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Thomas H. Foster, Ph.D.

Thomas H. Foster, Ph.D.

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About Me

Professional Background

Professor Foster received his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1983. Following two years at the General Electric Research and Development Center where he worked on magnetic resonance imaging, he came to the University of Rochester and received the Ph.D. in Physics in 1990. He...
Professor Foster received his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1983. Following two years at the General Electric Research and Development Center where he worked on magnetic resonance imaging, he came to the University of Rochester and received the Ph.D. in Physics in 1990. He immediately joined the faculty of the University as an Assistant Professor of Radiology. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1994 and is currently Professor of Imaging Sciences (formerly Radiology), of Physics, of Optics, and of Biomedical Engineering. From 2001 - 2008, Professor Foster was an Associate Editor of the journal Photochemistry and Photobiology. He served as a member of the National Institutes of Health Radiation Therapeutics and Biology Study Section during 2004 - 2008 and from 2005 - 2012 was appointed to the Research Program Committee of the Canadian Institute of Photonic Innovation.
Professor Foster is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Fellow of the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery, and a Senior Member of the Optical Society of America. He currently serves on the Editorial Board of Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and is a frequent ad hoc grant reviewer for the National Institutes of Health and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities.

Faculty Appointments

Professor Emeritus - Department of Imaging Sciences (SMD)

Credentials

Education

PhD | University of Rochester. Physics. 1990

MA | University of Rochester. Physics. 1988

BS | Stevens Inst of Tech. Physics. 1983

Awards

Fellow. 2013

Shu-Ren Lin Award for Excellence in Resident Teaching. 2013

Arvin E. Robinson Award for Excellence in Resident Education and Teaching. 2013

Senior Member. 2012

Fellow. 2010

University Dean's Award for Meritorious Service in PhD Defenses. 2009

Shu-Ren Lin Award for Excellence in Radiology Teaching. 2002

Fellow. 2001

Shu-Ren Lin Award for Excellence in Radiology Teaching. 1991

Outstanding Graduate Student Teaching Assistant. 1987

Publications

Journal Articles

Staphylococcus aureus Tolerance and Genomic Response to Photodynamic Inactivation.

Snell SB, Gill AL, Haidaris CG, Foster TH, Baran TM, Gill SR

mSphere.. 2021 January 66 (1)Epub 01/06/2021.

Quantification of reactive oxygen species production by the red fluorescent proteins KillerRed, SuperNova and mCherry.

Onukwufor JO, Trewin AJ, Baran TM, Almast A, Foster TH, Wojtovich AP

Free radical biology & medicine.. 2019 December 10147 :1-7. Epub 12/10/2019.

Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species Generated at the Complex-II Matrix or Intermembrane Space Microdomain Have Distinct Effects on Redox Signaling and Stress Sensitivity in .

Trewin AJ, Bahr LL, Almast A, Berry BJ, Wei AY, Foster TH, Wojtovich AP

Antioxidants & redox signaling.. 2019 September 2031 (9):594-607. Epub 04/22/2019.

Non-invasive monitoring of alternative splicing outcomes to identify candidate therapies for myotonic dystrophy type 1.

Hu N, Antoury L, Baran TM, Mitra S, Bennett CF, Rigo F, Foster TH, Wheeler TM

Nature communications.. 2018 December 79 (1):5227. Epub 12/07/2018.

Light-induced oxidant production by fluorescent proteins.

Trewin AJ, Berry BJ, Wei AY, Bahr LL, Foster TH, Wojtovich AP

Free radical biology & medicine.. 2018 November 20128 :157-164. Epub 02/06/2018.

Quantification of light-induced miniSOG superoxide production using the selective marker, 2-hydroxyethidium.

Barnett ME, Baran TM, Foster TH, Wojtovich AP

Free radical biology & medicine.. 2018 February 20116 :134-140. Epub 01/31/2018.

Long-Term Patency of Arteriovenous Fistulae Salvaged by Balloon Angioplasty with and without Accessory Vein Embolization: A Retrospective Study.

Sawas A, Baran TM, Foster TH, Reis J, Wing RE, Kashyap R, Brhel D, Sasson T

Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR.. 2017 May 28 (5):714-721. Epub 02/09/2017.

