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Michael C. Keefer, M.D.

Michael C. Keefer, M.D.

Infectious Disease

UR Medicine Faculty The University of Rochester Medical Faculty Group (URMFG) consists of over 900 specialist and primary care providers spanning 19 departments. URMFG is certified by the National Committee for Quality Assurance.
Accountable Health Partner Accountable Health Partners (AHP) is a network of over 2,000 community and UR medical faculty and a dozen leading hospitals throughout the region. AHP offers a full range of care.
Accepting New Patients

About Me

Certified Specialties

Internal Medicine - American Board of Internal Medicine

Faculty Appointments

Professor (Part-Time) - Department of Medicine, Infectious Diseases (SMD)

Professor (Part-Time) - Center for Community Health and Prevention - Joint


Residency & Fellowship

Fellowship, Infectious Disease, University of Rochester School of Medicine GME. 1987 - 1990

Fellowship, Research, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. 1986 - 1987

Residency, Internal Medicine, Christ Hospital. 1984 - 1986

Internship, Internal Medicine, Christ Hospital. 1983 - 1984


MD | Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine. 1983


Dr. Keefer has over 18 years of experience in the preventive HIV vaccine field, having served as Director of the University of Rochester's NIH-supported HIV Vaccine Trials Unit (HVTU) since 1991. Working initially as a laboratory investigator he was the first to demonstrate T-cell mediated immune r...
Dr. Keefer has over 18 years of experience in the preventive HIV vaccine field, having served as Director of the University of Rochester's NIH-supported HIV Vaccine Trials Unit (HVTU) since 1991. Working initially as a laboratory investigator he was the first to demonstrate T-cell mediated immune responses to a candidate HIV vaccine. Subsequently he focused his attention on the design and conduct of clinical trials. When the HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) expanded to include international sites in 1999, he assumed the position of the HVTN's Associate Director of Scientific Administration. In that role his duties include leadership of scientific and administrative committees and visits to international sites. Dr Keefer is also PI of an NIH-funded Program Project entitled "HSV-1 amplicon vectors for HIV vaccine delivery", a collaboration with Drs. Dewhurst, Mosmann, Federoff and Bowers.

Active Research

U01 AI069511
2/1/2007 – 11/30/2014
PI: Richard C. Reichman, MD
"Units for HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Networks"
The goals of the of the CTU are to develop a vaccine that will prevent HIV infection or delay the onset of symptomatic disease (HVTN) and to develop more effective treatments for established HIV infection in a variety of patient populations (ACTG).
Role: Co-Investigator, Director of HIV Vaccine Trials Clinical Research Site

U01 AI068614
6/29/2006 – 5/31/2013
PI: L Corey, M.D.
Subcontract to University of Rochester (via Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA)
Title: "HVTN Associate Director of Scientific Administration",
The major goal is to establish a Vaccine Leadership Group to direct and coordinate the HIV Vaccine Trials Network's (HVTN) work in domestic and international settings. Dr. Keefer functions in a 40% FTE capacity as a key member of the network's Core Operations Center, focused primarily on the establishment and execution of the network's scientific agenda for Phase I/II studies.
Role: PI of Subcontract at Rochester

P01 AI056356, HIV Vaccine Research and Design
Title: "HSV-1 Amplicon Vectors for HIV Vaccine Delivery"
PI: MC Keefer, M.D.
1/1/2003 – 12/31/2008
The overall goal of this Program Project is to develop an HIV vaccine strategy based on the HSV-1 amplicon vector, and to test this approach in small and large animal models. The HSV amplicon vector will be tested alone and in combination with a DNA vaccine provided by the NIAID Vaccine Research Center. The proposal includes 3 projects (immunogenicity in mice/guinea pigs; immunogenicity/protection in macaques; enhancement of amplicon technology) and 3 cores (administrative; immunologic; vector production).

P30 AI-078498, Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) program
Title: "University of Rochester Developmental Center for AIDS Research (D-CFAR)"
PI: S Dewhurst, Ph.D.
5/1/2008 – 4/30/2013
The primary mission of the University of Rochester D-CFAR is to raise the overall quality and quantity of HIV/AIDS research at the UR. This objective will be achieved by the establishment of four interconnected core facilities (Administrative Core, Developmental Core, Clinical Science Core and Basic Science Core) that synergize with the UR Clinical and Translational Science Institute to provide new opportunities for collaboration among establish investigators and those who are new to the field. Major goals are to augment the availability of biostatistical and data management services, to increase the use of mathematical modeling in HIV/AIDS research and to establish new collaborations between UR investigators and colleagues at the University of Witwatersrand and University of Cape Town in South Africa.
Role: Co-PI of D-CFAR, Director of 'Clinical Sciences Core', and Leader of 'International Collaboration Committee'.

Clinical Trials


Broadly Neutralizing Anti-Influenza Monoclonal Antibody and Uses Thereof

Issue date: November 09, 2021

Patent #: 11,168,129

Country: United States

Inventors: Michael C Keefer, James J Kobie, Luis Martinez-Sobrido, Aitor Nogales-Gonzalez, Michael Piepenbrink


Journal Articles

Predictors of HIV rebound differ by timing of antiretroviral therapy initiation.

Li JZ, Melberg M, Kittilson A, Abdel-Mohsen M, Li Y, Aga E, Bosch RJ, Wonderlich ER, Kinslow J, Giron LB, Di Germanio C, Pilkinton M, MacLaren L, Keefer M, Fox L, Barr L, Acosta E, Ananworanich J, Coombs R, Mellors J, Deeks S, Gandhi RT, Busch M, Landay A, Macatangay B, Smith DM,

JCI insight.. 2024 February 89 (3)Epub 02/08/2024.

Polytopic fractional delivery of an HIV vaccine alters cellular responses and results in increased epitope breadth in a phase 1 randomized trial.

Miner MD, deCamp A, Grunenberg N, De Rosa SC, Fiore-Gartland A, Bar K, Spearman P, Allen M, Yu PC, Manso B, Frahm N, Kalams S, Baden L, Keefer MC, Scott HM, Novak R, Van Tieu H, Tomaras GD, Kublin JG, McElrath MJ, Corey L, Frank I,

EBioMedicine.. 2024 February 1100 :104987. Epub 02/01/2024.

Daily fosfomycin versus levofloxacin for complicated urinary tract infections.

Rouphael N, Winokur P, Keefer MC, Traenkner J, Drobeniuc A, Doi Y, Munsiff S, Fowler VG, Evans S, Oler RE, Tuyishimire B, Lee M, Ghazaryan V, Chambers HF,

mBio.. 2023 September 12 :e0167723. Epub 09/12/2023.

Safety and immunogenicity of a variant-adapted SARS-CoV-2 recombinant protein vaccine with AS03 adjuvant as a booster in adults primed with authorized vaccines: a phase 3, parallel-group study.

de Bruyn G, Wang J, Purvis A, Ruiz MS, Adhikarla H, Alvi S, Bonaparte MI, Brune D, Bueso A, Canter RM, Ceregido MA, Deshmukh S, Diemert D, Finn A, Forrat R, Fu B, Gallais J, Griffin P, Grillet MH, Haney O, Henderson JA, Koutsoukos M, Launay O, Torres FM, Masotti R, Michael NL, Park J, Rivera-Medina DM, Romanyak N, Rook C, Schuerman L, Sher LD, Tavares-Da-Silva F, Whittington A, Chicz RM, Gurunathan S, Savarino S, Sridhar S,

EClinicalMedicine.. 2023 August 62 :102109. Epub 07/22/2023.

Clinical and Demographic Factors Associated With COVID-19, Severe COVID-19, and SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Adults: A Secondary Cross-Protocol Analysis of 4 Randomized Clinical Trials.

Theodore DA, Branche AR, Zhang L, Graciaa DS, Choudhary M, Hatlen TJ, Osman R, Babu TM, Robinson ST, Gilbert PB, Follmann D, Janes H, Kublin JG, Baden LR, Goepfert P, Gray GE, Grinsztejn B, Kotloff KL, Gay CL, Leav B, Miller J, Hirsch I, Sadoff J, Dunkle LM, Neuzil KM, Corey L, Falsey AR, El Sahly HM, Sobieszczyk ME, Huang Y,

JAMA network open.. 2023 July 36 (7):e2323349. Epub 07/03/2023.

Safety and Immunogenicity of Ad26-Vectored HIV Vaccine With Mosaic Immunogens and a Novel Mosaic Envelope Protein in HIV-Uninfected Adults: A Phase 1/2a Study.

Stieh DJ, Barouch DH, Comeaux C, Sarnecki M, Stephenson KE, Walsh SR, Sawant S, Heptinstall J, Tomaras GD, Kublin JG, McElrath MJ, Cohen KW, De Rosa SC, Alter G, Ferrari G, Montefiori D, Mann P, Nijs S, Callewaert K, Goepfert PA, Edupuganti S, Karita E, Seaman MS, Corey L, Baden LR, Pau MG, Schuitemaker H, Tomaka F,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2023 April 18227 (8):939-950. Epub 1900 01 01.

Mixed Origins: HIV gp120-specific memory develops from pre-existing memory and naïve B cells following vaccination in humans.

Basu M, Fucile C, Piepenbrink M, Bunce C, Man LX, Liesveld J, Rosenberg A, Keefer M, Kobie JJ

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 2023 February 10 Epub 02/10/2023.

Rapid Development of an Integrated Network Infrastructure to Conduct Phase 3 COVID-19 Vaccine Trials.

Mena Lora AJ, Long JE, Huang Y, Baden LR, El Sahly HM, Follmann D, Goepfert P, Gray G, Grinsztejn B, Kotloff K, Rouphael N, Sobieszczyk M, Walsh SR, Andriesen J, Shah KA, Zhang Y, Gilbert P, Janes H, Gay CL, Falsey AR, Tripp RL, Gorman RL, Tong T, Marovich M, Neuzil K, Corey L, Kublin JG,

JAMA network open.. 2023 January 36 (1):e2251974. Epub 01/03/2023.

Exploring a community's understanding of HIV vaccine?induced seropositivity in a South African research setting.

Malahleha M, Dilraj A, Jean J, Morar NS, Dietrich JJ, Ross M, Mbatsane E, Keefer MC, Ahmed K

South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde.. 2022 December 20113 (1):36-41. Epub 12/20/2022.

Baseline host determinants of robust human HIV-1 vaccine-induced immune responses: A meta-analysis of 26 vaccine regimens.

Huang Y, Zhang Y, Seaton KE, De Rosa S, Heptinstall J, Carpp LN, Randhawa AK, McKinnon LR, McLaren P, Viegas E, Gray GE, Churchyard G, Buchbinder SP, Edupuganti S, Bekker LG, Keefer MC, Hosseinipour MC, Goepfert PA, Cohen KW, Williamson BD, McElrath MJ, Tomaras GD, Thakar J, Kobie JJ,

EBioMedicine.. 2022 September 2784 :104271. Epub 09/27/2022.

Safety and immunogenicity of an AS03-adjuvanted SARS-CoV-2 recombinant protein vaccine (CoV2 preS dTM) in healthy adults: interim findings from a phase 2, randomised, dose-finding, multicentre study.

Sridhar S, Joaquin A, Bonaparte MI, Bueso A, Chabanon AL, Chen A, Chicz RM, Diemert D, Essink BJ, Fu B, Grunenberg NA, Janosczyk H, Keefer MC, Rivera M DM, Meng Y, Michael NL, Munsiff SS, Ogbuagu O, Raabe VN, Severance R, Rivas E, Romanyak N, Rouphael NG, Schuerman L, Sher LD, Walsh SR, White J, von Barbier D, de Bruyn G, Canter R, Grillet MH, Keshtkar-Jahromi M, Koutsoukos M, Lopez D, Masotti R, Mendoza S, Moreau C, Ceregido MA, Ramirez S, Said A, Tavares-Da-Silva F, Shi J, Tong T, Treanor J, Diazgranados CA, Savarino S

The Lancet. Infectious diseases.. 2022 January 25 Epub 01/25/2022.

Sequence and vector shapes vaccine induced antibody effector functions in HIV vaccine trials.

Fischinger S, Cizmeci D, Deng D, Grant SP, Frahm N, McElrath J, Fuchs J, Bart PA, Pantaleo G, Keefer M, O Hahn W, Rouphael N, Churchyard G, Moodie Z, Donastorg Y, Streeck H, Alter G

PLoS pathogens.. 2021 November 2917 (11):e1010016. Epub 11/29/2021.

Phase 3 Safety and Efficacy of AZD1222 (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) Covid-19 Vaccine.

Falsey AR, Sobieszczyk ME, Hirsch I, Sproule S, Robb ML, Corey L, Neuzil KM, Hahn W, Hunt J, Mulligan MJ, McEvoy C, DeJesus E, Hassman M, Little SJ, Pahud BA, Durbin A, Pickrell P, Daar ES, Bush L, Solis J, Carr QO, Oyedele T, Buchbinder S, Cowden J, Vargas SL, Benavides AG, Call R, Keefer MC, Kirkpatrick BD, Pullman J, Tong T, Isaacs MB, Benkeser D, Janes HE, Nason MC, Green JA, Kelly EJ, Maaske J, Mueller N, Shoemaker K, Takas T, Marshall RP, Pangalos MN, Villafana T, Gonzalez-Lopez A,

The New England journal of medicine.. 2021 September 29 Epub 09/29/2021.

AIDSVAX protein boost improves breadth and magnitude of vaccine-induced HIV-1 envelope-specific responses after a 7-year rest period.

Huang Y, Seaton KE, Casapia M, Polakowski L, De Rosa SC, Cohen K, Yu C, Elizaga M, Paez C, Miner MD, Kelley CF, Maenza J, Keefer M, Lama JR, Sobieszczyk M, Buchbinder S, Baden LR, Lee C, Gulati V, Sinangil F, Montefiori D, McElrath MJ, Tomaras GD, Robinson HL, Goepfert P,

Vaccine.. 2021 July 3 Epub 07/03/2021.

Time to Viral Rebound After Interruption of Modern Antiretroviral Therapies.

Li JZ, Aga E, Bosch R, Pilkinton M, Kroon E, MacLaren L, Keefer M, Fox L, Barr L, Acosta E, Anaworanich J, Coombs R, Mellors J, Landay A, Macatangay B, Deeks S, Gandhi RT, Smith DM,

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.. 2021 June 12 Epub 06/12/2021.

Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease With Computed Tomography Angiography and Inflammatory and Immune Activation Biomarkers Among Adults With HIV Eligible for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention.

Hoffmann U, Lu MT, Foldyna B, Zanni MV, Karady J, Taron J, Zhai BK, Burdo T, Fitch KV, Kileel EM, Williams K, Fichtenbaum CJ, Overton ET, Malvestutto C, Aberg J, Currier J, Sponseller CA, Melbourne K, Floris-Moore M, Van Dam C, Keefer MC, Koletar SL, Douglas PS, Ribaudo H, Mayrhofer T, Grinspoon SK,

JAMA network open.. 2021 June 14 (6):e2114923. Epub 06/01/2021.

Safety and immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 recombinant protein vaccine formulations in healthy adults: interim results of a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 1-2, dose-ranging study.

Goepfert PA, Fu B, Chabanon AL, Bonaparte MI, Davis MG, Essink BJ, Frank I, Haney O, Janosczyk H, Keefer MC, Koutsoukos M, Kimmel MA, Masotti R, Savarino SJ, Schuerman L, Schwartz H, Sher LD, Smith J, Tavares-Da-Silva F, Gurunathan S, DiazGranados CA, de Bruyn G

The Lancet. Infectious diseases.. 2021 April 19 Epub 04/19/2021.

Two Randomized Trials of Neutralizing Antibodies to Prevent HIV-1 Acquisition.

Corey L, Gilbert PB, Juraska M, Montefiori DC, Morris L, Karuna ST, Edupuganti S, Mgodi NM, deCamp AC, Rudnicki E, Huang Y, Gonzales P, Cabello R, Orrell C, Lama JR, Laher F, Lazarus EM, Sanchez J, Frank I, Hinojosa J, Sobieszczyk ME, Marshall KE, Mukwekwerere PG, Makhema J, Baden LR, Mullins JI, Williamson C, Hural J, McElrath MJ, Bentley C, Takuva S, Gomez Lorenzo MM, Burns DN, Espy N, Randhawa AK, Kochar N, Piwowar-Manning E, Donnell DJ, Sista N, Andrew P, Kublin JG, Gray G, Ledgerwood JE, Mascola JR, Cohen MS,

The New England journal of medicine.. 2021 March 18384 (11):1003-1014. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety and immunogenicity of two heterologous HIV vaccine regimens in healthy, HIV-uninfected adults (TRAVERSE): a randomised, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase 1/2a study.

Baden LR, Stieh DJ, Sarnecki M, Walsh SR, Tomaras GD, Kublin JG, McElrath MJ, Alter G, Ferrari G, Montefiori D, Mann P, Nijs S, Callewaert K, Goepfert P, Edupuganti S, Karita E, Langedijk JP, Wegmann F, Corey L, Pau MG, Barouch DH, Schuitemaker H, Tomaka F,

The lancet. HIV.. 2020 October 7 (10):e688-e698. Epub 1900 01 01.

Impact of vaccine type on HIV-1 vaccine elicited antibody durability and B cell gene signature.

Palli R, Seaton KE, Piepenbrink MS, Hural J, Goepfert PA, Laher F, Buchbinder SP, Churchyard G, Gray GE, Robinson HL, Huang Y, Janes H, Kobie JJ, Keefer MC, Tomaras GD, Thakar J

Scientific reports.. 2020 August 310 (1):13031. Epub 08/03/2020.

Long-term mucosal T cell activation and homing phenotypes in recipients of an Ad5-vectored HIV vaccine.

Curlin ME, Shao J, Diaz G, Edlefsen PT, Novak RM, Mayer KH, Allen M, Morgan C, Maenza J, Buchbinder S, Keefer MC, Rosa SC, Corey L, Duerr A,

Vaccine.. 2020 July 14 Epub 07/14/2020.

Hiv Controllers Maintain Viral Suppression Despite Waning T-Cell Responses On Art.

Jilg N, Garcia-Broncano P, Peluso M, Segal FP, Bosch RJ, Roberts-Toler C, Chen SMY, Van Dam CN, Keefer MC, Kuritzkes DR, Landay AL, Deeks S, Yu XG, Sax PE, Li JZ,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2020 June 4 Epub 06/04/2020.

Robust antibody and cellular responses induced by DNA-only vaccination for HIV.

DeRosa S, Edupuganti S, Huang Y, Han X, Elizaga M, Swann E, Polakowski L, Kalams SA, Keefer MC, Maenza J, Lu Y, Wise MC, Yan J, Morrow MP, Khan AS, Boyer J, Humeau LM, White S, Pensiero MN, Sardesai NY, Bagarazzi M, Weiner DB, Ferrari G, Tomaras G, Montefiori D, Corey L, McElrath MJ

JCI insight.. 2020 May 21 Epub 05/21/2020.

Persistence of HIV-1 Env-Specific Plasmablast Lineages in Plasma Cells after Vaccination in Humans.

Basu M, Piepenbrink MS, Francois C, Roche F, Zheng B, Spencer DA, Hessell AJ, Fucile CF, Rosenberg AF, Bunce CA, Liesveld J, Keefer MC, Kobie JJ

Cell reports. Medicine.. 2020 May 191 (2)Epub 1900 01 01.

Effect of HIV Envelope Vaccination on the Subsequent Antibody Response to HIV Infection.

Ditse Z, Mkhize NN, Yin M, Keefer M, Montefiori DC, Tomaras GD, Churchyard G, Mayer KH, Karuna S, Morgan C, Bekker LG, Mlisana K, Gray G, Moodie Z, Gilbert P, Moore PL, Williamson C, Morris L

mSphere.. 2020 January 295 (1)Epub 01/29/2020.

House Ball Community Leaders' Perceptions of HIV and HIV Vaccine Research.

Alio AP, Sibley C, Ouedraogo HS, Wallace SE, Wakefield S, Humes DL, Fields SD, Keefer MC

International journal of MCH and AIDS.. 2020 9 (1):136-145. Epub 02/13/2020.

Fc Gamma Receptor Polymorphisms Modulated the Vaccine Effect on HIV-1 Risk in the HVTN 505 HIV Vaccine Trial.

Li SS, Gilbert PB, Carpp LN, Pyo CW, Janes H, Fong Y, Shen X, Neidich SD, Goodman D, deCamp A, Cohen KW, Ferrari G, Hammer SM, Sobieszczyk ME, Mulligan MJ, Buchbinder SP, Keefer MC, DeJesus E, Novak RM, Frank I, McElrath MJ, Tomaras GD, Geraghty DE, Peng X

Journal of virology.. 2019 November 193 (21)Epub 10/15/2019.

Reducing the African American HIV Disease Burden in the Deep South: Addressing the Role of Faith and Spirituality.

Nunn A, Jeffries WL, Foster P, McCoy K, Sutten-Coats C, Willie TC, Ransome Y, Lanzi RG, Jackson E, Berkley-Patton J, Keefer M, Coleman JD

AIDS and behavior.. 2019 October 23 (Suppl 3):319-330. Epub 1900 01 01.

DNA priming and gp120 boosting induces HIV-specific antibodies in a randomized clinical trial.

Rouphael NG, Morgan C, Li SS, Jensen R, Sanchez B, Karuna S, Swann E, Sobieszczyk ME, Frank I, Wilson GJ, Tieu HV, Maenza J, Norwood A, Kobie J, Sinangil F, Pantaleo G, Ding S, McElrath MJ, De Rosa SC, Montefiori DC, Ferrari G, Tomaras GD, Keefer MC,

The Journal of clinical investigation.. 2019 September 30 Epub 09/30/2019.

The Emperor's New Clothes: Prospective Observational Evaluation of the Association between Initial Vancomycin Exposure and Failure Rates among Adult Hospitalized Patients with MRSA Bloodstream Infections (PROVIDE).

Lodise TP, Rosenkranz SL, Finnemeyer M, Evans S, Sims M, Zervos MJ, Creech CB, Patel PC, Keefer M, Riska P, Silveira FP, Scheetz M, Wunderink RG, Rodriguez M, Schrank J, Bleasdale SC, Schultz S, Barron M, Stapleton A, Wray D, Chambers H, Fowler V, Holland TL,

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.. 2019 June 3 Epub 06/03/2019.

ART reduces T cell activation and immune exhaustion markers in HIV controllers.

Li JZ, Segal FP, Bosch RJ, Lalama CM, Roberts-Toler C, Delagreverie H, Getz R, Garcia-Broncano P, Kinslow J, Tressler R, Van Dam CN, Keefer M, Carrington M, Lichterfeld M, Kuritzkes D, Yu XG, Landay A, Sax PE,

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.. 2019 May 25 Epub 05/25/2019.

Broad and Protective Influenza B Virus Neuraminidase Antibodies in Humans after Vaccination and their Clonal Persistence as Plasma Cells.

Piepenbrink MS, Nogales A, Basu M, Fucile CF, Liesveld JL, Keefer MC, Rosenberg AF, Martinez-Sobrido L, Kobie JJ

mBio.. 2019 March 1210 (2)Epub 03/12/2019.

Safety and Immunogenicity of Zoster Vaccine Live in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Adults With CD4+ Cell Counts >200 Cells/mL Virologically Suppressed on Antiretroviral Therapy.

Benson CA, Andersen JW, Macatangay BJC, Mailliard RB, Rinaldo CR, Read S, Bozzolo DR, Purdue L, Jennings C, Keefer MC, Glesby M, Tebas P, Russell AF, Martin J, Annunziato P, Popmihajlov Z, Lennox JL

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.. 2018 November 1367 (11):1712-1719. Epub 1900 01 01.

Randomized Clinical Trial to Assess the Impact of the Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibody VRC01 on HIV-1 Persistence in Individuals on Effective ART.

Riddler SA, Zheng L, Durand CM, Ritz J, Koup RA, Ledgerwood J, Bailer RT, Koletar SL, Eron JJ, Keefer MC, Macatangay BJC, Cyktor JC, Mellors JW,

Open forum infectious diseases.. 2018 October 5 (10):ofy242. Epub 10/20/2018.

Modification of the Association Between T-Cell Immune Responses and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection Risk by Vaccine-Induced Antibody Responses in the HVTN 505 Trial.

Fong Y, Shen X, Ashley VC, Deal A, Seaton KE, Yu C, Grant SP, Ferrari G, deCamp AC, Bailer RT, Koup RA, Montefiori D, Haynes BF, Sarzotti-Kelsoe M, Graham BS, Carpp LN, Hammer SM, Sobieszczyk M, Karuna S, Swann E, DeJesus E, Mulligan M, Frank I, Buchbinder S, Novak RM, McElrath MJ, Kalams S, Keefer M, Frahm NA, Janes HE, Gilbert PB, Tomaras GD

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2018 March 28217 (8):1280-1288. Epub 1900 01 01.

A Highly Potent and Broadly Neutralizing H1 Influenza-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibody.

Nogales A, Piepenbrink MS, Wang J, Ortega S, Basu M, Fucile CF, Treanor JJ, Rosenberg AF, Zand MS, Keefer MC, Martinez-Sobrido L, Kobie JJ

Scientific reports.. 2018 March 128 (1):4374. Epub 03/12/2018.

First-in-human randomized controlled trial of an oral, replicating adenovirus 26 vector vaccine for HIV-1.

Stephenson KE, Keefer MC, Bunce CA, Frances D, Abbink P, Maxfield LF, Neubauer GH, Nkolola J, Peter L, Lane C, Park H, Verlinde C, Lombardo A, Yallop C, Havenga M, Fast P, Treanor J, Barouch DH

PloS one.. 2018 13 (11):e0205139. Epub 11/14/2018.

Higher T-Cell Responses Induced by DNA/rAd5 HIV-1 Preventive Vaccine Are Associated With Lower HIV-1 Infection Risk in an Efficacy Trial.

Janes HE, Cohen KW, Frahm N, De Rosa SC, Sanchez B, Hural J, Magaret CA, Karuna S, Bentley C, Gottardo R, Finak G, Grove D, Shen M, Graham BS, Koup RA, Mulligan MJ, Koblin B, Buchbinder SP, Keefer MC, Adams E, Anude C, Corey L, Sobieszczyk M, Hammer SM, Gilbert PB, McElrath MJ

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2017 May 1215 (9):1376-1385. Epub 1900 01 01.

Pre-existing neutralizing antibody mitigates B cell dysregulation and enhances the Env-specific antibody response in SHIV-infected rhesus macaques.

Jaworski JP, Bryk P, Brower Z, Zheng B, Hessell AJ, Rosenberg AF, Wu TT, Sanz I, Keefer MC, Haigwood NL, Kobie JJ

PloS one.. 2017 12 (2):e0172524. Epub 02/21/2017.

Vaccination With Heterologous HIV-1 Envelope Sequences and Heterologous Adenovirus Vectors Increases T-Cell Responses to Conserved Regions: HVTN 083.

Walsh SR, Moodie Z, Fiore-Gartland AJ, Morgan C, Wilck MB, Hammer SM, Buchbinder SP, Kalams SA, Goepfert PA, Mulligan MJ, Keefer MC, Baden LR, Swann EM, Grant S, Ahmed H, Li F, Hertz T, Self SG, Friedrich D, Frahm N, Liao HX, Montefiori DC, Tomaras GD, McElrath MJ, Hural J, Graham BS, Jin X,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2016 February 15213 (4):541-50. Epub 10/15/2015.

Humoral Dysregulation Associated with Increased Systemic Inflammation among Injection Heroin Users.

Piepenbrink MS, Samuel M, Zheng B, Carter B, Fucile C, Bunce C, Kiebala M, Khan AA, Thakar J, Maggirwar SB, Morse D, Rosenberg AF, Haughey NJ, Valenti W, Keefer MC, Kobie JJ

PloS one.. 2016 11 (7):e0158641. Epub 07/05/2016.

Increased Steady-State Memory B Cell Subsets Among High-Risk Participants in an HIV Vaccine Trial.

Keefer M, Zheng B, Rosenberg AF, Kobie JJ

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 2016 32 (10-11):1143-1148. Epub 1900 01 01.

HIV-1 VACCINES. Diversion of HIV-1 vaccine-induced immunity by gp41-microbiota cross-reactive antibodies.

