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Edmund C. Lalor, Ph.D.

Edmund C. Lalor, Ph.D.

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About Me

Faculty Appointments

Associate Professor - Department of Neuroscience (SMD) - Joint

Research

Ed Lalor received the B.E. degree in electronic engineering from University College Dublin, Ireland in 1998 and the M.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California in 1999. After periods working as a silicon design engineer for a Dublin-based company and a primary s...
Ed Lalor received the B.E. degree in electronic engineering from University College Dublin, Ireland in 1998 and the M.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California in 1999. After periods working as a silicon design engineer for a Dublin-based company and a primary school teacher for children with learning difficulties, Ed joined MIT's Media Lab Europe, where he worked from 2002-2005 as a research scientist investigating brain-computer interfacing and attentional mechanisms in the brain. This research led to a PhD in biomedical engineering which was completed through UCD in 2006. Subsequently, he spent 2 years in New York working as a postdoctoral research fellow in the Cognitive Neurophysiology Laboratory at the Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research and as an adjunct assistant professor in the City College of New York. He returned to a position as a Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Research Fellow based at the Institute of Neuroscience and the Centre for Bioengineering in Trinity College Dublin in 2008. Following a brief stint at University College London's Institute of Ophthalmology, he returned to Trinity College Dublin as an Ussher Assistant Professor in 2011. In 2016, he joined the Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience at the University of Rochester as an Associate Professor.
Research in the Lalor lab seeks to explore quantitative modelling approaches to the analysis of sensory electrophysiology in humans. Such a framework has two important advantages over more traditional approaches to this type of research:

1. It enables the examination of the neural processing of natural stimuli such as speech, music and video, thereby facilitating the flexible design of highly naturalistic cognitive neuroscience experiments.

2. It allows for improved spatiotemporal resolution and (accordingly) improved interpretability of non-invasively recorded neuro-electric responses to such naturalistic stimuli.

We seek not only to develop these modelling approaches, but also to exploit them in tackling a number of specific cognitive and clinical neuroscience questions. In terms of cognition much of this work has focused on how we direct our attention to behaviourally relevant stimuli in our environment. This includes studies on visual spatial attention and more recent work on the cocktail party problem. In addition, we are interested in how we integrate visual and auditory information when processing natural speech. In terms of clinical research, through collaboration, we investigate these sensory processing questions in patients with schizophrenia and in children with developmental disorders.

Publications

Journal Articles

A representation of abstract linguistic categories in the visual system underlies successful lipreading.

Nidiffer AR, Cao CZ, O'Sullivan A, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2023 September 25 :120391. Epub 09/25/2023.

A standardised open science framework for sharing and re-analysing neural data acquired to continuous sensory stimuli.

Liberto GMD, Nidiffer A, Crosse MJ, Zuk N, Haro S, Cantisani G, Winchester MM, Igoe A, McCrann R, Chandra S, Lalor EC, Baruzzo G

ArXiv.. 2023 September 19 Epub 09/19/2023.

The effect of gaze on EEG measures of multisensory integration in a cocktail party scenario.

Ahmed F, Nidiffer AR, Lalor EC

bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology.. 2023 August 24 Epub 08/24/2023.

The integration of continuous audio and visual speech in a cocktail-party environment depends on attention.

Ahmed F, Nidiffer AR, O'Sullivan AE, Zuk NJ, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2023 April 28 :120143. Epub 04/28/2023.

Incorporating models of subcortical processing improves the ability to predict EEG responses to natural speech.

Lindboom E, Nidiffer A, Carney LH, Lalor EC

Hearing research.. 2023 April 10433 :108767. Epub 04/10/2023.

The effect of gaze on EEG measures of multisensory integration in a cocktail party scenario.

Ahmed F, Nidiffer AR, Lalor EC

Frontiers in human neuroscience.. 2023 17 :1283206. Epub 12/15/2023.