Chemotherapeutic drug-specific alteration of microvascular blood flow in murine breast cancer as measured by diffuse correlation spectroscopy.

Ramirez G, Proctor AR, Jung KW, Wu TT, Han S, Adams RR, Ren J, Byun DK, Madden KS, Brown EB, Foster TH, Farzam P, Durduran T, Choe R

Biomedical optics express.. 2016 September 17 (9):3610-3630. Epub 08/24/2016.

Chromophore-Assisted Light Inactivation of Mitochondrial Electron Transport Chain Complex II in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Wojtovich AP, Wei AY, Sherman TA, Foster TH, Nehrke K

Scientific reports.. 2016 July 216 :29695. Epub 07/21/2016.

Indwelling Stent Embedded with Light-Emitting Diodes for Photodynamic Therapy of Malignant Biliary Obstruction.

Baran TM, Mironov O, Sharma AK, Foster TH

Cardiovascular and interventional radiology.. 2016 June 39 (6):916-9. Epub 11/19/2015.

Estrogen maintains myometrial tumors in a lymphangioleiomyomatosis model.

Prizant H, Taya M, Lerman I, Light A, Sen A, Mitra S, Foster T, Hammes SR

Endocrine-related cancer.. 2016 April 23 (4):265-80. Epub 02/15/2016.

A prospective study of pain control by a 2-step irradiance schedule during topical photodynamic therapy of nonmelanoma skin cancer.

Zeitouni NC, Sunar U, Rohrbach DJ, Paquette AD, Bellnier DA, Shi Y, Wilding G, Foster TH, Henderson BW

Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.].. 2014 December 40 (12):1390-4. Epub 1900 01 01.

Assisted maturation of native fistula in two patients with a continuous flow left ventricular assist device.

Sasson T, Wing RE, Foster TH, Kashyap R, Butani D, Waldman DL

Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR.. 2014 May 25 (5):781-3. Epub 1900 01 01.

Supraumbilical rash caused by nontarget radioembolization to the falciform artery.

Sharma AK, Foster TH, Katz A, Lee DE, Waldman DL

Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR.. 2014 March 25 (3):483-4. Epub 1900 01 01.

Comparison of flat cleaved and cylindrical diffusing fibers as treatment sources for interstitial photodynamic therapy.

Baran TM, Foster TH

Medical physics.. 2014 February 41 (2):022701. Epub 1900 01 01.

Optogenetic control of ROS production.

Wojtovich AP, Foster TH

Redox biology.. 2014 2 :368-76. Epub 02/03/2014.

Enzyme-activatable imaging probe reveals enhanced neutrophil elastase activity in tumors following photodynamic therapy.

Mitra S, Modi KD, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2013 October 18 (10):101314. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effective photodynamic therapy against microbial populations in human deep tissue abscess aspirates.

Haidaris CG, Foster TH, Waldman DL, Mathes EJ, McNamara J, Curran T

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2013 October 45 (8):509-16. Epub 08/29/2013.

Recovery of intrinsic fluorescence from single-point interstitial measurements for quantification of doxorubicin concentration.

Baran TM, Foster TH

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2013 October 45 (8):542-50. Epub 08/23/2013.

Determination of optical properties by interstitial white light spectroscopy using a custom fiber optic probe.

Baran TM, Fenn MC, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2013 October 18 (10):107007. Epub 1900 01 01.

A retrospective review of pain control by a two-step irradiance schedule during topical ALA-photodynamic therapy of non-melanoma skin cancer.

Zeitouni NC, Paquette AD, Housel JP, Shi Y, Wilding GE, Foster TH, Henderson BW

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2013 February 45 (2):89-94. Epub 02/06/2013.

Optical property measurements establish the feasibility of photodynamic therapy as a minimally invasive intervention for tumors of the kidney.

Baran TM, Wilson JD, Mitra S, Yao JL, Messing EM, Waldman DL, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2012 September 17 (9):98002-1. Epub 1900 01 01.

Miconazole induces fungistasis and increases killing of Candida albicans subjected to photodynamic therapy.

Snell SB, Foster TH, Haidaris CG

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2012 88 (3):596-603. Epub 12/20/2011.

Fluence rate-dependent photobleaching of intratumorally administered Pc 4 does not predict tumor growth delay.

Baran TM, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2012 88 (5):1273-9. Epub 06/06/2012.

