Bathing and Skin Care for the Newborn
Proper bathing and skin care for your newborn
A newborn's skin is soft and delicate. Proper skin care and bathing can help maintain
the health and texture of the baby's skin while providing a pleasant experience for
both of you.
Contrary to popular thought, most babies do not need a bath every single day. With
all the diaper changes and wiping of the mouth and nose after feedings, most babies
may only need to be bathed 2 or 3 times a week or every other day.
Baths can be given any time of day. Bathing before a feeding often works well. Many
parents prefer to bathe their baby in the evening, as part of the bedtime ritual.
This works well especially if bath time is relaxing and soothing for the baby.
Sponge baths are required at first. To prevent infection, bathing in a tub of water
should not be done until the baby's umbilical cord falls off, and a baby boy's circumcision
What do I need to bathe my newborn?
Thick towels or a sponge-type bath cushion
Basin or clean sink
Cotton balls (optional)
Baby shampoo and baby soap (nonirritating)
Towel (a hooded towel is optional)
Clean diaper and clothing
How to give a sponge bath
Make sure the room is warm, without drafts (about 75° F).
Gather all equipment and supplies in advance.
Add warm water to a clean sink or basin (warm to the inside of your wrist or elbow).
Place baby on a bath cushion or thick towels on a surface that is comfortable for
Keep the baby covered with a towel or blanket.
NEVER take your hands off the baby, even for a moment. If you have forgotten something,
wrap up the baby in a towel and take him or her with you.
Start with the baby's face. Use 1 moistened, clean washcloth or cotton ball to wipe
each eye, starting at the bridge of the nose then wiping out to the corner of the
Wash the rest of the baby's face with a soft, moist washcloth without soap.
Clean the outside folds of the ears with a soft washcloth. DO NOT insert a cotton
swab into the baby's ear canal because of the risk of damage to the ear drum.
Add a small amount of baby soap to the water or washcloth, and gently bathe the rest
of the baby from the neck down. Uncover only one area at a time. Rinse with a clean
washcloth or a small cup of water. Be sure to avoid getting the umbilical cord wet.
Once the baby's body is clean, you can wrap him or her in a warm towel before washing
Wash the baby's head last with shampoo on a washcloth. Rinse, being careful not to
let water run over the baby's face. Holding the baby firmly with your arm under his
or her back and your wrist and hand supporting his or her neck, you can use a high
faucet to rinse the hair.
Scrubbing is not necessary, but most babies enjoy their arms and legs being massaged
with gentle strokes during a bath.
Wrap the baby in a towel and cuddle your clean baby close.
Follow cord care instructions given by your baby's doctor.
Use a soft baby brush to comb out your baby's hair. DO NOT use a hair dryer on hot
to dry a baby's hair. This can cause burns.
Expect your baby to cry the first few times you bathe him or her. Usually, this is
just because a bath is a new experience.
How to give your newborn a tub bath
Once your baby's umbilical cord has fallen off and after a boy's circumcision has
healed, you can give your baby a tub bath. This can be a pleasurable experience for
you and your baby. However, some babies may not like to be bathed, especially the
first few times. Talk softly or sing and try some bath toys if your baby protests.
What do I need for a tub bath?
Baby bathtub (preferably with a bottom drain plug)
Nonslip mat or pad
Bath thermometer (optional, these often have "safe" bath temperature ranges marked
When bathing your baby in a tub:
Clear the counter or table top of breakable objects and electrical appliances to prevent
Fill the tub with warm water, making sure the water is warm, not hot. Always test
the water before placing your baby into the tub. Some parents feel most comfortable
using a baby bath thermometer to confirm the correct temperature of the water.
Follow the same general bathing instructions for a sponge bath.
NEVER take your hands off your baby, or walk away, even for a moment.
Be sure to clean the bathtub after each use.
Proper skin care for your newborn
A baby's soft and delicate skin needs special care. Generally it is best to use products
made especially for babies, but your baby's doctor can advise you about other products.
Products for adults may be too harsh for a baby and may contain irritants or allergens.
Many parents like to use lotions. However, unless the baby's skin is dry, lotions
really are not needed. Powders should be avoided, unless they are recommended by your
baby's doctor. When using any powder, put the powder in your hand and then apply it
to the baby's skin. Shaking powder into the air releases dust and talc which can harm
your baby's lungs.
Many babies have rashes and bumps that are normal. Some rashes may be a sign of a
problem or infection. Diaper rash can be irritating to the baby and needs to be treated.
If you have concerns about a rash, or your baby is uncomfortable or has a fever, call
your baby's doctor.
Laundry detergents may cause irritation to a baby's delicate skin. If your baby seems
sensitive to detergent, you can use a special detergent for babies with sensitive
skin and give the laundry an extra rinse with plain water to remove any leftover detergent.