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Benjamin Chapman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Benjamin Chapman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Contact

Call Center (585) 276-3000

About Me

Professional Background

Ben Chapman completed his psychology PhD at the University of North Texas in 2005, trained on a National Research Service Award fellowship in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center from 2005-2008, joined the faculty as an assistant professor in 2008 with a K08 awa...
Ben Chapman completed his psychology PhD at the University of North Texas in 2005, trained on a National Research Service Award fellowship in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center from 2005-2008, joined the faculty as an assistant professor in 2008 with a K08 award from the National Institute on Aging, completed an MPH in 2010 in the Department of Community and Preventive Medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, and is finishing an MS in statistics in the Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, expected in Fall 2015. He has been an associate professor since 2013. He serves on the editorial boards for the journals Psychology and Aging and Frontiers in Psychology, is a member of the Social, Personality, and Interpersonal Processes study section at the National Institute of Health's Center for Scientific Review, and consults periodically with the National Institute on Aging. He teaches and mentors post-doctoral fellows and graduate students, and his research spans topics from personality and healthy aging, to lifecourse models of socioeconomic health disparities, to quantitative methods in the behavioral and health sciences.

Faculty Appointments

Professor - Department of Psychiatry, Research (SMD)

Credentials

Awards

Consultant. 2014

"Rising Stars" White House Public Policy Workshop. 2013

Member. 2012 - 2014

Nominee, Early Career Development Award (Personality Research). 2010

Outstanding Reviewer Award. 2008 - 2010

Dissertation Award for Research Achievement in the Social Sciences. 2006

Psychology Department nominee. 2005

Psychology Department nominee, Student of the Year. 2004

Ellen Ladenberger Award for Outstanding Graduate Student in the Psychology Department. 2004

Kappa Kappa Gamma Outstanding Undergraduate Instructor Recognition. 2003

Ellen Ladenberger Award for Outstanding Graduate Student in the Psychology Department. 2003

Research

My research focuses on the interface between social class and individual psychological traits related to "healthy aging". The social patterning of health is well understood, and attributed to fundamental social forces producing socioeconomic stratification. The role of the individual in these proces...
My research focuses on the interface between social class and individual psychological traits related to "healthy aging". The social patterning of health is well understood, and attributed to fundamental social forces producing socioeconomic stratification. The role of the individual in these processes is less well understood, and subject to competing hypotheses with differing policy implications. Some models attributing people's individual traits, as well as the health risk they pose, to social class and other broader societal forces. Support for these models favors health policy based on the concept of social or collective responsibility for the health of persons. Models attributing social gradients in health to personality or cognitive traits point toward health policies based on "personal responsibility". Economic, population health, ethical, and social theory implications differ substantially between these two classes of models.

My work examines these issues in the context of three kinds of health outcomes. First, longevity is the most fundamental of all definitions of successful aging. Second, inflammatory biomarkers provide a semi-objective indicator of systemic integrity, as well as information about antecedents or sequelae of common diseases of aging. Third, cognitive function is a crucial element of "successful aging". A final aspect of my work involves methodology connected to many of these questions, including psychometrics and measurement, applications of machine learning within behavioral and health sciences, and large scale hypothesis testing.

Publications

Journal Articles

Consumer Decision-Making Abilities and Long-Term Care Insurance Purchase.

McGarry BE, Tempkin-Greener H, Grabowski DC, Chapman BP, Li Y

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences.. 2018 April 1673 (4):e1-e10. Epub 1900 01 01.

Hay fever in childhood, traits Neuroticism and Conscientiousness as independent predictors of the occurrence of hay fever in adulthood.

Cheng H, Deighton J, Wolpert M, Chapman BP, Kornilaki EN, Treglown L, Furnham A

Journal of health psychology.. 2016 October 21 (10):2367-75. Epub 04/02/2015.

Personality and the leading behavioral contributors of mortality.

