Autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD) is a rare form of PKD. It is thought to be caused
by a particular genetic flaw that is different from the genetic flaw that causes ADPKD.
Parents who don't have the disease can have a child with the disease if both parents
carry the abnormal gene and both pass the gene to their child. Carrier parents have
a 25% chance with each pregnancy to have a child with this type of PKD. Males and
females are equally affected.
ARPKD is sometimes found before birth using a fetal ultrasound. Symptoms can start
before birth. In most cases, the earlier symptoms start, the more severe the outcome.
Children born with ARPKD may develop kidney failure within a few years. They often
High blood pressure
Urinary tract infections
The disease also usually affects the liver, spleen, and pancreas. This results in
low blood cell counts, varicose veins, and hemorrhoids.
The symptoms of ARPKD may look like other health problems. Always check with your
child's healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis often includes ultrasound imaging of the fetus or newborn to reveal cysts
in the kidneys. An ultrasound exam of kidneys of relatives may also be helpful.
Your child's healthcare provider will figure out a treatment plan after careful consideration
of the child's symptoms and medical history. Treatment may include: