Back Pain in Pregnancy
Why is back pain so common in pregnancy?
One of the most common complaints during pregnancy is back pain. In fact, it's estimated
that more than half of all women experience some degree of back discomfort. Most back
pain is related to the physical changes that happen during pregnancy, including hormones,
changes in the center of gravity, and posture. Unfortunately, it typically gets worse
as pregnancy progresses.
What causes back pain during pregnancy?
Throughout pregnancy, hormones affect a woman's muscles and joints. The hormones relaxin
and progesterone relax muscles and loosen ligaments and joints, especially in the
pelvic area. The extra weight and body changes in pregnancy along with these loosened
joints and ligaments can cause discomfort and even lead to injury.
As your uterus grows and becomes heavier, your center of gravity changes. This can
lead to problems with balance and the potential for falls. The weight of your baby
and weakening of abdominal muscles pulls your lower spine forward, adding strain to
back muscles. Many women respond by leaning back in an awkward posture. This increases
back strain and pain.
What can you do?
Some back pain can be prevented:
Try using proper body mechanics. For example, if you need to pick something up, squat
down, bending at your knees and keeping your back straight. Avoid bending over from
Use good posture when sitting or standing and do back-strengthening exercises. Ask
your healthcare provider about back exercises that are right for you.
Avoid activities that strain the back, like lifting and moving heavy objects.
Wear shoes that provide good support.
Sleep on your side with pillows between your knees for support.
Apply heat, cold, or massage to the painful area.
If you are having discomfort, talk with your healthcare provider. Back pain relief
may require rest, supportive garments, or other types of treatment.
Prevention and treatment of back pain are important to avoid injury and to decrease
the chance for long-term or chronic back pain. Because back pain in pregnancy can
be a symptom of more serious problems, like preterm labor, always talk with your healthcare
provider if symptoms are severe or last longer than 2 weeks.