Turiano NA, Chapman BP, Gruenewald TL, Mroczek DK

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association.. 2015 January 34 (1):51-60. Epub 12/23/2013.

Personalizing mortality prediction with psychosocial questionnaire data

Chapman, B.P.; Weiss, A.; Fiscella, K.F.; Muening, P.M.; Duberstein, P.R.

Medical Care. 2015; .

Realistic Affective Forecasting

Hoerger, M.; Quirk, S.; Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P.

Cognition and Emotion. 2015; .

Stress regulation as a mechanism linking executive function and pre-frailty

Roiland, R.; Lin. F.; Phelan, C.; Chapman, B.P.

Journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging. 2015; .

Impact of Rochester Medical Home Initiative on primary care practices, quality, and utilization Costs

Rosenthal, M.B.; Sinaiko, A.D.; Eastman, D.; Chapman, B.; Partridge, G.

2015; .

Fatigability disrupts cognitive processes' regulation of inflammatory reactivity in old age.

Lin F, Roiland R, Polesskaya O, Chapman B, Johnson M, Brasch J, Chen DG, Mapstone M

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.. 2014 December 22 (12):1544-54. Epub 12/07/2013.

Perceived control reduces mortality risk at low, not high, education levels.

Turiano NA, Chapman BP, Agrigoroaei S, Infurna FJ, Lachman M

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association.. 2014 August 33 (8):883-90. Epub 02/03/2014.

Personality Change Pre- to Post- Loss in Spousal Caregivers of Patients with Terminal Lung Cancer.

Hoerger M, Chapman BP, Prigerson HG, Fagerlin A, Mohile SG, Epstein RM, Lyness JM, Duberstein PR

Social psychological and personality science.. 2014 August 5 (6):722-729. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality-informed interventions for healthy aging: conclusions from a National Institute on Aging work group.

Chapman BP, Hampson S, Clarkin J

Developmental psychology.. 2014 May 50 (5):1426-41. Epub 08/26/2013.

Dr. Chapman replies.

Chapman BP

American journal of epidemiology.. 2014 March 15179 (6):793-4. Epub 02/05/2014.

Measurement Confounding Affects the Extent to Which Verbal IQ Explains Social Gradients in Mortality.

Chapman, B.P.; Fiscella, K.; Duberstein, P.; Kawachi, I.; Muening, P.

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2014; 68: 728-733.

Regulatory focus affects physician risk tolerance.

Veazie PJ, McIntosh S, Chapman BP, Dolan JG

Health psychology research.. 2014 2 (2):85-88. Epub 1900 01 01.

Emotion suppression and mortality risk over a 12-year follow-up.

Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Kawachi I, Duberstein P, Muennig P

Journal of psychosomatic research.. 2013 October 75 (4):381-5. Epub 08/06/2013.

Invited commentary: Personality phenotype and mortality--new avenues in genetic, social, and clinical epidemiology.

Chapman BP

American journal of epidemiology.. 2013 September 1178 (5):676-8. Epub 08/01/2013.

Is personality associated with health care use by older adults?

Friedman B, Veazie PJ, Chapman BP, Manning WG, Duberstein PR

The Milbank quarterly.. 2013 September 91 (3):491-527. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality and physician-assessed illness burden in older primary care patients over 4 years.

Chapman BP, Roberts B, Lyness J, Duberstein P

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.. 2013 August 21 (8):737-46. Epub 02/06/2013.

Personality and physical functioning among older adults: the moderating role of education.

Jaconelli A, Stephan Y, Canada B, Chapman BP

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences.. 2013 July 68 (4):553-7. Epub 10/15/2012.

Depressive symptoms, pain, chronic medical morbidity, and interleukin-6 among primary care patients.

Poleshuck EL, Talbot NL, Moynihan JA, Chapman BP, Heffner KL

Pain medicine : the official journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine.. 2013 May 14 (5):686-91. Epub 04/22/2013.

Hierarchical Structure of the Eysenck Personality Inventory in a Large Population Sample: Goldberg's Trait-Tier Mapping Procedure.

