What is Pediatric Pulmonology? Pediatric pulmonologists specialize in treating children with breathing problems. Common conditions we treat include: Asthma Pneumonia Wheezing Bronchitis Frequently, patients come to see pediatric pulmonologists to determine if their child's wheezing is asthma or something else. Other conditions treated by pediatric pulmonologists include: Apnea (Babies with apnea will stop breathing, or "forget" to breathe.) Technology-dependent children (Some children require oxygen and/or a respirator to help them breathe.) Cystic Fibrosis (Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes an excessive buildup of mucus in the lungs.) Services offered by Pediatric Pulmonologists include pulmonary function testing and flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FFB). Pulmonary function testing is a non-invasive test can be done in different ways to work best for children of various ages. An FFB allows pulmonologists to look inside the lungs with a fiberoptic scope. This more invasive procedure is not surgery, but does require sedation.