Does this test have other names?
Very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol test
What is this test?
This test measures the amount of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in your blood.
VLDL cholesterol is a type of blood fat. It's considered one of the "bad" forms of
cholesterol, along with LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. This is because high levels
cholesterol can clog your arteries and lead to a heart attack. Sixty percent of a
VLDL particle is a triglyceride,
This test is usually used along with a series of other tests in a general lipid profile
to screen for cardiovascular disease (CVD). High levels of VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides
in your blood may mean you are at risk for CVD. People who are obese also have higher
levels of VLDL cholesterol.
Why do I need this test?
You may have this test if you are at risk for CVD. Risk factors for CVD include:
What other tests might I have along with this test?
Your healthcare provider may also order these other tests at the same time to check
your cholesterol levels:
LDL ("bad") cholesterol
HDL ("good") cholesterol
You may also need these tests:
What do my test results mean?
Many things may affect your lab test results. These include the method each lab uses
to do the test. Even if your test results are different from the normal value, you
may not have a problem. To learn what the results mean for you, talk with your healthcare
Results are given in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Normal levels of VLDL are less
than or equal to 30 mg/dL. If you have higher levels of VLDL cholesterol, you may
How is this test done?
The test requires a blood sample, which is drawn through a needle from a vein in your
Does this test pose any risks?
Taking a blood sample with a needle carries risks that include bleeding, infection,
bruising, or feeling dizzy. When the needle pricks your arm, you may feel a slight
stinging sensation or pain. Afterward, the site may be slightly sore.
What might affect my test results?
No other factors affect your test results.
How do I get ready for this test?
You may need to fast for 12 to 14 hours before this test. In addition, be sure your
healthcare provider knows about all medicines, herbs, vitamins, and supplements you
are taking. This includes medicines that don't need a prescription and any illicit
drugs you may use.