Chapman BP, Weiss A, Barrett P, Duberstein P

Personality and individual differences.. 2013 March 154 (4):479-484. Epub 1900 01 01.

Big 5 personality traits and interleukin-6: evidence for "healthy Neuroticism" in a US population sample.

Turiano NA, Mroczek DK, Moynihan J, Chapman BP

Brain, behavior, and immunity.. 2013 February 28 :83-9. Epub 10/31/2012.

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for older adults: effects on executive function, frontal alpha asymmetry and immune function.

Moynihan JA, Chapman BP, Klorman R, Krasner MS, Duberstein PR, Brown KW, Talbot NL

Neuropsychobiology. 2013 68 (1):34-43. Epub 06/15/2013.

Personality factors moderate the associations between apolipoprotein genotype and cognitive function as well as late onset Alzheimer disease.

Dar-Nimrod I, Chapman BP, Franks P, Robbins J, Porsteinsson A, Mapstone M, Duberstein PR

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.. 2012 December 20 (12):1026-35. Epub 1900 01 01.

Gene by neuroticism interaction and cognitive function among older adults.

Dar-Nimrod I, Chapman BP, Robbins JA, Porsteinsson A, Mapstone M, Duberstein PR

International journal of geriatric psychiatry.. 2012 November 27 (11):1147-54. Epub 01/04/2012.

Emotional intelligence: a theoretical framework for individual differences in affective forecasting.

Hoerger M, Chapman BP, Epstein RM, Duberstein PR

Emotion.. 2012 August 12 (4):716-25. Epub 01/16/2012.

Personality predicts cognitive over seven years in older persons

Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P.R.; Sink, K.M.; Tindle, H.A.; Robbins, J.; Franks, P.

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2012; 20(7): 612-621.

The relationship of preparation for future care and depression and anxiety in primary care patients

Sörensen, S.; Mak, W.; Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P.R.; Lyness, J.M.

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2012; 20(10): 887-894.

Coolness: An Empirical Investigation

Dar-Nimrod, I.; Hansen, I. G.; Proulx, T.; Lehman, D. R.; Chapman, B. P.; Duberstein, P. R.

Journal of Individual Differences. 2012; 32(1): 175-185.

Affective forecasting and self-rated symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hypomania: evidence for a dysphoric forecasting bias.

Hoerger M, Quirk SW, Chapman BP, Duberstein PR

Cognition & emotion.. 2012 26 (6):1098-106. Epub 03/07/2012.

Replicability and 40-year predictive power of childhood ARC types.

Chapman BP, Goldberg LR

Journal of personality and social psychology.. 2011 September 101 (3):593-606. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality and risk for Alzheimer's disease in adults 72 years of age and older: a 6-year follow-up.

Duberstein PR, Chapman BP, Tindle HA, Sink KM, Bamonti P, Robbins J, Jerant AF, Franks P

Psychology and aging.. 2011 June 26 (2):351-62. Epub 1900 01 01.

Detection of depression in older adults by family and friends: distinguishing mood disorder signals from the noise of personality and everyday life.

Duberstein PR, Ma Y, Chapman BP, Conwell Y, McGriff J, Coyne JC, Franus N, Heisel MJ, Kaukeinen KA, Sörensen S, Tu XM, Lyness JM

International psychogeriatrics. 2011 May 23 (4):634-43. Epub 09/30/2010.

Openness and conscientiousness predict 34-week patterns of Interleukin-6 in older persons.

Chapman BP, van Wingaarden E, Seplaki CL, Talbot N, Duberstein P, Moynihan J

Brain, behavior, and immunity.. 2011 May 25 (4):667-73. Epub 01/15/2011.

Moderating effects of moderate-intensity physical activity in the relationship between depressive symptoms and interleukin-6 in primary care patients.

Rethorst CD, Moynihan J, Lyness JM, Heffner KL, Chapman BP

Psychosomatic medicine.. 2011 April 73 (3):265-9. Epub 03/01/2011.