Williams WB, Liao HX, Moody MA, Kepler TB, Alam SM, Gao F, Wiehe K, Trama AM, Jones K, Zhang R, Song H, Marshall DJ, Whitesides JF, Sawatzki K, Hua A, Liu P, Tay MZ, Seaton K, Shen X, Foulger A, Lloyd KE, Parks R, Pollara J, Ferrari G, Yu JS, Vandergrift N, Montefiori DC, Sobieszczyk ME, Hammer S, Karuna S, Gilbert P, Grove D, Grunenberg N, McElrath J, Mascola JR, Koup RA, Corey L, Nabel GJ, Morgan C, Churchyard G, Maenza J, Keefer M, Graham BS, Baden LR, Tomaras GD, Haynes BF

Science.. 2015 August 14349 (6249):aab1253. Epub 07/30/2015.

Safety and Immunogenicity of a Recombinant Adenovirus Serotype 35-Vectored HIV-1 Vaccine in Adenovirus Serotype 5 Seronegative and Seropositive Individuals.

Fuchs JD, Bart PA, Frahm N, Morgan C, Gilbert PB, Kochar N, DeRosa SC, Tomaras GD, Wagner TM, Baden LR, Koblin BA, Rouphael NG, Kalams SA, Keefer MC, Goepfert PA, Sobieszczyk ME, Mayer KH, Swann E, Liao HX, Haynes BF, Graham BS, McElrath MJ,

Journal of AIDS & clinical research. 2015 May 6 (5)Epub 05/23/2015.

Functional and Molecular Characteristics of Novel and Conserved Cross-Clade HIV Envelope Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies.

Kobie JJ, Zheng B, Piepenbrink MS, Hessell AJ, Haigwood NL, Keefer MC, Sanz I

Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy. 2015 April 34 (2):65-72. Epub 1900 01 01.

Effect of rAd5-Vector HIV-1 Preventive Vaccines on HIV-1 Acquisition: A Participant-Level Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials.

Huang Y, Follmann D, Nason M, Zhang L, Huang Y, Mehrotra DV, Moodie Z, Metch B, Janes H, Keefer MC, Churchyard G, Robb ML, Fast PE, Duerr A, McElrath MJ, Corey L, Mascola JR, Graham BS, Sobieszczyk ME, Kublin JG, Robertson M, Hammer SM, Gray GE, Buchbinder SP, Gilbert PB

PloS one.. 2015 10 (9):e0136626. Epub 09/02/2015.

Phase I/II randomized trial of safety and immunogenicity of LIPO-5 alone, ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) alone, and ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) prime/LIPO-5 boost in healthy, HIV-1-uninfected adult participants.

Frey SE, Peiperl L, McElrath MJ, Goepfert PA, Keefer MC, Baden LR, Lally MA, Blattner WA, Harro CD, Hammer SM, Gorse GJ, Mayer K, Hural J, Tomaras GD, Levy Y, Gilbert P, deCamp A, Russell ND, Elizaga M, Allen M, Corey L

Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI.. 2014 November 21 (11):1589-99. Epub 09/24/2014.

Role of Intestinal Microbiota in Shaping the B Cell Repertoire in HIV Infection and Env Vaccination.

Liao LH, Trama AM, Williams WB, Moody MA, Vandergrift N, Tomaras GD, Marshall DJ, Gurley T, Whitesides J, Eudailey J, Foulger A, Parks R, Stolarchuk C, Lloyd KE, Soderberg K, Mascola JR, Koup R, Corey L, Nabel GB, Gilber P, Morgan C, Maenza J, Keefer M, Hammer S, Churchyard G, Montefior DC, Graham BS, Baden LR, Kepler TB, Haynes BF

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 2014 October 30 Suppl 1 :A19. Epub 1900 01 01.

Specificity and 6-month durability of immune responses induced by DNA and recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara vaccines expressing HIV-1 virus-like particles.

Goepfert PA, Elizaga ML, Seaton KE, Tomaras GD, Montefiori DC, Sato A, Hural J, Derosa SC, Kalams SA, McElrath MJ, Keefer MC, Baden LR, Lama JR, Sanchez J, Mulligan MJ, Buchbinder S, Hammer S, Koblin B, Pensiero M, Butler C, Moss B, Robinson HL, ,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2014 July 1210 (1):99-110. Epub 01/07/2014.

Project VOGUE: A partnership for increasing HIV knowledge and HIV vaccine trial awareness among House Ball leaders in Western New York.

Alio AP, Fields SD, Humes DL, Bunce CA, Wallace SE, Lewis C, Elder H, Wakefield S, Keefer MC,

Journal of gay & lesbian social services.. 2014 July 126 (3):336-354. Epub 1900 01 01.

Theoretical model of critical issues in informed consent in HIV vaccine trials.

Lewis CA, Dewhurst S, McMahon JM, Bunce CA, Keefer MC, Alio AP

AIDS care.. 2014 26 (11):1452-60. Epub 05/28/2014.

Efficacy trial of a DNA/rAd5 HIV-1 preventive vaccine.

Hammer SM, Sobieszczyk ME, Janes H, Karuna ST, Mulligan MJ, Grove D, Koblin BA, Buchbinder SP, Keefer MC, Tomaras GD, Frahm N, Hural J, Anude C, Graham BS, Enama ME, Adams E, Dejesus E, Novak RM, Frank I, Bentley C, Ramirez S, Fu R, Koup RA, Mascola JR, Nabel GJ, Montefiori DC, Kublin J, McElrath MJ, Corey L, Gilbert PB,

The New England journal of medicine.. 2013 November 28369 (22):2083-92. Epub 10/07/2013.

Barriers and Facilitators of Online Patient Portals to Personal Health Records Among Persons Living With HIV: Formative Research.

Luque AE, van Keken A, Winters P, Keefer MC, Sanders M, Fiscella K

JMIR research protocols.. 2013 January 222 (1):e8. Epub 01/22/2013.

Bridging the digital divide in HIV care: a pilot study of an iPod personal health record.

Luque AE, Corales R, Fowler RJ, Dimarco J, van Keken A, Winters P, Keefer MC, Fiscella K

Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care.. 2013 12 (2):117-21. Epub 09/10/2012.

Prospective surveillance for cardiac adverse events in healthy adults receiving modified vaccinia Ankara vaccines: a systematic review.

Elizaga ML, Vasan S, Marovich MA, Sato AH, Lawrence DN, Chaitman BR, Frey SE, Keefer MC,

PloS one.. 2013 8 (1):e54407. Epub 01/17/2013.

9G4+ antibodies isolated from HIV-infected patients neutralize HIV-1 and have distinct autoreactivity profiles.

Alcéna DC, Kobie JJ, Kaminski DA, Rosenberg AF, Mattiacio JL, Brewer M, Dewhurst S, Dykes C, Jin X, Keefer MC, Sanz I

PloS one.. 2013 8 (12):e85098. Epub 12/26/2013.

Impact of anti-orthopoxvirus neutralizing antibodies induced by a heterologous prime-boost HIV-1 vaccine on insert-specific immune responses.

Walsh SR, Seaman MS, Grandpre LE, Charbonneau C, Yanosick KE, Metch B, Keefer MC, Dolin R, Baden LR

Vaccine.. 2012 December 1731 (1):114-9. Epub 11/07/2012.

Background morbidity in HIV vaccine trial participants from various geographic regions as assessed by unsolicited adverse events.

