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URMC / Research / Research@URMC / March 2017

March 2017

Study Shed New Light on Brain’s Decision-making Process

Study Shed New Light on Brain’s Decision-making Process

New research reveals the complex circuits involved in regulating the neurotransmitter dopamine in our brains.  Traditionally thought to be limited to reward seeking, the new study shows that parts of the ‘emotional’ brain may also manipulate dopamine to help us pay attention and react to new information in the environment.

Testicular Cancer Survivors Report Lasting Side Effects of Treatment

Testicular Cancer Survivors Report Lasting Side Effects of Treatment

Nearly 80 percent of a large group of young men who survived testicular cancer reported having at least one health problem later due to treatment toxicity, says a new Journal of Clinical Oncology study co-authored by Wilmot Cancer Institute scientists.

Helping Doctors Diagnose and Treat Psoriatic Arthritis

Helping Doctors Diagnose and Treat Psoriatic Arthritis

Christopher Ritchlin, M.D., M.P.H., professor and chief of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology at URMC offers advice to help physicians recognize psoriatic arthritis in a recent review published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Protein Key to Nerve Health Hitches a Ride on Brain’s Garbage Truck

Protein Key to Nerve Health Hitches a Ride on Brain’s Garbage Truck

A new study shows that the brain’s waste removal system serves as both trash collector and delivery service, providing neurons with a protein important to maintaining cognitive function while simultaneously cleaning brain tissue.  The research may help explain why different genetic varieties of the protein, called apolipoprotein E (apoE), can indicate risk for Alzheimer’s disease or promote longevity.

Study: Home Care Improves Stroke Outcomes

Study: Home Care Improves Stroke Outcomes

Stroke patients who are paired with caregivers that help them transition back to their homes are significantly less likely to be readmitted to the hospital.  The results of the pilot study, which showed a 39 percent reduction in the readmission rates of stroke patients at Strong Memorial Hospital, were presented last week at the International Stroke Conference in Texas.