The NEO-FFI in Multiple Sclerosis: internal consistency, factorial validity, and correspondence between self and informant reports.

Schwartz ES, Chapman BP, Duberstein PR, Weinstock-Guttman B, Benedict RH

Assessment.. 2011 March 18 (1):39-49. Epub 05/19/2010.

Agreement between informant and self-reported personality in depressed older adults: What are the roles of medical illness and cognitive function?

Hoerger, M.; Chapman, B.P.; Ma, Y.; Tu, X.; Useda, D.; Duberstein, P.R.

Psychology and Aging. 2011; 26: 1000-1006.

Elevated sleep disturbance among blacks in an urban family medicine practice.

Pigeon WR, Heffner K, Duberstein P, Fiscella K, Moynihan J, Chapman BP

Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM.. 2011 24 (2):161-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality and longevity: knowns, unknowns, and implications for public health and personalized medicine.

Chapman BP, Roberts B, Duberstein P

Journal of aging research.. 2011 2011 :759170. Epub 07/10/2011.

Social inequalities in the occurrence of suicidal ideation among older primary care patients.

Cohen A, Chapman BP, Gilman SE, Delmerico AM, Wieczorek W, Duberstein PR, Lyness JM

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.. 2010 December 18 (12):1146-54. Epub 1900 01 01.

Role stress, interrole conflict, and job satisfaction among university employees: the creation and test of a model.

Love KM, Tatman AW, Chapman BP

Journal of employment counseling.. 2010 March 47 (1)Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality, socioeconomic status, and all-cause mortality in the United States.

Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Kawachi I, Duberstein PR

American journal of epidemiology.. 2010 January 1171 (1):83-92. Epub 12/04/2009.

A continuing education program in mindful education

Chapman, B.P.; Epstein, R.; Krasner, M.

JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association. 2010; 303: 331.

Effects of personality on self-rated health in a 1-year randomized controlled trial of chronic illness self-management

Jerant, A.; Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P.; Franks, P.

British Journal of Health Psychology. 2010; 15: 321-335.

Detection of depression in older adults by family and friends: Distinguishing the signal of mood disorder from the noise of everyday life

Duberstein, P.R.; McGriff, J.; Ma, Y.; Chapman, B.P.; Conwell, Y.; Coyne, J.C.; Heisel, M.J.; Johnson, K.A.; Sörensen, S.; Tu, X.M.; Lyness, J.M.

International Psychogeriatrics. 2010; 23: 634-643.

Engaging physician in change: Results of a safety net quality improvement program to reduce overuse

Cammisa, C.; Partridge, G.; Buehrer, T.; Ardans, C.; Chapman, B.; Beckman, H.

American Journal of Medical Quality. 2010; 25: 1-8.

Extraversion predicts higher IgG titers in response to antigen challenge in older adults

Knight, J.M.; Chapman, B.P.; Talbot, N.L.; Duberstein, P.R.; Krasner, M.D.; Moynihan, J.A.

Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2010; 24: S13.

History of sudden unexpected loss is associated with elevated interleukin-6 and decreased insulin-like growth factor-1 in women in an urban primary care setting.

Cankaya B, Chapman BP, Talbot NL, Moynihan J, Duberstein PR

Psychosomatic medicine.. 2009 November 71 (9):914-9. Epub 10/29/2009.

The brain-skin connection: role of psychosocial factors and neuropeptides in psoriasis.

Chapman BP, Moynihan J

Expert review of clinical immunology.. 2009 November 5 (6):623-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Differences between individual and societal health state valuations: any link with personality?

Chapman BP, Franks P, Duberstein PR, Jerant A

Medical care.. 2009 August 47 (8):902-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Gender, race/ethnicity, personality, and interleukin-6 in urban primary care patients.

