What is cervicitis?
Cervicitis is an irritation or infection of the cervix. There are different germs
that can cause it. The symptoms may start quickly and be severe. Or it can last several
months or longer.
What causes cervicitis?
Cervicitis may be caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI). These include:
Cervicitis may be caused by an infection in the vagina, such as bacterial vaginosis.
What are the symptoms of cervicitis?
Each person’s symptoms may vary. These are the most common symptoms of cervicitis:
Infections in the vagina can spread easily to the cervix. Then the tissue of the cervix
can become inflamed. An open sore may form. One early sign of this is fluid coming
from the vagina.
The symptoms of cervicitis may be like vaginitis. But cervicitis is not the same.
Make sure to see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is cervicitis diagnosed?
The healthcare provider will ask about your health history. They will give you a physical
and pelvic exam. You may be tested for STIs. You may be tested for bacterial vaginosis.
Your healthcare provider will check you for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
How is cervicitis treated?
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend
on how severe the condition is.
The goal is to reduce symptoms and prevent the spread of infection. Treatment may
include both of these:
Antibiotic medicine for you, to kill bacteria or other germs
Antibiotic medicine for your sexual partners, to kill the germs
What are possible complications of cervicitis?
If not treated, the germs can move up into the uterus and fallopian tubes. This can
cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to infertility. It can lead
to peritonitis. This is a life-threatening infection. The germs can be passed to sexual
partners. A sexual partner may have a serious complication.
Key points about cervicitis
Cervicitis is an irritation or infection of the cervix.
It's often caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can be caused by bacterial
Symptoms may include fluid from the vagina, pelvic pain, and bleeding.
If not treated, the germs may move up into the uterus and fallopian tubes. This can
Treatment includes antibiotics. Sexual partners must also be treated.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
Before your visit, write down questions you want answered.
Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells
At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments,
or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you.
Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also
know what the side effects are.
Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways.
Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that
Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.