General auditory and speech-specific contributions to cortical envelope tracking revealed using auditory chimeras.

Prinsloo KD, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2022 August 30 Epub 08/30/2022.

More than Words: Neurophysiological Correlates of Semantic Dissimilarity Depend on Comprehension of the Speech Narrative.

Broderick MP, Zuk NJ, Anderson AJ, Lalor EC

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2022 August 22 Epub 08/22/2022.

Attention differentially affects acoustic and phonetic feature encoding in a multispeaker environment.

Teoh ES, Ahmed F, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2021 December 2 Epub 12/02/2021.

Envelope reconstruction of speech and music highlights stronger tracking of speech at low frequencies.

Zuk NJ, Murphy JW, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

PLoS computational biology.. 2021 September 1717 (9):e1009358. Epub 09/17/2021.

Neurophysiological indices of audiovisual speech processing reveal a hierarchy of multisensory integration effects.

O'Sullivan AE, Crosse MJ, Di Liberto GM, Cheveigné A, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2021 April 2 Epub 04/02/2021.

Deep artificial neural networks reveal a distributed cortical network encoding propositional sentence-level meaning.

Anderson AJ, Kiela D, Binder JR, Fernandino L, Humphries CJ, Conant LL, Raizada RDS, Grimm S, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2021 March 22 Epub 03/22/2021.

Dissociable electrophysiological measures of natural language processing reveal differences in speech comprehension strategy in healthy ageing.

Broderick MP, Di Liberto GM, Anderson AJ, Rofes A, Lalor EC

Scientific reports.. 2021 March 211 (1):4963. Epub 03/02/2021.

Linear Modeling of Neurophysiological Responses to Speech and Other Continuous Stimuli: Methodological Considerations for Applied Research.

Crosse MJ, Zuk NJ, Di Liberto GM, Nidiffer AR, Molholm S, Lalor EC

Frontiers in neuroscience.. 2021 15 :705621. Epub 11/22/2021.

EEG-based classification of natural sounds reveals specialized responses to speech and music.

Zuk NJ, Teoh ES, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2020 January 18 :116558. Epub 01/18/2020.

Including Measures of High Gamma Power Can Improve the Decoding of Natural Speech From EEG.

Synigal SR, Teoh ES, Lalor EC

Frontiers in human neuroscience.. 2020 14 :130. Epub 04/29/2020.

Patterned functional network disruption in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Dukic S, McMackin R, Buxo T, Fasano A, Chipika R, Pinto-Grau M, Costello E, Schuster C, Hammond M, Heverin M, Coffey A, Broderick M, Iyer PM, Mohr K, Gavin B, Pender N, Bede P, Muthuraman M, Lalor EC, Hardiman O, Nasseroleslami B

Human brain mapping.. 2019 November 140 (16):4827-4842. Epub 07/26/2019.

Where is the cocktail party? Decoding locations of attended and unattended moving sound sources using EEG.

Bednar A, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2019 October 17 :116283. Epub 10/17/2019.

An integrated neural decoder of linguistic and experiential meaning.

James Anderson A, Binder JR, Fernandino L, Humphries CJ, Conant LL, Raizada RDS, Lin F, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2019 September 30 Epub 09/30/2019.

Semantic Context Enhances the Early Auditory Encoding of Natural Speech.

Broderick MP, Anderson AJ, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2019 September 1839 (38):7564-7575. Epub 08/01/2019.

Prosodic pitch processing is represented in delta-band EEG and is dissociable from the cortical tracking of other acoustic and phonetic features.

Teoh ES, Cappelloni MS, Lalor EC

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2019 July 9 Epub 07/09/2019.

Multiple Regions of a Cortical Network Commonly Encode the Meaning of Words in Multiple Grammatical Positions of Read Sentences.