Schmidt C, Smith C, Barin B, Bakhtyari A, Bart PA, Bekker LG, Chomba E, Clumeck N, Ho D, Hoosen A, Jaoko W, Kaleebu P, Karita E, Keefer MC, van Lunzen J, McMichael A, Mehendale S, Peters B, Ramanathan V, Robinson A, Rockstroh J, Vardas E, Vets E, Weber J, Graham BS, Than S, Excler JL, Kochhar S, Ho M, Heald A, Fast PE

Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics.. 2012 May 8 (5):630-8. Epub 05/01/2012.

9G4 autoreactivity is increased in HIV-infected patients and correlates with HIV broadly neutralizing serum activity.

Kobie JJ, Alcena DC, Zheng B, Bryk P, Mattiacio JL, Brewer M, Labranche C, Young FM, Dewhurst S, Montefiori DC, Rosenberg AF, Feng C, Jin X, Keefer MC, Sanz I

PloS one.. 2012 7 (4):e35356. Epub 04/18/2012.

A phase I double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study of a multigenic HIV-1 adenovirus subtype 35 vector vaccine in healthy uninfected adults.

Keefer MC, Gilmour J, Hayes P, Gill D, Kopycinski J, Cheeseman H, Cashin-Cox M, Naarding M, Clark L, Fernandez N, Bunce CA, Hay CM, Welsh S, Komaroff W, Hachaambwa L, Tarragona-Fiol T, Sayeed E, Zachariah D, Ackland J, Loughran K, Barin B, Cormier E, Cox JH, Fast P, Excler JL

PloS one.. 2012 7 (8):e41936. Epub 08/03/2012.

A phase I trial of preventive HIV vaccination with heterologous poxviral-vectors containing matching HIV-1 inserts in healthy HIV-uninfected subjects.

Keefer MC, Frey SE, Elizaga M, Metch B, De Rosa SC, Barroso PF, Tomaras G, Cardinali M, Goepfert P, Kalichman A, Philippon V, McElrath MJ, Jin X, Ferrari G, Defawe OD, Mazzara GP, Montefiori D, Pensiero M, Panicali DL, Corey L,

Vaccine.. 2011 February 2429 (10):1948-58. Epub 01/07/2011.

A phase IIA randomized clinical trial of a multiclade HIV-1 DNA prime followed by a multiclade rAd5 HIV-1 vaccine boost in healthy adults (HVTN204).

Churchyard GJ, Morgan C, Adams E, Hural J, Graham BS, Moodie Z, Grove D, Gray G, Bekker LG, McElrath MJ, Tomaras GD, Goepfert P, Kalams S, Baden LR, Lally M, Dolin R, Blattner W, Kalichman A, Figueroa JP, Pape J, Schechter M, Defawe O, De Rosa SC, Montefiori DC, Nabel GJ, Corey L, Keefer MC,

PloS one.. 2011 6 (8):e21225. Epub 08/03/2011.

Immunization with cocktail of HIV-derived peptides in montanide ISA-51 is immunogenic, but causes sterile abscesses and unacceptable reactogenicity.

Graham BS, McElrath MJ, Keefer MC, Rybczyk K, Berger D, Weinhold KJ, Ottinger J, Ferarri G, Montefiori DC, Stablein D, Smith C, Ginsberg R, Eldridge J, Duerr A, Fast P, Haynes BF,

PloS one.. 2010 August 105 (8):e11995. Epub 08/10/2010.

Phase 1 safety and immunogenicity evaluation of ADVAX, a multigenic, DNA-based clade C/B' HIV-1 candidate vaccine.

Vasan S, Schlesinger SJ, Huang Y, Hurley A, Lombardo A, Chen Z, Than S, Adesanya P, Bunce C, Boaz M, Boyle R, Sayeed E, Clark L, Dugin D, Schmidt C, Song Y, Seamons L, Dally L, Ho M, Smith C, Markowitz M, Cox J, Gill DK, Gilmour J, Keefer MC, Fast P, Ho DD

PloS one.. 2010 January 255 (1):e8617. Epub 01/25/2010.

Phase 1 safety and immunogenicity evaluation of ADMVA, a multigenic, modified vaccinia Ankara-HIV-1 B'/C candidate vaccine.

Vasan S, Schlesinger SJ, Chen Z, Hurley A, Lombardo A, Than S, Adesanya P, Bunce C, Boaz M, Boyle R, Sayeed E, Clark L, Dugin D, Boente-Carrera M, Schmidt C, Fang Q, Lei , Huang Y, Zaharatos GJ, Gardiner DF, Caskey M, Seamons L, Ho M, Dally L, Smith C, Cox J, Gill D, Gilmour J, Keefer MC, Fast P, Ho DD

PloS one.. 2010 January 255 (1):e8816. Epub 01/25/2010.

Comparative cell-mediated immunogenicity of DNA/DNA, DNA/adenovirus type 5 (Ad5), or Ad5/Ad5 HIV-1 clade B gag vaccine prime-boost regimens.

Asmuth DM, Brown EL, Dinubile MJ, Sun X, Del Rio C, Harro C, Keefer MC, Kublin JG, Dubey SA, Kierstead LS, Casimiro DR, Shiver JW, Robertson MN, Quirk EK, Mehrotra DV

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2010 January 1201 (1):132-41. Epub 1900 01 01.

Differential specificity and immunogenicity of adenovirus type 5 neutralizing antibodies elicited by natural infection or immunization.

Cheng C, Gall JG, Nason M, King CR, Koup RA, Roederer M, McElrath MJ, Morgan CA, Churchyard G, Baden LR, Duerr AC, Keefer MC, Graham BS, Nabel GJ

Journal of virology.. 2010 January 84 (1):630-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

A novel HIV T helper epitope-based vaccine elicits cytokine-secreting HIV-specific CD4+ T cells in a Phase I clinical trial in HIV-uninfected adults.

Jin X, Newman MJ, De-Rosa S, Cooper C, Thomas E, Keefer M, Fuchs J, Blattner W, Livingston BD, McKinney DM, Noonan E, Decamp A, Defawe OD, Wecker M,

Vaccine.. 2009 November 2327 (50):7080-6. Epub 09/26/2009.

High titer HIV-1 V3-specific antibodies with broad reactivity but low neutralizing potency in acute infection and following vaccination.

Davis KL, Gray ES, Moore PL, Decker JM, Salomon A, Montefiori DC, Graham BS, Keefer MC, Pinter A, Morris L, Hahn BH, Shaw GM

Virology.. 2009 May 10387 (2):414-26. Epub 03/18/2009.

Safety and immunogenicity of a CTL multiepitope peptide vaccine for HIV with or without GM-CSF in a phase I trial.

Spearman P, Kalams S, Elizaga M, Metch B, Chiu YL, Allen M, Weinhold KJ, Ferrari G, Parker SD, McElrath MJ, Frey SE, Fuchs JD, Keefer MC, Lubeck MD, Egan M, Braun R, Eldridge JH, Haynes BF, Corey L,

Vaccine.. 2009 January 727 (2):243-9. Epub 11/07/2008.

HSV-1 amplicon vectors elicit polyfunctional T cell responses to HIV-1 Env, and strongly boost responses to an adenovirus prime.

Duke CM, Maguire CA, Keefer MC, Federoff HJ, Bowers WJ, Dewhurst S

Vaccine.. 2007 October 1625 (42):7410-21. Epub 08/30/2007.

Effect of promoter strength on protein expression and immunogenicity of an HSV-1 amplicon vector encoding HIV-1 Gag.

