A food-medicine interaction is when a food or drink changes how a medicine works.
This can happen with both prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines. This
Some nutrients can affect the way you absorb certain medicines by binding with the
medicine's ingredients. This reduces their absorption or speeds their elimination.
Not all medicines are affected by food. But many can be affected by what you eat and
when you eat it. In some cases, taking medicines at the same time you eat may change
the way your stomach and intestines absorb medicine. Other medicines should be taken
with food. Talk with your healthcare provider or pharmacist. Ask for advice about
how to take your medicine.
Ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider if there are foods, beverages, vitamins,
or supplements you should not have with your medicines.
Read the label on the container. If you do not understand something, ask your healthcare
provider or pharmacist.
Read directions, warnings, and interaction precautions printed on all medicine labels.
This includes OTC medicines. Even these can interact with foods, drinks, or supplements.
Take medicine with a full glass of water unless told otherwise by your pharmacist
or healthcare provider.
Do not stir medicine into your food or take capsules apart unless directed by your
pharmacist or healthcare provider. This may change the way the medicine works.
Check with your pharmacist or healthcare provider before taking vitamin pills at the
same time you take medicine. This is because vitamins and minerals can interact with
Do not mix medicine into hot drinks. This is because the heat from the drink may lessen
how well the medicine works.
Never take medicine with alcoholic drinks. Alcohol can change medicine absorption.
And it may increase or decrease how well many medicines work.
Be sure to tell your healthcare provider about all medicines you are taking. This
includes both prescription and OTC medicines.
Get all your medicines from 1 pharmacy. Tell your pharmacist about any OTC medicines,
supplements, herbs, or vitamins that you take.
Keep all medicines in their original containers. This is so they can be easily identified.