Glaucoma What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that can lead to vision loss and blindness if left untreated. The disease is many times characterized by increased eye pressure and causes damage to the optic nerve and the retinal nerve fibers. A series of painless tests and exams are conducted to check for glaucoma. Those at risk for glaucoma are: Older adults African Americans Individuals taking steroid medications Individuals with a family history of glaucoma Glaucoma Care The Eye Institute is building a state-of-the-art center for the management of glaucoma. Patients may be referred for retinal topography and analysis, utilizing the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph along with computerized visual field testing, optic nerve imaging, and other specialized imaging modalities. Our Glaucoma Specialists are: Shakeel Shareef, M.D. Regina Smolyak, M.D. Even the most complex adult and pediatric glaucoma cases and surgical complications are managed by the Eye Institute’s Glaucoma Service. The Eye Institute is actively involved in Glaucoma research.