Santos K, Duke CM, Rodriguez-Colon SM, Dakwar A, Fan S, Keefer MC, Federoff HJ, Frelinger JG, Bowers WJ, Dewhurst S

Vaccine.. 2007 February 1925 (9):1634-46. Epub 11/15/2006.

Phase 2 study of an HIV-1 canarypox vaccine (vCP1452) alone and in combination with rgp120: negative results fail to trigger a phase 3 correlates trial.

Russell ND, Graham BS, Keefer MC, McElrath MJ, Self SG, Weinhold KJ, Montefiori DC, Ferrari G, Horton H, Tomaras GD, Gurunathan S, Baglyos L, Frey SE, Mulligan MJ, Harro CD, Buchbinder SP, Baden LR, Blattner WA, Koblin BA, Corey L,

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes : JAIDS.. 2007 February 144 (2):203-12. Epub 1900 01 01.

High-dose recombinant Canarypox vaccine expressing HIV-1 protein, in seronegative human subjects.

Goepfert PA, Horton H, McElrath MJ, Gurunathan S, Ferrari G, Tomaras GD, Montefiori DC, Allen M, Chiu YL, Spearman P, Fuchs JD, Koblin BA, Blattner WA, Frey S, Keefer MC, Baden LR, Corey L,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2005 October 1192 (7):1249-59. Epub 08/31/2005.

Establishment of an alternative intracellular cytokine staining assay for HIV/AIDS clinical studies.

Chen H, Reichman R, Keefer M, McDermott MP, Jin X

Journal of virological methods.. 2005 February 123 (2):131-40. Epub 1900 01 01.

Breakthrough infections during phase 1 and 2 prime-boost HIV-1 vaccine trials with canarypox vectors (ALVAC) and booster dose of recombinant gp120 or gp160.

Lee D, Graham BS, Chiu YL, Gilbert PB, McElrath MJ, Belshe RB, Buchbinder SP, Sheppard HW, Koblin BA, Mayer KH, Keefer MC, Mulligan MJ, Celum CL

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2004 September 1190 (5):903-7. Epub 07/29/2004.

Comparison of systemic and mucosal delivery of 2 canarypox virus vaccines expressing either HIV-1 genes or the gene for rabies virus G protein.

Wright PF, Mestecky J, McElrath MJ, Keefer MC, Gorse GJ, Goepfert PA, Moldoveanu Z, Schwartz D, Spearman PW, El Habib R, Spring MD, Zhu Y, Smith C, Flores J, Weinhold KJ,

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 2004 April 1189 (7):1221-31. Epub 03/15/2004.

Safety profile of recombinant canarypox HIV vaccines.

de Bruyn G, Rossini AJ, Chiu YL, Holman D, Elizaga ML, Frey SE, Burke D, Evans TG, Corey L, Keefer MC

Vaccine.. 2004 January 2622 (5-6):704-13. Epub 1900 01 01.

Long-term safety analysis of preventive HIV-1 vaccines evaluated in AIDS vaccine evaluation group NIAID-sponsored Phase I and II clinical trials.

Gilbert PB, Chiu YL, Allen M, Lawrence DN, Chapdu C, Israel H, Holman D, Keefer MC, Wolff M, Frey SE,

Vaccine.. 2003 June 2021 (21-22):2933-47. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety and immunogenicity of a high-titered canarypox vaccine in combination with rgp120 in a diverse population of HIV-1-uninfected adults: AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group Protocol 022A.

Gupta K, Hudgens M, Corey L, McElrath MJ, Weinhold K, Montefiori DC, Gorse GJ, Frey SE, Keefer MC, Evans TG, Dolin R, Schwartz DH, Harro C, Graham B, Spearman PW, Mulligan M, Goepfert P,

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes : JAIDS.. 2002 March 129 (3):254-61. Epub 1900 01 01.

Constrictive pericarditis caused by candida glabrata in an immunocompetent patient: case report and review of literature.

Neughebauer B, Alvarez V, Harb T, Keefer M

Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases.. 2002 34 (8):615-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Evaluation of canarypox-induced CD8(+) responses following immunization by measuring the effector population IFNgamma production.

Evans TG, Kallas EG, Campbell M, Andrews J, Schwartz D, Keefer M, Caudrelier P

Immunology letters.. 2001 May 177 (1):7-15. Epub 1900 01 01.

QS-21 promotes an adjuvant effect allowing for reduced antigen dose during HIV-1 envelope subunit immunization in humans.

Evans TG, McElrath MJ, Matthews T, Montefiori D, Weinhold K, Wolff M, Keefer MC, Kallas EG, Corey L, Gorse GJ, Belshe R, Graham BS, Spearman PW, Schwartz D, Mulligan MJ, Goepfert P, Fast P, Berman P, Powell M, Francis D,

Vaccine.. 2001 February 2819 (15-16):2080-91. Epub 1900 01 01.

Immunization with envelope MN rgp120 vaccine in human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant women.

Wright PF, Lambert JS, Gorse GJ, Hsieh RH, McElrath MJ, Weinhold K, Wara DW, Anderson EL, Keefer MC, Jackson S, Wagner LJ, Francis DP, Fast PE, McNamara J

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1999 October 180 (4):1080-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

A canarypox vaccine expressing multiple human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genes given alone or with rgp120 elicits broad and durable CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses in seronegative volunteers.

Evans TG, Keefer MC, Weinhold KJ, Wolff M, Montefiori D, Gorse GJ, Graham BS, McElrath MJ, Clements-Mann ML, Mulligan MJ, Fast P, Walker MC, Excler JL, Duliege AM, Tartaglia J

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1999 August 180 (2):290-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Induction of immune responses to HIV-1 by canarypox virus (ALVAC) HIV-1 and gp120 SF-2 recombinant vaccines in uninfected volunteers. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Belshe RB, Gorse GJ, Mulligan MJ, Evans TG, Keefer MC, Excler JL, Duliege AM, Tartaglia J, Cox WI, McNamara J, Hwang KL, Bradney A, Montefiori D, Weinhold KJ

AIDS.. 1998 December 2412 (18):2407-15. Epub 1900 01 01.

Preventing discrimination against volunteers in prophylactic HIV vaccine trials: lessons from a phase II trial.

Sheon AR, Wagner L, McElrath MJ, Keefer MC, Zimmerman E, Israel H, Berger D, Fast P

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human

Immune responses to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 induced by canarypox expressing HIV-1MN gp120, HIV-1SF2 recombinant gp120, or both vaccines in seronegative adults. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Clements-Mann ML, Weinhold K, Matthews TJ, Graham BS, Gorse GJ, Keefer MC, McElrath MJ, Hsieh RH, Mestecky J, Zolla-Pazner S, Mascola J, Schwartz D, Siliciano R, Corey L, Wright PF, Belshe R, Dolin R, Jackson S, Xu S, Fast P, Walker MC, Stablein D, Excler JL, Tartaglia J, Paoletti E

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1998 May 177 (5):1230-46. Epub 1900 01 01.

Analysis of intercurrent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infections in phase I and II trials of candidate AIDS vaccines. AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group, and the Correlates of HIV Immune Protection Group.

