuity, smoothness, rate and effort in speech production. Dysfluency or stuttering is a speech disorder that involves a disruption to the flow of speech.  Individuals who struggle with speech fluency knows what he/she would like to say, but is unable to produce the words smoothly.  Dysfluent features of speech production include the following:

  • Repetition of sounds, syllables or words
  • Prolongation of sounds
  • Interruptions or blocks
  • Frequent use of fillers (“like” or “uh”)

Dysfluent speech may also be accompanied by struggle behaviors, such as rapid eye blinks or tremors of the lips.

Speech-Language Pathology Evaluation & Therapy

The University of Rochester Department of Speech Pathology does not offer fluency services at this time.

Referral Sources: 

Services for fluency in the greater Rochester, NY area are provided by the following clinicians:

  • Ms. Susan Cochrane, M.A., CCC-SLP, BCS-F
  • Ms. Enid Hymes, M.S., CCC-SLP
    • 70 Woodleaf Drive, Pittsford, NY
    • Email:
    • Phone: (585) 381-1521 or (585) 721-3437
  • Ms. Angela Poskus, M.A., CCC-SLP
    • Rochester Hearing & Speech Center
    • 1000 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY
    • Email:
    • Website:
    • Phone: (585) 271-0680
  • Dr. Rosemary Lubinski, CCC-SLP
    • University of Buffalo – Dept. of Communication & Sciences
    • 30 Parkwood Drive, Amherst, NY
    • Email:
    • Phone: (716) 984-7548

Additional Information

The Stuttering Foundation:

The American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA):

National Institute for Deafness & Other Communication Disorders: