Research Training The University of Rochester Medical Center is a preeminent research institution affording fellows diverse opportunities for training in basic, translational and clinical research. During the first year of training, the Pulmonary/Critical Care faculty host a two day retreat during which each faculty member gives a brief presentation of their research. By the end of the first year, the fellow is expected to choose a research mentor. It is the expectation that the research mentor will have a project in which the fellow can immediately participate to facilitate gaining familiarity with the particular research field and techniques of the mentor. In addition, the fellow will have ample opportunity to devise their own specific research question and will present a research proposal in October of their second year. At that time, the fellow will also choose a research committee, usually two or three additional faculty members, who will provide the fellow with additional guidance and input as their project evolves. Our expectation is that all fellows will present their work at the International Conference of the American Thoracic Society or similar venue. In 2007, all second and third year fellows from our program presented at ATS and the URMC alone accounted for 52 abstracts. Finally, fellows will have the opportunity to gain additional structured training through the Clinical and Translational Science Institute. The URMC was one of only a few institutions nationwide to win a $40 million grant from the NIH to fund our intramural research in these areas.