Chapman BP, Khan A, Harper M, Stockman D, Fiscella K, Walton J, Duberstein P, Talbot N, Lyness JM, Moynihan J

Brain, behavior, and immunity.. 2009 July 23 (5):636-42. Epub 12/31/2008.

Can the influence of childhood socioeconomic status on men's and women's adult body mass be explained by adult socioeconomic status or personality? Findings from a national sample.

Chapman BP, Fiscella K, Duberstein P, Kawachi I, Coletta M

Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association.. 2009 July 28 (4):419-27. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality traits predict emergency department utilization over 3 years in older patients.

Chapman BP, Shah M, Friedman B, Drayer R, Duberstein PR, Lyness JM

The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry.. 2009 June 17 (6):526-35. Epub 1900 01 01.

PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THE WORKING ALLIANCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY TRAINEES: AN ORGANIZING ROLE FORTHE FIVE FACTOR MODEL?

Chapman BP, Talbot N, Tatman AW, Brition PC

Journal of social and clinical psychology.. 2009 May 28 (5)Epub 1900 01 01.

One-year outcomes of minor and subsyndromal depression in older primary care patients.

Lyness JM, Chapman BP, McGriff J, Drayer R, Duberstein PR

International psychogeriatrics. 2009 February 21 (1):60-8. Epub 09/12/2008.

Education and smoking: confounding or effect modification by phenotypic personality traits?

Chapman, B.P.; Fiscella, K.; Duberstein, P.; Kawachi, I.

Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2009; 38: 237-248.

Is personality a key predictor of missing study data? An analysis from a randomized controlled trial.

Jerant A, Chapman BP, Duberstein P, Franks P

Annals of family medicine.. 2009 7 (2):148-56. Epub 1900 01 01.

Physician personality characteristics and inquiry about mood symptoms in primary care.

Duberstein PR, Chapman BP, Epstein RM, McCollumn KR, Kravitz RL

Journal of general internal medicine.. 2008 November 23 (11):1791-5. Epub 09/09/2008.

Personality and EQ-5D scores among individuals with chronic conditions.

Jerant A, Chapman BP, Franks P

Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation.. 2008 November 17 (9):1195-204. Epub 10/07/2008.

Patient-centered communication during primary care visits for depressive symptoms: what is the role of physician personality?

Chapman BP, Duberstein PR, Epstein RM, Fiscella K, Kravitz RL

Medical care.. 2008 August 46 (8):806-12. Epub 1900 01 01.

Gender Differences in Five Factor Model Personality Traits in an Elderly Cohort: Extension of Robust and Surprising Findings to an Older Generation.

Chapman BP, Duberstein PR, Sörensen S, Lyness JM

Personality and individual differences.. 2007 October 43 (6):1594-1603. Epub 1900 01 01.

Personality and medical illness burden among older adults in primary care.

Chapman BP, Lyness JM, Duberstein P

Psychosomatic medicine.. 2007 April 69 (3):277-82. Epub 03/30/2007.

Personality and perceived health in older adults: the five factor model in primary care.

Chapman BP, Duberstein PR, Sörensen S, Lyness JM

The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences.. 2006 November 61 (6):P362-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

Emotional intelligence in young and middle adulthood: cross-sectional analysis of latent structure and means.

Chapman BP, Hayslip B

Psychology and aging.. 2006 June 21 (2):411-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Incremental validity of a measure of emotional intelligence.

Chapman BP, Hayslip B

Journal of personality assessment.. 2005 October 85 (2):154-69. Epub 1900 01 01.

Body image, eating behaviors, and attitudes toward exercise among gay and straight men.

Kaminski PL, Chapman BP, Haynes SD, Own L

Eating behaviors.. 2005 June 6 (3):179-87. Epub 12/13/2004.

Mindfulness to improve elders' immune and health status. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Moynihan, J.A.; Klorman, R.; Chapman, B.P.; Duberstein, P.R.; Brown, K.W.; Krasner, M.; Xia, Y.; Tu, X.; Talbot, N.L.

Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 47: 20-29.