Whether it’s a barely noticeable hum or a continuous buzz, if you’re hearing something that others around you aren’t, you may have tinnitus. UR Medicine Audiologist Dr. Kristin Geissler describes what it is and what to do if the symptoms ring a bell.
Tinnitus is typically described as sound heard in the ears or head that is not present in the environment. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that more than 50 million Americans experience it, and for 2 million of them, it is extreme and debilitating.
When heard in both ears, tinnitus is usually benign and associated with damage to the ear structures or hearing pathway. If it impacts only one side, it may be associated with a more concerning medical condition.
Although there has been a lot of research to determine why tinnitus occurs, we don’t know the exact cause.
Potential culprits include:
- Hearing loss
- Exposure to significant amounts of noise
- Obstructions in the ear canal or middle ear
- Head or neck trauma
- Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ)
- Sinus pressure or pressure changes causing ear damage
- Traumatic brain injury
- Certain medications, diseases or medical conditions
There’s no specific cure for tinnitus, but there are steps you can take to reduce the symptoms.
- Drown it out – Tinnitus can often be made less bothersome by enriching your environment with sounds. Playing music or the television softly in the background, or adding a fan or other white noise may reduce its annoyance.
- Keep moving – Maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle may help distract you and alleviate secondary effects of tinnitus, such as stress.
- Get help for hearing loss – Most people who have tinnitus also have hearing loss that can be helped with amplification. Hearing aids can make it easier to understand speech and make your tinnitus less noticeable, as you can also hear sounds in the environment better. If amplification alone is not successful for managing tinnitus, consider finding an audiology program that offers ear-level sound generators or hearing aids with sound generation features.
When to Seek Help
If you’re bothered by noises you’re hearing and think you may have tinnitus, it’s a good idea to talk with your doctor. You should seek medical attention promptly if you notice tinnitus in only one ear—especially when it is accompanied by hearing loss or dizziness, or if symptoms make you feel depressed or angry.
You can learn more by visiting the American Tinnitus Association.