Anatomy of the Knee
The knee is a vulnerable joint that bears a great deal of stress from everyday activities
such as lifting and kneeling, and from high-impact activities such as jogging and
The knee is formed by the following parts:
Tibia. Shin bone or larger bone of the lower leg
Fibula. Smaller of the 2 lower leg bones
Femur. Thighbone or upper leg bone
Each bone end is covered with a layer of cartilage that absorbs shock and protects
the knee. Basically, the knee is 2 long leg bones held together by muscles, ligaments,
There are 2 groups of muscles involved in the knee, including the quadriceps muscles
(located on the front of the thighs), which straighten the legs, and the hamstring
muscles (located on the back of the thighs), which bend the leg at the knee.
Tendons are tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Ligaments are elastic
bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. Some ligaments on the knee provide stability
and protection of the joints, while other ligaments limit forward and backward movement
of the tibia (shin bone).