Living Donor Transplant Each year, hundreds of people in the Greater Rochester area wait for donor organs. Traditionally, deceased donor organs (organs removed from a healthy person after a sudden accident or illness) were the only option for patients needing a transplant. Due to a shortage of deceased donor organs, the number of patients waiting for a transplant in the United States has grown dramatically. Transplant patients are forced to endure longer waiting times and may become quite ill before they receive an organ, and in some instances, are too ill to undergo transplant surgery. Living donor organs lessen the need for deceased organs, and offer new hope for transplant recipients. What is a Living Donor Liver Transplant? In a living donor liver transplant a healthy segment of a donor’s liver is removed for transplantation into the recipient's body. Living Donor Kidney Transplant The technique known as laparoscopic donor nephrectomy dramatically reduces trauma for the donor. Surgeons access the kidney by entering instruments through four small “ports,” or puncture wounds in the abdomen one near the belly button, one to the left of the belly button and two in the upper abdomen. The kidney is freed and blood vessels are closed using instruments entered through the ports. Once free, the kidney is then put into a plastic bag. Finally, surgeons enlarge the incision near the belly button to about two and a half inches, and pull the bagged kidney out of the incision. (The plastic bag makes it easier to slip the kidney out.) Doctors expect the simpler, less-traumatic surgery will increase the availability of donor kidneys.