The objective of the graduate programs in pharmacology and physiology at the University of Rochester is to provide a state-of-the-art learning environment in which students explore the molecular and cellular mechanisms that enable organisms to detect and respond to signaling molecules and pharmacologic agents. We aim to train scientists in molecular and integrative pharmacology and physiology and prepare them for successful careers in independent research and teaching. Each student will acquire the range of technical, analytical, and critical skills required to successfully pursue a research career in academia or in the biotechnology/pharmaceutical industry. The program offers Ph.D. degrees in both pharmacology and physiology and includes courses in basic and advanced biomedical sciences, pharmacology, and physiology; original laboratory research; and the preparation and defense of a doctoral thesis. The Ph.D. degree is awarded upon completion of scholarly work and research described in a publishable dissertation. Our department and program websites are listed below.