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Pediatrics / Research / Pediatric Research News / Antibiotic Overuse
 

Falsey & Mariani Secure $3.8M Grant to Reduce Antibiotic Overuse

Boxer fighting against overuseAnn R. Falsey, M.D., professor of Infectious Diseases, and Thomas J. Mariani, Ph.D., professor of Pediatrics, received a 5-year, $3.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to search for a better way to distinguish bacterial and viral respiratory infections. The goal of the study is to define predictive genes – using gene expression profiling of blood – that can be developed into a simple point of care diagnostic that can be used by clinicians to discriminate bacterial and non-bacterial illness. Such a test would allow physicians to optimally manage patients with acute respiratory infections, which are a leading cause of antibiotic overuse and are linked to the rise of antibiotic resistant organisms.

The grant is the result of completed NIH-funded research, "Randomized Clinical Trial to use viral testing and serum biomarkers to reduced unnecessary antibiotic use for respiratory infections" within the Respiratory Pathogens Research Center. Falsey and Mariani are the co-principal investigators, and Edward Walsh, M.D., Angela Branche, M.D. and Derick Peterson, Ph.D. are co-investigators.