Anderson AJ, Lalor EC, Lin F, Binder JR, Fernandino L, Humphries CJ, Conant LL, Raizada RDS, Grimm S, Wang X

Cerebral cortex.. 2019 June 129 (6):2396-2411. Epub 1900 01 01.

EEG decoding of the target speaker in a cocktail party scenario: considerations regarding dynamic switching of talker location.

Teoh ES, Lalor EC

Journal of neural engineering.. 2019 June 16 (3):036017. Epub 03/05/2019.

Characteristic Increases in EEG Connectivity Correlate With Changes of Structural MRI in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Nasseroleslami B, Dukic S, Broderick M, Mohr K, Schuster C, Gavin B, McLaughlin R, Heverin M, Vajda A, Iyer PM, Pender N, Bede P, Lalor EC, Hardiman O

Cerebral cortex.. 2019 January 129 (1):27-41. Epub 1900 01 01.

Dysfunction of attention switching networks in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

McMackin R, Dukic S, Broderick M, Iyer PM, Pinto-Grau M, Mohr K, Chipika R, Coffey A, Buxo T, Schuster C, Gavin B, Heverin M, Bede P, Pender N, Lalor EC, Muthuraman M, Hardiman O, Nasseroleslami B

NeuroImage. Clinical.. 2019 22 :101707. Epub 02/02/2019.

Neuroscience: Great Expectations at the Speech-Language Interface.

Anderson AJ, Broderick MP, Lalor EC

Current biology : CB.. 2018 December 1728 (24):R1396-R1398. Epub 1900 01 01.

Neural tracking of auditory motion is reflected by delta phase and alpha power of EEG.

Bednar A, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2018 November 1181 :683-691. Epub 07/24/2018.

Infant-directed speech facilitates seven-month-old infants' cortical tracking of speech.

Kalashnikova M, Peter V, Di Liberto GM, Lalor EC, Burnham D

Scientific reports.. 2018 September 138 (1):13745. Epub 09/13/2018.

Atypical cortical entrainment to speech in the right hemisphere underpins phonemic deficits in dyslexia.

Di Liberto GM, Peter V, Kalashnikova M, Goswami U, Burnham D, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2018 July 15175 :70-79. Epub 03/30/2018.

Electrophysiological Correlates of Semantic Dissimilarity Reflect the Comprehension of Natural, Narrative Speech.

Broderick MP, Anderson AJ, Di Liberto GM, Crosse MJ, Lalor EC

Current biology : CB.. 2018 March 528 (5):803-809.e3. Epub 02/22/2018.

Neuroscience: The Rhythms of Speech Understanding.

Lalor EC

Current biology : CB.. 2018 February 528 (3):R105-R108. Epub 1900 01 01.

Causal cortical dynamics of a predictive enhancement of speech intelligibility.

Di Liberto GM, Lalor EC, Millman RE

NeuroImage.. 2018 February 1166 :247-258. Epub 11/02/2017.

Preferred Tempo and Low-Audio-Frequency Bias Emerge From Simulated Sub-cortical Processing of Sounds With a Musical Beat.

Zuk NJ, Carney LH, Lalor EC

Frontiers in neuroscience.. 2018 12 :349. Epub 05/29/2018.

A gaze independent hybrid-BCI based on visual spatial attention.

Egan JM, Loughnane GM, Fletcher H, Meade E, Lalor EC

Journal of neural engineering.. 2017 August 14 (4):046006. Epub 1900 01 01.

Estimation of coherence using the median is robust against EEG artefacts.

Dukic S, Iyer PM, Mohr K, Hardiman O, Lalor EC, Nasseroleslami B

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2017 July 2017 :3949-3952. Epub 1900 01 01.

Different spatio-temporal electroencephalography features drive the successful decoding of binaural and monaural cues for sound localization.

Bednar A, Boland FM, Lalor EC

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2017 March 45 (5):679-689. Epub 02/06/2017.

