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Animal Testing Alternatives

Assistance with Animal Testing Alternatives Literature Searches


There are a number of ways we can help investigators meet the literature search requirements of the Animal Welfare Act. (See USDA’s Animal Welfare Policy #12: Consideration of Alternatives to Painful/Distressful Procedures.)



Do your own literature search - These handouts provide tips to investigators who prefer to do their own literature searches.

Searching for Animal Testing Alternatives (Miner Library) Searching for Animal Testing Alternatives PDF File link

Searching for Alternatives to Painful Procedures used on Laboratory Animals (NIH Library) pdf

Use "Saved Search" - This strategy assists investigators using Ovid MEDLINE® for their alternatives search. “Saved Search for Animal Testing Alternatives in Medline” provides detailed information about using this stored strategy.

Saved Search for Animal Testing AlternativesSaved Search for Animal Testing Alternatives PDF link

Consult a librarian - Investigators doing their own literature search can consult with a librarian to develop relevant search strategies for their specific protocol. Strategies are designed to prevent duplication of research and to address alternatives. There is no fee for this service.

Ask a Librarian to do your search - A librarian can do the literature search for you! The investigator first meets with a librarian to discuss his/her protocol subject. The librarian then designs search strategies to prevent duplication of research and to address alternatives, and performs the search. There is no charge to URMC affiliates for most databases.

Note: It is strongly recommended that investigators keep copies of their search strategies as documentation.

Library Search



Linda Hasman