Skip to main content
Explore URMC


About Dry Eye

What is Dry Eye?

Dry eye is a medical condition. The surface of your eye needs protection and nourishment, which is provided by your tears. When this natural shield breaks down, or lacks certain characteristics, the front of the eye can become damaged. This leads to discomfort and decreased vision. Common symptoms include: 
  • Blurred vision
  • Burning, itching or redness in the eye
  • Gritty or scratchy eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Watery eyes

What Causes Dry Eye?

Dry eye has many causes. Taken separately or together, the following factors may be contributing to your discomfort:

  • Dry home or workplace environments
  • Prolonged screen usage (computers, television, etc.)
  • Corneal injuries
  • Previous eye surgery such as LASIK or cataract surgery
  • Contact lens wear
  • Eyelids that do not completely close
  • Constant exposure to extreme airflow or extreme temperatures
  • Sjögren’s or other autoimmune diseases
  • Medications used to treat glaucoma and other eye diseases
  • Improperly functioning tear system

Dry Eye Videos

Information Icon To fully enjoy these videos requires Microsoft Internet Explorer 9.0 or above or any other modern internet browser such as Google Chrome, Firefox or Safari. If you have Internet explorer 8.0 or below, the videos will play but you will only be able to view library in linear sequence.

Please do not substitute, disregard or delay seeking professional medical advice based on these videos and call your doctor or emergency medical services immediately for any medical emergency.