Skip to main content

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Visitor Restrictions, Resources, and Updates

Explore URMC

menu

Anesthesia Information

Your anesthesiologist is a critical part of your care team

The goal of anesthesia is to ensure that you are safe and comfortable during your operation or procedure. The most appropriate type of anesthesia will be determined by your anesthesiologist after reviewing your options, taking into consideration your health needs and concerns. You will speak to your anesthesiologist before surgery, so please write down any questions you may have.

Types of Anesthesia

Types

Expected Results/Techniques

Risks

General

 

Total state of unconsciousness. The drug is injected into the blood stream and/or inhaled into the lungs. A breathing tube may be placed in the windpipe.

 

Mouth or throat pain, hoarseness, injury to mouth or teeth, awareness under anesthesia

 

Spinal or Epidural

 

Temporary decrease or loss of feeling and/or movement to lower part of the body. A drug is injected through a needle/catheter placed either directly into the spinal canal or immediately outside the canal. Medication may also be given to relax you.

 

Headache, back or leg pain, infection, persistent weakness or numbness

 

Major/Minor Nerve Block

 

Temporary loss of feeling and/or movement of a specific limb or area. Drugs are injected near nerves providing numbness to the area of the operation.

 

Infection, convulsions, weakness, persistent numbness, injury to blood vessels

 

Monitored Anesthesia

 

Reduced anxiety and partial or total amnesia. Drugs are injected into the blood stream and breathed into lungs producing a semi-conscious state.

 

An unconscious state, depressed breathing, awareness