Does this test have other names?
Malaria antibody detection
What is this test?
This test looks for Plasmodium parasites in your blood. The parasites cause malaria,
a serious disease that can be fatal if left untreated.
You can get the parasites if you are bitten by an infected mosquito. Malaria is common
in most of the topics, including countries in South Asia, the South Pacific, parts
of Central and South America, and areas of Africa.
This test may also be able to tell which type of Plasmodium parasite is causing your
infection. Different types of Plasmodium parasites can cause different symptoms. Some
types, particularly P. falciparum, can be more serious than others.
Why do I need this test?
You may have this test if you've been to an area where malaria is common and now have
symptoms of the disease. Typically, symptoms appear 10 days to a month after infection.
You may also need this test when donating blood to make sure your blood is safe. You
may also have this test if you have an unexplained fever and it's possible that you
have malaria, even if other tests for malaria were negative.
What other tests might I have along with this test?
You may also have a rapid diagnosis test for malaria. In some cases, you may need
other blood tests to check for complications that malaria can cause. Your healthcare
provider will probably order:
What do my test results mean?
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses
to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you
may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your healthcare
A normal test is negative, meaning that you don't have any Plasmodium parasites in
your blood. A positive result means that you have the parasites in your blood and
that you may have malaria.
How is this test done?
The test requires a blood sample, which is drawn through a needle from a vein in your
Does this test pose any risks?
Taking a blood sample with a needle carries risks that include bleeding, infection,
bruising, or feeling dizzy. When the needle pricks your arm, you may feel a slight
stinging sensation or pain. Afterward, the site may be slightly sore.
What might affect my test results?
Having the test too soon after infection may give a false-negative result.
How do I get ready for this test?
You don't need to prepare for this test. But be sure your healthcare provider knows
about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you are taking. This includes
medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit drugs you may use.