Mismatch Negativity as an Indicator of Cognitive Sub-Domain Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Iyer PM, Mohr K, Broderick M, Gavin B, Burke T, Bede P, Pinto-Grau M, Pender NP, McLaughlin R, Vajda A, Heverin M, Lalor EC, Hardiman O, Nasseroleslami B

Frontiers in neurology. 2017 8 :395. Epub 08/15/2017.

An Investigation of Feasibility and Safety of Bi-Modal Stimulation for the Treatment of Tinnitus: An Open-Label Pilot Study.

Hamilton C, D'Arcy S, Pearlmutter BA, Crispino G, Lalor EC, Conlon BJ

Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society.. 2016 December 19 (8):832-837. Epub 06/16/2016.

Eye Can Hear Clearly Now: Inverse Effectiveness in Natural Audiovisual Speech Processing Relies on Long-Term Crossmodal Temporal Integration.

Crosse MJ, Di Liberto GM, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2016 September 2136 (38):9888-95. Epub 1900 01 01.

Target Selection Signals Influence Perceptual Decisions by Modulating the Onset and Rate of Evidence Accumulation.

Loughnane GM, Newman DP, Bellgrove MA, Lalor EC, Kelly SP, O'Connell RG

Current biology : CB.. 2016 February 2226 (4):496-502. Epub 02/04/2016.

Delayed P100-Like Latencies in Multiple Sclerosis: A Preliminary Investigation Using Visual Evoked Spread Spectrum Analysis.

Kiiski HS, Ní Riada S, Lalor EC, Gonçalves NR, Nolan H, Whelan R, Lonergan R, Kelly S, O'Brien MC, Kinsella K, Bramham J, Burke T, Ó Donnchadha S, Hutchinson M, Tubridy N, Reilly RB

PloS one.. 2016 11 (1):e0146084. Epub 01/04/2016.

Isolating Neural Indices of Continuous Speech Processing at the Phonetic Level.

Di Liberto GM, Lalor EC

Advances in experimental medicine and biology.. 2016 894 :337-345. Epub 1900 01 01.

The Multivariate Temporal Response Function (mTRF) Toolbox: A MATLAB Toolbox for Relating Neural Signals to Continuous Stimuli.

Crosse MJ, Di Liberto GM, Bednar A, Lalor EC

Frontiers in human neuroscience.. 2016 10 :604. Epub 11/30/2016.

Visual Cortical Entrainment to Motion and Categorical Speech Features during Silent Lipreading.

O'Sullivan AE, Crosse MJ, Di Liberto GM, Lalor EC

Frontiers in human neuroscience.. 2016 10 :679. Epub 01/11/2017.

Congruent Visual Speech Enhances Cortical Entrainment to Continuous Auditory Speech in Noise-Free Conditions.

Crosse MJ, Butler JS, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2015 October 2135 (42):14195-204. Epub 1900 01 01.

Low-Frequency Cortical Entrainment to Speech Reflects Phoneme-Level Processing.

Di Liberto GM, O'Sullivan JA, Lalor EC

Current biology : CB.. 2015 October 525 (19):2457-65. Epub 09/24/2015.

Impaired auditory selective attention ameliorated by cognitive training with graded exposure to noise in patients with traumatic brain injury.

Dundon NM, Dockree SP, Buckley V, Merriman N, Carton M, Clarke S, Roche RA, Lalor EC, Robertson IH, Dockree PM

Neuropsychologia.. 2015 August 75 :74-87. Epub 05/21/2015.

Improved decoding of attentional selection in a cocktail party environment with EEG via automatic selection of relevant independent components.

O'Sullivan JA, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2015 August 2015 :5740-3. Epub 1900 01 01.

Attentional Selection in a Cocktail Party Environment Can Be Decoded from Single-Trial EEG.

O'Sullivan JA, Power AJ, Mesgarani N, Rajaram S, Foxe JJ, Shinn-Cunningham BG, Slaney M, Shamma SA, Lalor EC

Cerebral cortex.. 2015 July 25 (7):1697-706. Epub 01/15/2014.

