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Elaine L. Hill, Ph.D.

(Pronouns: she/her/hers)

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Office: (585) 275-0165

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As an applied microeconomist, Dr. Hill's primary research interests are in health economics and environmental economics. In particular, her research focuses on the intersection between health, health policy, the environment and human capital formation. The unifying theme within these broad areas is the use of quasi-experimental designs to identify modifiable factors that are policy relevant. Her research also primarily studies vulnerable populations (e.g., pregnant women, children, rural populations, and older adults).

Dr. Hill is currently actively pursuing multiple funded research directions. First, her NIH-funded research utilizes quasi-experimental methods to study the impacts of shale gas development on human health in the US. Through support from a DP5 award, Dr. Hill's team has studied the impacts of shale gas development on childhood asthma, drinking water contamination, mortality and environmental justice concerns as well as the economic consequences of this industry via hedonic models. Second, Dr. Hill is PI of an NCI-funded R01 equivalent grant studying drug shortages in oncology care and Co-I with the University of Rochester NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) Research Base which is directed by Drs. Gary Morrow and Karen Mustian. Third, she examines public policies and health system factors that influence the overdose crisis. Within this emerging area, Dr. Hill is studying opioid-related mortality, opioid use during pregnancy, and access to treatment. Her recent U01 grant (MPI Meredith Adams) provides five years of funding to study how the COVID-19 Pandemic exacerbated the opioid crisis with a particular focus on policies and economic factors. Fourth, Dr. Hill's team is funded by Health Effects Institute (PI Perry Hystad) to study traffic related air pollution, capital improvement projects to reduce traffic congestion, and their impacts on housing values, community change and infant health. Finally, Dr. Hill is co-lead of the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) Pregnancy Domain Team, member of the Pain N3C Domain Team, and site-PI/Co-I of the RECOVER project to uncover risk factors for long COVID using N3C data.

Dr. Hill is a recipient of the NIH Director's Early Independence Award. She is also affiliated with Wilmot Cancer Institute, the Goergen Institute for Data Science, the Environmental Health Sciences Center and maintains courtesy faculty positions at external institutions. Dr. Hill received her BA in Economics and Mathematics at Oberlin College in 2005 and her PhD in Applied Economics from Cornell University in 2014.



B.A. | Oberlin College
Economics and Mathematics, Economics Departmental Honors

PhD | Cornell University
Applied Economics and Management


NIH Loan Repayment Program Renewal Award
Sponsor: NIEHS

NIH Loan Repayment Program Renewal Award
Sponsor: NIEHS

Faculty Mentorship Award from UPSTAT Conference
Sponsor: American Statistical Association Upstate Chapter

2016 - 2018
NIH Loan Repayment Program
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health

NIH Director's Early Independence Award
Sponsor: NIH

Cornell Population Center Rapid Response Grant ($2,000)
Location: Cornell University

Cornell Population Center Conference Travel Grant to PAA Meetings ($400)
Location: Cornell University

Population Association of America Poster Award

Cornell Population Center Conference Travel Grant to PAA Meetings ($400)
Location: Corning University

Cornell Population Center Seed Grant with David Sahn ($9,950)
Location: Cornell University

Economics Departmental Honors
Location: Oberlin College

Comfort Starr Prize in Economics
Location: Oberlin College

National Academic Squad by National Field Hockey Coaches Association

Jesse Phillips Prize for most outstanding junior economics major
Location: Oberlin College

Albert Rees Assistantship to the President's Council of Economic Advisors
Location: Oberlin College

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Journal Articles

Jones SE, Bradwell KR, Chan LE, McMurry JA, Olson-Chen C, Tarleton J, Wilkins KJ, Ly V, Ljazouli S, Qin Q, Faherty EG, Lau YK, Xie C, Kao YH, Liebman MN, Mariona F, Challa AP, Li L, Ratcliffe SJ, Haendel MA, Patel RC, Hill EL, . "Who is pregnant? Defining real-world data-based pregnancy episodes in the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C)." JAMIA open.. 2023 Oct; 6(3):ooad067. Epub 2023 Aug 16.

Willis MD, Hill EL, Ncube CN, Campbell EJ, Harris L, Harleman M, Ritz B, Hystad P. "Changes in Socioeconomic Disparities for Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposure During Pregnancy Over a 20-Year Period in Texas." JAMA network open.. 2023 Aug 1; 6(8):e2328012. Epub 2023 Aug 01.

Harleman M, Harris L, Willis MD, Ritz B, Hystad P, Hill EL. "Changes in traffic congestion and air pollution due to major roadway infrastructure improvements in Texas." The Science of the total environment.. 2023 Jul 15; :165463. Epub 2023 Jul 15.

Books & Chapters

Chapter Title: Birth Spacing and Educational Outcomes
Book Title: Human Capital and Health Behavior
Author List: Elaine L Hill and David JG Slusky
Published By: Emerald Insight 2017