Tumor response to mTHPC-mediated photodynamic therapy exhibits strong correlation with extracellular release of HSP70.

Mitra S, Giesselman BR, De Jesús-Andino FJ, Foster TH

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2011 September 43 (7):632-43. Epub 1900 01 01.

Lightpipe device for delivery of uniform illumination for photodynamic therapy of the oral cavity.

Canavesi C, Cassarly WJ, Foster TH, Rolland JP

Applied optics.. 2011 June 150 (16):2322-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effective photosensitization and selectivity in vivo of Candida Albicans by meso-tetra (N-methyl-4-pyridyl) porphine tetra tosylate.

Mitra S, Haidaris CG, Snell SB, Giesselman BR, Hupcher SM, Foster TH

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2011 April 43 (4):324-32. Epub 1900 01 01.

Two-photon NADH imaging exposes boundaries of oxygen diffusion in cortical vascular supply regions.

Kasischke KA, Lambert EM, Panepento B, Sun A, Gelbard HA, Burgess RW, Foster TH, Nedergaard M

Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.. 2011 January 31 (1):68-81. Epub 09/22/2010.

Photodynamic therapy of cancer: an update.

Agostinis P, Berg K, Cengel KA, Foster TH, Girotti AW, Gollnick SO, Hahn SM, Hamblin MR, Juzeniene A, Kessel D, Korbelik M, Moan J, Mroz P, Nowis D, Piette J, Wilson BC, Golab J

CA: a cancer journal for clinicians.. 2011 61 (4):250-81. Epub 05/26/2011.

Illumination devices for photodynamic therapy of the oral cavity.

Canavesi C, Fournier F, Cassarly WJ, Foster TH, Rolland JP

Biomedical optics express.. 2010 November 231 (5):1480-90. Epub 11/23/2010.

Compartmental targeting for mTHPC-based photodynamic treatment in vivo: Correlation of efficiency, pharmacokinetics, and regional distribution of apoptosis.

Garrier J, Bressenot A, Gräfe S, Marchal S, Mitra S, Foster TH, Guillemin F, Bezdetnaya L

International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics.. 2010 October 178 (2):563-71. Epub 07/23/2010.

Factors influencing tumor response to photodynamic therapy sensitized by intratumor administration of methylene blue.

Baran TM, Giesselman BR, Hu R, Biel MA, Foster TH

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2010 October 42 (8):728-35. Epub 1900 01 01.

Inhibition of electron transport chain assembly and function promotes photodynamic killing of Candida.

Chabrier-Roselló Y, Giesselman BR, De Jesús-Andino FJ, Foster TH, Mitra S, Haidaris CG

Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology.. 2010 June 199 (3):117-25. Epub 03/21/2010.

Intratumor administration of the photosensitizer pc 4 affords photodynamic therapy efficacy and selectivity at short drug-light intervals.

Foster TH, Giesselman BR, Hu R, Kenney ME, Mitra S

Translational oncology.. 2010 April 3 (2):135-41. Epub 1900 01 01.

Imaging morphogenesis of Candida albicans during infection in a live animal.

Mitra S, Dolan K, Foster TH, Wellington M

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2010 15 (1):010504. Epub 1900 01 01.

Simulations of measured photobleaching kinetics in human basal cell carcinomas suggest blood flow reductions during ALA-PDT.

Wang KK, Cottrell WJ, Mitra S, Oseroff AR, Foster TH

Lasers in surgery and medicine.. 2009 November 41 (9):686-96. Epub 1900 01 01.

Migration of skin dendritic cells in response to ionizing radiation exposure.

Cummings RJ, Mitra S, Foster TH, Lord EM

Radiation research.. 2009 June 171 (6):687-97. Epub 1900 01 01.

Structural and molecular basis of the role of starch and sucrose in Streptococcus mutans biofilm development.

Klein MI, Duarte S, Xiao J, Mitra S, Foster TH, Koo H

Applied and environmental microbiology.. 2009 February 75 (3):837-41. Epub 11/21/2008.

Photodynamic dose does not correlate with long-term tumor response to mTHPC-PDT performed at several drug-light intervals.

Wang KK, Mitra S, Foster TH

Medical physics.. 2008 August 35 (8):3518-26. Epub 1900 01 01.