Evidence for Neural Computations of Temporal Coherence in an Auditory Scene and Their Enhancement during Active Listening.

O'Sullivan JA, Shamma SA, Lalor EC

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2015 May 635 (18):7256-63. Epub 1900 01 01.

Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence of opposing lateral visuospatial asymmetries in the upper and lower visual fields.

Loughnane GM, Shanley JP, Lalor EC, O'Connell RG

Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior.. 2015 February 63 :220-31. Epub 09/18/2014.

Functional Connectivity Changes in Resting-State EEG as Potential Biomarker for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Iyer PM, Egan C, Pinto-Grau M, Burke T, Elamin M, Nasseroleslami B, Pender N, Lalor EC, Hardiman O

PloS one.. 2015 10 (6):e0128682. Epub 06/19/2015.

Retraction.

Crosse MJ, Lalor EC

Journal of neurophysiology.. 2014 November 15112 (10):2667. Epub 1900 01 01.

Towards obtaining spatiotemporally precise responses to continuous sensory stimuli in humans: a general linear modeling approach to EEG.

Gonçalves NR, Whelan R, Foxe JJ, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2014 August 1597 :196-205. Epub 04/13/2014.

Modulation of early cortical processing during divided attention to non-contiguous locations.

Frey HP, Schmid AM, Murphy JW, Molholm S, Lalor EC, Foxe JJ

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2014 May 39 (9):1499-507. Epub 03/07/2014.

The cortical representation of the speech envelope is earlier for audiovisual speech than audio speech.

Crosse MJ, Lalor EC

Journal of neurophysiology.. 2014 April 111 (7):1400-8. Epub 01/08/2014.

Endogenous auditory frequency-based attention modulates electroencephalogram-based measures of obligatory sensory activity in humans.

Sheedy CM, Power AJ, Reilly RB, Crosse MJ, Loughnane GM, Lalor EC

Neuroreport.. 2014 March 525 (4):219-25. Epub 1900 01 01.

Decoding of attentional selection in a cocktail party environment from single-trial EEG is robust to task.

Lauteslager T, O'Sullivan JA, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2014 2014 :1318-21. Epub 1900 01 01.

Towards a gaze-independent hybrid-BCI based on SSVEPs, alpha-band modulations and the P300.

Loughnane GM, Meade E, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2014 2014 :1322-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

The cruciform model of striate generation of the early VEP, re-illustrated, not revoked: a reply to Ales et al. (2013).

Kelly SP, Vanegas MI, Schroeder CE, Lalor EC

NeuroImage.. 2013 November 1582 :154-9. Epub 06/02/2013.

Atypical cortical representation of peripheral visual space in children with an autism spectrum disorder.

Frey HP, Molholm S, Lalor EC, Russo NN, Foxe JJ

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2013 July 38 (1):2125-38. Epub 05/22/2013.

The effects of attention and visual input on the representation of natural speech in EEG.

O'Sullivan JA, Crosse MJ, Power AJ, Lalor EC

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2013 2013 :2800-3. Epub 1900 01 01.

Visual sensory processing deficits in schizophrenia: is there anything to the magnocellular account?

Lalor EC, De Sanctis P, Krakowski MI, Foxe JJ

Schizophrenia research.. 2012 August 139 (1-3):246-52. Epub 06/15/2012.

Isolating early cortical generators of visual-evoked activity: a systems identification approach.

Murphy JW, Kelly SP, Foxe JJ, Lalor EC

Experimental brain research.. 2012 July 220 (2):191-9. Epub 05/29/2012.

Adolescent impulsivity phenotypes characterized by distinct brain networks.

