Ova and Parasites (Stool)
Does this test have other names?
Stool sample examination, stool O&P, fecal smear
What is this test?
This test looks for parasites and their larvae or eggs in a sample of your stool.
Parasites are organisms that can live within or on the human body and use it as a
source of food. Many live in the digestive tract.
Many parasites also cause illnesses. These include one-celled organisms, such as Giardia,
and larger organisms such as pinworms. In their adult form, pinworms can usually large
enough to be seen.
Why do I need this test?
You may need this test if your healthcare provider suspects that you have parasites
in your digestive tract. Giardia and cryptosporidium are common parasitic illnesses.
Pinworms can live in the colon and rectum. Anal itching is a symptom of a pinworm
infection. The itching is usually worse at night and may disturb your sleep.
What other tests might I have along with this test?
Your healthcare provider may also order blood tests and other tests for specific parasites.
For example, if your doctor suspects a pinworm infection, you may have to do a "tape
test." In this test, the adhesive side of a piece of cellophane tape is gently pressed
to the skin around the anus. Pinworm eggs will stick to the tape. Then the eggs can
be moved to a slide and looked at under a microscope.
What do my test results mean?
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses
to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you
may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your healthcare
Normal results are negative, meaning that no parasites, larvae, or eggs were found
in your sample.
Positive results mean that you have an infection with a parasite.
How is this test done?
This test requires a stool sample. Your healthcare provider will tell you how to collect
the sample. Don't collect fecal material from the toilet bowl or put toilet paper
into the specimen container.
What might affect my test results?
Certain medicines can affect your results. This can be true for up to 1 week after
you take the medicines. These medicines include:
A sample contaminated by urine or toilet water may have an inaccurate result. Timing
is also important. If the sample isn't brought to the lab promptly, the results may
not be accurate.
How do I get ready for this test?
You may need to stop taking certain medicines before the test. Be sure your healthcare
provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking.
This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may