Irradiance-dependent photobleaching and pain in delta-aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy of superficial basal cell carcinomas.

Cottrell WJ, Paquette AD, Keymel KR, Foster TH, Oseroff AR

Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.. 2008 July 1514 (14):4475-83. Epub 1900 01 01.

Light delivery over extended time periods enhances the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy.

Seshadri M, Bellnier DA, Vaughan LA, Spernyak JA, Mazurchuk R, Foster TH, Henderson BW

Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.. 2008 May 114 (9):2796-805. Epub 1900 01 01.

In vivo confocal fluorescence imaging of the intratumor distribution of the photosensitizer mono-L-aspartylchlorin-e6.

Mitra S, Foster TH

Neoplasia : an international journal for oncology research.. 2008 May 10 (5):429-38. Epub 1900 01 01.

Respiratory deficiency enhances the sensitivity of the pathogenic fungus Candida to photodynamic treatment.

Chabrier-Roselló Y, Foster TH, Mitra S, Haidaris CG

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2008 84 (5):1141-8. Epub 01/29/2008.

Monitoring Pc 4 photodynamic therapy in clinical trials of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma using noninvasive spectroscopy.

Lee TK, Baron ED, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2008 13 (3):030507. Epub 1900 01 01.

Antibody-labeled fluorescence imaging of dendritic cell populations in vivo.

Cummings RJ, Mitra S, Lord EM, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2008 13 (4):044041. Epub 1900 01 01.

Ca2+ release dynamics in parotid and pancreatic exocrine acinar cells evoked by spatially limited flash photolysis.

Won JH, Cottrell WJ, Foster TH, Yule DI

American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology.. 2007 December 293 (6):G1166-77. Epub 09/27/2007.

Lysosome-damage-induced scattering changes coincide with release of cytochrome c.

Wilson JD, Giesselman BR, Mitra S, Foster TH

Optics letters.. 2007 September 132 (17):2517-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Microscope enabling multimodality imaging, angle-resolved scattering, and scattering spectroscopy.

Cottrell WJ, Wilson JD, Foster TH

Optics letters.. 2007 August 1532 (16):2348-50. Epub 1900 01 01.

Spatial and temporal expression of herpes simplex virus type 1 amplicon-encoded genes: implications for their use as immunization vectors.

Santos K, Simon DA, Conway E, Bowers WJ, Mitra S, Foster TH, Lugade A, Lord EM, Federoff HJ, Dewhurst S, Frelinger JG

Human gene therapy.. 2007 February 18 (2):93-105. Epub 1900 01 01.

A comprehensive mathematical model of microscopic dose deposition in photodynamic therapy.

Wang KK, Mitra S, Foster TH

Medical physics.. 2007 January 34 (1):282-93. Epub 1900 01 01.

Index-of-refraction-dependent subcellular light scattering observed with organelle-specific dyes.

Wilson JD, Cottrell WJ, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2007 12 (1):014010. Epub 1900 01 01.

Characterization of lysosomal contribution to whole-cell light scattering by organelle ablation.

Wilson JD, Foster TH

Journal of biomedical optics.. 2007 12 (3):030503. Epub 1900 01 01.

Irradiation-induced enhancement of Pc 4 fluorescence and changes in light scattering are potential dosimeters for Pc 4-PDT.

Wang KK, Wilson JD, Kenney ME, Mitra S, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2007 83 (5):1056-62. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photodynamic therapy mediates the oxygen-independent activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha.

Mitra S, Cassar SE, Niles DJ, Puskas JA, Frelinger JG, Foster TH

Molecular cancer therapeutics.. 2006 December 5 (12):3268-74. Epub 1900 01 01.

Confocal fluorescence polarization microscopy in turbid media: effects of scattering-induced depolarization.

Bigelow CE, Foster TH

Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision.. 2006 November 23 (11):2932-43. Epub 1900 01 01.

Preferential attachment of peritoneal tumor metastases to omental immune aggregates and possible role of a unique vascular microenvironment in metastatic survival and growth.

Gerber SA, Rybalko VY, Bigelow CE, Lugade AA, Foster TH, Frelinger JG, Lord EM

The American journal of pathology.. 2006 November 169 (5):1739-52. Epub 1900 01 01.