Whelan R, Conrod PJ, Poline JB, Lourdusamy A, Banaschewski T, Barker GJ, Bellgrove MA, Büchel C, Byrne M, Cummins TD, Fauth-Bühler M, Flor H, Gallinat J, Heinz A, Ittermann B, Mann K, Martinot JL, Lalor EC, Lathrop M, Loth E, Nees F, Paus T, Rietschel M, Smolka MN, Spanagel R, Stephens DN, Struve M, Thyreau B, Vollstaedt-Klein S, Robbins TW, Schumann G, Garavan H,

Nature neuroscience.. 2012 June 15 (6):920-5. Epub 1900 01 01.

At what time is the cocktail party? A late locus of selective attention to natural speech.

Power AJ, Foxe JJ, Forde EJ, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2012 May 35 (9):1497-503. Epub 03/30/2012.

Endogenous auditory spatial attention modulates obligatory sensory activity in auditory cortex.

Power AJ, Lalor EC, Reilly RB

Cerebral cortex.. 2011 June 21 (6):1223-30. Epub 11/10/2010.

Comparing linear and quadratic models of the human auditory system using EEG.

Power AJ, Reilly RB, Lalor EC

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2011 2011 :4171-4. Epub 1900 01 01.

Early spatial attentional modulation of inputs to the fovea.

Frey HP, Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Foxe JJ

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.. 2010 March 3130 (13):4547-51. Epub 1900 01 01.

Neural responses to uninterrupted natural speech can be extracted with precise temporal resolution.

Lalor EC, Foxe JJ

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2010 January 31 (1):189-93. Epub 12/21/2009.

The relationship between optimal and biologically plausible decoding of stimulus velocity in the retina.

Lalor EC, Ahmadian Y, Paninski L

Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision.. 2009 November 26 (11):B25-42. Epub 1900 01 01.

Resolving precise temporal processing properties of the auditory system using continuous stimuli.

Lalor EC, Power AJ, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ

Journal of neurophysiology.. 2009 July 102 (1):349-59. Epub 05/13/2009.

Dissecting the cellular contributions to early visual sensory processing deficits in schizophrenia using the VESPA evoked response.

Lalor EC, Yeap S, Reilly RB, Pearlmutter BA, Foxe JJ

Schizophrenia research.. 2008 January 98 (1-3):256-64. Epub 11/08/2007.

Isolating endogenous visuo-spatial attentional effects using the novel visual-evoked spread spectrum analysis (VESPA) technique.

Lalor EC, Kelly SP, Pearlmutter BA, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ

The European journal of neuroscience.. 2007 December 26 (12):3536-42. Epub 1900 01 01.

Eliciting audio evoked potentials using continuous stimuli.

Power AJ, Lalor EC, Reilly RB

Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2007 2007 :4264-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

The VESPA: a method for the rapid estimation of a visual evoked potential.

Lalor EC, Pearlmutter BA, Reilly RB, McDarby G, Foxe JJ

NeuroImage.. 2006 October 132 (4):1549-61. Epub 07/27/2006.

Increases in alpha oscillatory power reflect an active retinotopic mechanism for distracter suppression during sustained visuospatial attention.

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ

Journal of neurophysiology.. 2006 June 95 (6):3844-51. Epub 03/29/2006.

A spectrum of colors: investigating the temporal frequency characteristics of the human visual system using a system identification approach.

Lalor EC, Reilly RB, Pearlmutter BA, Foxe JJ

Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2006 2006 :3720-3. Epub 1900 01 01.

Can visual evoked potentials be used in biometric identification?

Power AJ, Lalor EC, Reilly RB

Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2006 2006 :5575-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Visual spatial attention control in an independent brain-computer interface.

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Finucane C, McDarby G, Reilly RB

IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering.. 2005 September 52 (9):1588-96. Epub 1900 01 01.

Visual spatial attention tracking using high-density SSVEP data for independent brain-computer communication.

Kelly SP, Lalor EC, Reilly RB, Foxe JJ

IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.. 2005 June 13 (2):172-8. Epub 1900 01 01.