The philosophy of the Department of Neurology is that research should be part of each resident's educational experience. Accordingly, each resident is encouraged to develop a research project during his or her four years of residency. In their first year, residents are paired with a faculty mentor with expertise in an area of interest declared by the trainee. We have also implemented a seminar series geared to help trainees explore career options in clinical neuroscience that covers topics such as writing and reviewing paper and grants, creating and delivering an effective presentation, issues pertaining to managing a clinical practice, as well as navigating issues related to work-life balance. Trainees will also hear chalk talks by departmental faculty to both enhance their knowledge regarding cutting edge research for a variety of neurological conditions, provide opportunities for flash mentoring and hopefully stimulate future collaboration. Residents are encouraged to participate annually in the Steven R. Schwid Neurology/Neurosurgery Research Symposium that coincides with the annual Insley Lecture. And in the later years of training it is expected that the resident’s scholarly activity will culminate in a Neurology Grand Rounds presentation, abstract submission to the American Academy of Neurology or the American Neurological Association annual meetings and/or submission of a manuscript for publication in keeping with the ACGME program requirements.A wide range of basic and clinical URMC Neurology Research opportunities are available through faculty working in departmental units, affiliated research centers and laboratories located on the University Medical Center and River Campuses. In prior years, residents have participated in bench research, aspects of ongoing clinical trials, studies involving outcomes and health care utilization, education research as well as writing up clinical cases and a comprehensive review of the literature for publication.