Confocal fluorescence polarization microscopy in turbid media: Effects of scattering-induced depolarization.

Bigelow CE, Foster TH.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. 2006; 23: 2932-2943.

A portable instrument that integrates irradiation with fluorescence and reflectance spectroscopies during clinical photodynamic therapy of cutaneous disease

Cottrell, W.J.; Oseroff, A.R.; Foster, T.H.

Review of Scientific Instruments. 2006; 77: 064302.

Sensitivity of Candida albicans germ tubes and biofilms to photofrin-mediated phototoxicity.

Chabrier-Roselló Y, Foster TH, Pérez-Nazario N, Mitra S, Haidaris CG

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy.. 2005 October 49 (10):4288-95. Epub 1900 01 01.

Mie theory interpretations of light scattering from intact cells.

Wilson JD, Foster TH

Optics letters.. 2005 September 1530 (18):2442-4. Epub 1900 01 01.

Recovery of hemoglobin oxygen saturation and intrinsic fluorescence with a forward-adjoint model.

Finlay JC, Foster TH

Applied optics.. 2005 April 144 (10):1917-33. Epub 1900 01 01.

Light scattering from intact cells reports oxidative-stress-induced mitochondrial swelling.

Wilson JD, Bigelow CE, Calkins DJ, Foster TH

Biophysical journal.. 2005 April 88 (4):2929-38. Epub 01/14/2005.

Recovery of hemoglobin oxygen sautration and intrinsic flurorescence using a forward adjoint model.

Finaly JC, Foster TH.

Appl. Optics. 2005; 44: 1917-1933.

Temporally and spatially heterogeneous distribution of mTHPC in a murine tumor observed by two-color confocal fluorescence imaging and spectroscopy in a whole-mount model.

Mitra S, Maugain E, Bolotine L, Guillemin F, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2005 81 (5):1123-30. Epub 1900 01 01.

Fluorescence anisotropy imaging reveals localization of meso-tetrahydroxyphenyl chlorin in the nuclear envelope.

Foster TH, Pearson BD, Mitra S, Bigelow CE

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2005 81 (6):1544-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photobleaching kinetics of Photofrin in vivo and in multicell tumour spheroids indicate two simultaneous bleaching mechanisms.

Finlay JC, Mitra S, Patterson MS, Foster TH

Physics in medicine and biology.. 2004 November 749 (21):4837-60. Epub 1900 01 01.

Imaging enzyme activity with polarization-sensitive confocal fluorescence microscopy.

Bigelow CE, Vishwasrao HD, Frelinger JG, Foster TH

Journal of microscopy.. 2004 July 215 (Pt 1):24-33. Epub 1900 01 01.

Susceptibility of Candida species to photodynamic effects of photofrin.

Bliss JM, Bigelow CE, Foster TH, Haidaris CG

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy.. 2004 June 48 (6):2000-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Carbogen breathing significantly enhances the penetration of red light in murine tumours in vivo.

Mitra S, Foster TH

Physics in medicine and biology.. 2004 May 2149 (10):1891-904. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effect of pigment packaging on diffuse reflectance spectroscopy of samples containing red blood cells.

Finlay JC, Foster TH

Optics letters.. 2004 May 129 (9):965-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Activation of heat shock protein 70 promoter with meso-tetrahydroxyphenyl chlorin photodynamic therapy reported by green fluorescent protein in vitro and in vivo.

Mitra S, Goren EM, Frelinger JG, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2003 December 78 (6):615-22. Epub 1900 01 01.

Confocal fluorescence spectroscopy and anisotropy imaging system.

Bigelow CE, Conover DL, Foster TH

Optics letters.. 2003 May 128 (9):695-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effect of irradiation fluence rate on the efficacy of photodynamic therapy and tumor oxygenation in meta-tetra (hydroxyphenyl) chlorin (mTHPC)-sensitized HT29 xenografts in nude mice.

Coutier S, Bezdetnaya LN, Foster TH, Parache RM, Guillemin F

Radiation research.. 2002 September 158 (3):339-45. Epub 1900 01 01.

Reverse intersystem crossing in rose bengal. II. Fluence dependence of fluorescence following 532 nm laser excitation.

