Skip to main content

URMC Logo

URMC / Encyclopedia / Content

Types of Surgery

What is surgical diagnosis?

As part of your diagnosis, you and your doctor may discuss surgery as a way to correct your condition. This decision is based on looking carefully at your health history. It is also based on the results of tests you have. These include blood tests, X-rays, MRI, CT scan, sonogram, and electrocardiogram. The tests may also include other lab work done to make the diagnosis.

What are the different types of surgery?

You have two choices for surgery, depending on your diagnosis.

Elective surgery

An elective surgery does not always mean it is optional. It simply means that the surgery can be scheduled in advance. It may be a surgery you choose to have for a better quality of life, but not for a life-threatening condition. But in some cases it may be for a serious condition such as cancer. Examples of elective surgery include removing a mole or wart, and having kidney stones removed. It may also be done if other forms of treatment are not working. 

Urgent or emergency surgery

This type of surgery is done because of an urgent medical condition. The condition may even be life threatening. Examples are acute appendicitis and trauma.

Medical Reviewers:

  • Demuro, Jonas, MD
  • Karlin, Ronald, MD