Graham BS, McElrath MJ, Connor RI, Schwartz DH, Gorse GJ, Keefer MC, Mulligan MJ, Matthews TJ, Wolinsky SM, Montefiori DC, Vermund SH, Lambert JS, Corey L, Belshe RB, Dolin R, Wright PF, Korber BT, Wolff MC, Fast PE

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1998 February 177 (2):310-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Th1/Th2 cytokine responses following HIV-1 immunization in seronegative volunteers. The AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Evans TG, Fitzgerald T, Gibbons DC, Keefer MC, Soucier H

Clinical and experimental immunology.. 1998 February 111 (2):243-50. Epub 1900 01 01.

Itraconazole maintenance treatment for histoplasmosis in AIDS: a prospective, multicenter trial.

Hecht FM, Wheat J, Korzun AH, Hafner R, Skahan KJ, Larsen R, Limjoco MT, Simpson M, Schneider D, Keefer MC, Clark R, Lai KK, Jacobson JM, Squires K, Bartlett JA, Powderly W

Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human

Safety profile of phase I and II preventive HIV type 1 envelope vaccination: experience of the NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Keefer MC, Wolff M, Gorse GJ, Graham BS, Corey L, Clements-Mann ML, Verani-Ketter N, Erb S, Smith CM, Belshe RB, Wagner LJ, McElrath MJ, Schwartz DH, Fast P

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 1997 September 2013 (14):1163-77. Epub 1900 01 01.

Longitudinal analysis of quantitative virologic measures in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects with > or = 400 CD4 lymphocytes: implications for applying measurements to individual patients. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Paxton WB, Coombs RW, McElrath MJ, Keefer MC, Hughes J, Sinangil F, Chernoff D, Demeter L, Williams B, Corey L

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1997 February 175 (2):247-54. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety and immunogenicity of a candidate HIV-1 vaccine in healthy adults: recombinant glycoprotein (rgp) 120. A randomized, double-blind trial. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Graham BS, Keefer MC, McElrath MJ, Gorse GJ, Schwartz DH, Weinhold K, Matthews TJ, Esterlitz JR, Sinangil F, Fast PE

Annals of internal medicine.. 1996 August 15125 (4):270-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety and immunogenicity of Env 2-3, a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 candidate vaccine, in combination with a novel adjuvant, MTP-PE/MF59. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Keefer MC, Graham BS, McElrath MJ, Matthews TJ, Stablein DM, Corey L, Wright PF, Lawrence D, Fast PE, Weinhold K, Hsieh RH, Chernoff D, Dekker C, Dolin R

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 1996 May 2012 (8):683-93. Epub 1900 01 01.

A dose-ranging study of a prototype synthetic HIV-1MN V3 branched peptide vaccine. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Gorse GJ, Keefer MC, Belshe RB, Matthews TJ, Forrest BD, Hsieh RH, Koff WC, Hanson CV, Dolin R, Weinhold KJ, Frey SE, Ketter N, Fast PE

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1996 February 173 (2):330-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Immunization with envelope subunit vaccine products elicits neutralizing antibodies against laboratory-adapted but not primary isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.

Mascola JR, Snyder SW, Weislow OS, Belay SM, Belshe RB, Schwartz DH, Clements ML, Dolin R, Graham BS, Gorse GJ, Keefer MC, McElrath MJ, Walker MC, Wagner KF, McNeil JG, McCutchan FE, Burke DS

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1996 February 173 (2):340-8. Epub 1900 01 01.

Studies of high doses of a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 recombinant glycoprotein 160 candidate vaccine in HIV type 1-seronegative humans. The AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Keefer MC, Graham BS, Belshe RB, Schwartz D, Corey L, Bolognesi DP, Stablein DM, Montefiori DC, McElrath MJ, Clements ML

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 1994 December 10 (12):1713-23. Epub 1900 01 01.

Interpreting HIV serodiagnostic test results in the 1990s: social risks of HIV vaccine studies in uninfected volunteers. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Group.

Belshe RB, Clements ML, Keefer MC, Graham BS, Corey L, Sposto R, Wescott S, Lawrence D

Annals of internal medicine.. 1994 October 15121 (8):584-9. Epub 1900 01 01.

Determinants of antibody response after recombinant gp160 boosting in vaccinia-naive volunteers primed with gp160-recombinant vaccinia virus. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Graham BS, Gorse GJ, Schwartz DH, Keefer MC, McElrath MJ, Matthews TJ, Wright PF, Belshe RB, Clements ML, Dolin R

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1994 October 170 (4):782-6. Epub 1900 01 01.

Neutralizing antibodies to HIV-1 in seronegative volunteers immunized with recombinant gp120 from the MN strain of HIV-1. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Belshe RB, Graham BS, Keefer MC, Gorse GJ, Wright P, Dolin R, Matthews T, Weinhold K, Bolognesi DP, Sposto R

JAMA.. 1994 August 10272 (6):475-80. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety profile of HIV vaccination: first 1000 volunteers of AIDS vaccine evaluation group. NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Keefer MC, Belshe R, Graham B, McElrath J, Clements ML, Sposto R, Fast P

AIDS research and human retroviruses.. 1994 10 Suppl 2 :S139-40. Epub 1900 01 01.

Safety and immunogenicity of a fully glycosylated recombinant gp160 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 vaccine in subjects at low risk of infection. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group Network.

Belshe RB, Clements ML, Dolin R, Graham BS, McElrath J, Gorse GJ, Schwartz D, Keefer MC, Wright P, Corey L

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1993 December 168 (6):1387-95. Epub 1900 01 01.

Persisting human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp160-specific human T lymphocyte responses including CD8+ cytotoxic activity after receipt of envelope vaccines.

el-Daher N, Keefer MC, Reichman RC, Dolin R, Roberts NJ

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1993 August 168 (2):306-13. Epub 1900 01 01.

Augmentation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralizing antibody by priming with gp160 recombinant vaccinia and boosting with rgp160 in vaccinia-naive adults. The NIAID AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Graham BS, Matthews TJ, Belshe RB, Clements ML, Dolin R, Wright PF, Gorse GJ, Schwartz DH, Keefer MC, Bolognesi DP

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1993 March 167 (3):533-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Vaccination of vaccinia-naive adults with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp160 recombinant vaccinia virus in a blinded, controlled, randomized clinical trial. The AIDS Vaccine Clinical Trials Network.

Graham BS, Belshe RB, Clements ML, Dolin R, Corey L, Wright PF, Gorse GJ, Midthun K, Keefer MC, Roberts NJ

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1992 August 166 (2):244-52. Epub 1900 01 01.

Single-dose trospectomycin for chlamydial urethritis in men.

Keefer MC, Menegus MA, Nasello MA, Reid JA, Long M, Reichman RC

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy.. 1991 May 35 (5):986-7. Epub 1900 01 01.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) gp160-specific lymphocyte proliferative responses of mononuclear leukocytes from HIV-1 recombinant gp160 vaccine recipients.

Keefer MC, Bonnez W, Roberts NJ, Dolin R, Reichman RC

The Journal of infectious diseases.. 1991 March 163 (3):448-53. Epub 1900 01 01.

Efficacy and safety of low dosage amantadine hydrochloride as prophylaxis for influenza A.

Reuman PD, Bernstein DI, Keefer MC, Young EC, Sherwood JR, Schiff GM

Antiviral research.. 1989 February 11 (1):27-40. Epub 1900 01 01.