Larkin JM, Donaldson WR, Knox RS, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2002 March 75 (3):221-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

In vivo mTHPC photobleaching in normal rat skin exhibits unique irradiance-dependent features.

Finlay JC, Mitra S, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2002 March 75 (3):282-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Endovascular treatment using low-power ultraviolet laser for delayed vasospasm in the rabbit carotid artery model.

Nakai K, Numaguchi Y, Foster TH, Shima K, Kikuchi M

AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology.. 2002 23 (10):1725-31. Epub 1900 01 01.

ALA- and ALA-hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX fluorescence and distribution in multicell tumour spheroids.

Bigelow CE, Mitra S, Knuechel R, Foster TH

British journal of cancer.. 2001 September 185 (5):727-34. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photochemical oxygen consumption, oxygen evolution and spectral changes during UVA irradiation of EMT6 spheroids.

Mitra S, Finlay JC, McNeill D, Conover DL, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2001 June 73 (6):703-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effects of fluence rate on cell survival and photobleaching in meta-tetra-(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin-photosensitized Colo 26 multicell tumor spheroids.

Coutier S, Mitra S, Bezdetnaya LN, Parache RM, Georgakoudi I, Foster TH, Guillemin F

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2001 March 73 (3):297-303. Epub 1900 01 01.

Porphyrin bleaching and PDT-induced spectral changes are irradiance dependent in ALA-sensitized normal rat skin in vivo.

Finlay JC, Conover DL, Hull EL, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 2001 January 73 (1):54-63. Epub 1900 01 01.

Cytochrome spectroscopy in scattering suspensions containing mitochondria and red blood cells

E.L. Hull and T.H. Foster.

Appl. Spectrosc. 2001; 18: 149-151.

Retrofitted confocal laser scanner for a commercial inverted fluorescence microscope. Rev. Sci. Instrum

C.E. Bigelow, C.J. Harkrider, D.L. Conover, T.H. Foster, I. Georgakoudi, S. Mitra, M.G. Nichols, and M. Rajadhyaksha.

Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2001; 72: 3407-3410.

Steady-state reflectance spectroscopy in the P3 approximation.

Hull EL, Foster TH.

J. Opt. Soc. Am.A. 2001; 18: 584-599.

An evaluation of near infrared spectroscopy and cryospectrophotometry estimates of haemoglobin oxygen saturation in a rodent mammary tumour model.

Conover DL, Fenton BM, Foster TH, Hull EL

Physics in medicine and biology.. 2000 September 45 (9):2685-700. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photochemical oxygen consumption sensitized by a porphyrin phosphorescent probe in two model systems.

Mitra S, Foster TH

Biophysical journal.. 2000 May 78 (5):2597-605. Epub 1900 01 01.

Carbogen-induced changes in rat mammary tumour oxygenation reported by near infrared spectroscopy.

Hull EL, Conover DL, Foster TH

British journal of cancer.. 1999 April 79 (11-12):1709-16. Epub 1900 01 01.

Hypoxia significantly reduces aminolaevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX synthesis in EMT6 cells.

Georgakoudi I, Keng PC, Foster TH

British journal of cancer.. 1999 March 79 (9-10):1372-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Reverse intersystem crossing from a triplet state of rose bengal populated by sequential 532- + 1064 - nm laser excitation

J.M. Larkin;W.R. Donaldson;T.H. Foster;R.S. Knox.

Chem. Phys. 1999; : 319-330.

Quantitative broadband near-infrared spectroscopy of tissue-simulating phantoms containing erythrocytes.

Hull EL, Nichols MG, Foster TH

Physics in medicine and biology.. 1998 November 43 (11):3381-404. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effects of the subcellular redistribution of two nile blue derivatives on photodynamic oxygen consumption.

Georgakoudi I, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 1998 July 68 (1):115-22. Epub 1900 01 01.

Singlet oxygen- versus nonsinglet oxygen-mediated mechanisms of sensitizer photobleaching and their effects on photodynamic dosimetry.

Georgakoudi I, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 1998 June 67 (6):612-25. Epub 1900 01 01.

E.L. Hull, M. G. Nichols, and T.H. Foster.

Localization of luminescent inhomogeneities in turbid

Time-dependent intracellular accumulation of delta-aminolevulinic acid, induction of porphyrin synthesis and subsequent phototoxicity.

Gibson SL, Havens JJ, Foster TH, Hilf R

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 1997 March 65 (3):416-21. Epub 1900 01 01.

The mechanism of Photofrin photobleaching and its consequences for photodynamic dosimetry.

Georgakoudi I, Nichols MG, Foster TH

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 1997 January 65 (1):135-44. Epub 1900 01 01.

Design and testing of a white light steady-state diffuse reflectance spectrometer for determination of optical properties of highly scattering systems

M.G. Nichols, E.L. Hull, and T.H. Foster.

Appl.Optics. 1997; : 93-104.

Response of Photofrin-sensitised mesothelioma xenografts to photodynamic therapy with 514 nm light.

Foster TH, Gibson SL, Raubertas RF

British journal of cancer.. 1996 April 73 (8):933-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effectiveness of delta-aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin as a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy in vivo.

Hua Z, Gibson SL, Foster TH, Hilf R

Cancer research.. 1995 April 1555 (8):1723-31. Epub 1900 01 01.

Efficacy of photodynamic therapy on original and recurrent rat mammary tumors.

Gibson SL, Nguyen ML, Foster TH, White G, Hilf R

Photochemistry and photobiology.. 1995 February 61 (2):196-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Oxygen diffusion and reaction kinetics in the photodynamic therapy of multicell tumour spheroids.

Nichols MG, Foster TH

Physics in medicine and biology.. 1994 December 39 (12):2161-81. Epub 1900 01 01.

Quantitative MRI of Gd-DTPA uptake in tumors: response to photodynamic therapy.

Kennedy SD, Szczepaniak LS, Gibson SL, Hilf R, Foster TH, Bryant RG

Magnetic resonance in medicine.. 1994 March 31 (3):292-301. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effects of photodynamic therapy on xenografts of human mesothelioma and rat mammary carcinoma in nude mice.

Gibson SL, Foster TH, Feins RH, Raubertas RF, Fallon MA, Hilf R

British journal of cancer.. 1994 March 69 (3):473-81. Epub 1900 01 01.

Fluence rate effects in photodynamic therapy of multicell tumor spheroids.

Foster TH, Hartley DF, Nichols MG, Hilf R

Cancer research.. 1993 March 1553 (6):1249-54. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photofrin and light induces microtubule depolymerization in cultured human endothelial cells.

Sporn LA, Foster TH

Cancer research.. 1992 June 1552 (12):3443-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Dosimetry in photodynamic therapy: oxygen and the critical importance of capillary density.

Foster TH, Gao L

Radiation research.. 1992 June 130 (3):379-83. Epub 1900 01 01.

Tissue conductivity modifies the magnetic resonance intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio at high frequencies.

Foster TH

Magnetic resonance in medicine.. 1992 February 23 (2):383-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

Photosensitized release of von Willebrand factor from cultured human endothelial cells.

Foster TH, Primavera MC, Marder VJ, Hilf R, Sporn LA

Cancer research.. 1991 June 1551 (12):3261-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Oxygen consumption and diffusion effects in photodynamic therapy.

Foster TH, Murant RS, Bryant RG, Knox RS, Gibson SL, Hilf R

Radiation research.. 1991 June 126 (3):296-303. Epub 1900 01 01.

Diagnosis of femoropopliteal venous thrombosis with MR imaging: a comparison of four MR pulse sequences.

Totterman S, Francis CW, Foster TH, Brenner B, Marder VJ, Bryant RG

AJR. American journal of roentgenology.. 1990 January 154 (1):175-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

A comparison of default and reduced bandwidth MR imaging of the spine at 1.5 T.

Ketonen L, Totterman S, Simon JH, Foster TH, Kido DK, Szumowski J, Joy SE

AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology.. 1990 11 (1):9-15. Epub 1900 01 01.

Reduced-bandwidth MR imaging of the head at 1.5 T1.

Simon JH, Foster TH, Ketonen L, Totterman S, Szumowski J, Kido DK, Manzione JV, Joy SE

Radiology.. 1989 September 172 (3):771-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

Dual cervical thoracic coil for spine magnetic resonance imaging.

Totterman S, Foster TH, Plewes DB, Simon JH, Ekholm S, Wicks A

Acta radiologica.. 1989 30 (6):661-4. Epub 1900 01 01.

Monitoring of therapy for deep vein thrombosis using magnetic resonance imaging.

Francis CW, Foster TH, Totterman S, Brenner B, Marder VJ, Bryant RG

Acta radiologica.. 1989 30 (4):445-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Normal and abnormal temporomandibular joint: MR imaging with surface coil.

Katzberg RW, Bessette RW, Tallents RH, Plewes DB, Manzione JV, Schenck JF, Foster TH, Hart HR

Radiology.. 1986 January 158 (1):183-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

NMR imaging shows water distribution and transport in plant root systems in situ

P.A. Bottomley, H.H. Rogers, and T.H. Foster.

Proc. Nat'l. Acad. Sci. 1986; 83: 87-89.

High resolution magnetic resonance imaging using surface coils.

Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Hussain MA

Magnetic resonance annual. 1986 :123-60. Epub 1900 01 01.

MR imaging of the optic nerve and sheath: correcting the chemical shift misregistration effect.

Daniels DL, Kneeland JB, Shimakawa A, Pojunas KW, Schenck JF, Hart H, Foster T, Williams AL, Haughton VM

AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology.. 1986 7 (2):249-53. Epub 1900 01 01.

Surface-coil magnetic resonance imaging of the internal auditory canal.

Daniels DL, Schenck JF, Foster T, Hart H, Millen SJ, Meyer GA, Pech P, Shaffer KA, Haughton VM

AJR. American journal of roentgenology.. 1985 September 145 (3):469-72. Epub 1900 01 01.

Ocular and orbital lesions: surface coil MR imaging.

Bilaniuk LT, Schenck JF, Zimmerman RA, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Goldberg HI, Grossman RI

Radiology.. 1985 September 156 (3):669-74. Epub 1900 01 01.

Orbital magnetic resonance imaging.

Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT, Yanoff M, Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Redington RW, Hardy CJ

American journal of ophthalmology.. 1985 August 15100 (2):312-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Improved MR imaging of the orbit at 1.5 T with surface coils.

Schenck JF, Hart HR, Foster TH, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Redington RW, Hardy CJ, Zimmerman RA, Bilaniuk LT

AJR. American journal of roentgenology.. 1985 May 144 (5):1033-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

In vivo solvent-suppressed localized hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: a window to metabolism?

Bottomley PA, Edelstein WA, Foster TH, Adams WA

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.. 1985 April 82 (7):2148-52. Epub 1900 01 01.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the temporomandibular joint meniscus.

Katzberg RW, Schenck J, Roberts D, Tallents RH, Manzione JV, Hart HR, Foster TH, Wayne WS, Bessette RW

Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology.. 1985 April 59 (4):332-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

Temporomandibular joint: magnetic resonance imaging.

Roberts D, Schenck J, Joseph P, Foster T, Hart H, Pettigrew J, Kundel HL, Edelstein W, Haber B

Radiology.. 1985 March 154 (3):829-30. Epub 1900 01 01.

Surface coil magnetic resonance imaging.

Edelstein WA, Schenck JF, Hart HR, Hardy CJ, Foster TH, Bottomley PA

JAMA.. 1985 February 8253 (6):828. Epub 1900 01 01.

High-field surface-coil MR imaging of localized anatomy.

Schenck JF, Foster TH, Henkes JL, Adams WJ, Hayes C, Hart HR, Edelstein WA, Bottomley PA, Wehrli FW

AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology.. 1985 6 (2):181-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the jugular foramen.

Daniels DL, Schenck JF, Foster T, Hart H, Millen SJ, Meyer GA, Pech P, Haughton VM

AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology.. 1985 6 (5):699-703. Epub 1900 01 01.

In vivo nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift imaging by selective irradiation.

Bottomley PA, Foster TH, Leue WM

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.. 1984 November 81 (21):6856-60. Epub 1900 01 01.

Chemical imaging of the brain by NMR.

Bottomley PA, Foster TH, Leue WM

Lancet.. 1984 May 191 (8386):1120. Epub 1900 01 01.

Depth resolved surface coil spectroscopy (DRESS) for in vivo 1H, 31P, and 13C

P.A. Bottomley;T.H. Foster;R.D.Darrow.

J. Magn. Reson. 1984; 59: 338-342.