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UR Medicine Motion Labs comprises five dedicated motion analysis rooms. We harness the collective expertise of a diverse team of physicians, therapists, Motion Lab Engineers, and exercise physiologists. Using state-of-the-art computer and sensor technology, we study, analyze, and enhance human motion. We equipped our laboratory with a range of advanced tools:

  • Marker and markerless 3D motion capture systems (Vicon/Theia)
  • Force platforms (Bertec)
  • Force plate instrumented treadmill (Bertec)
  • Electromyography systems (EMG) (Delsys)
  • Electroencephalogram system (EEG) (Zeto)
  • Computerized dynamic Posturography system (Bertec)
  • Wearable metabolic system (Cosmed)

UR Medicine's Approach

UR Medicine Motion Labs offers two distinct focuses, catering to two unique patient groups, with the expertise of our dedicated team.

Focus 1 - Clinical Track

Serves patients with movement disorders or underlying medical conditions impacting their ability to walk or balance. Referrals guide these patients to us for gait analysis, which then informs decisions about therapeutic or surgical interventions. This analysis helps determine the need for braces or prosthetic devices to address movement challenges. We assist patients with a range of neuromuscular or musculoskeletal conditions, including:

  • Gait AnalysisPatient being observed during a gait analysis.Cerebral palsy
  • Brain or spinal cord injury
  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Spina bifida
  • Stroke
  • Amputation
  • Hip/Knee/Ankle joint disorders
  • Club foot and other foot deformities
  • Balance disorders
  • Other neurological disorders

Focus 2 - Physical Performance Track

Physical PerformancePatient running on test track in virtual reality lab. The UR Medicine Motion Lab’s Physical Performance Track serves athletes and active individuals with injuries or issues related to athletic performance or specific functions, such as running or throwing. Our comprehensive suite of functional and diagnostic assessments aids physical therapists and sports medicine physicians in shaping effective training and recovery plans. For information about our services, our expert team of providers, the referral process, and more, please visit the Sports Performance section.


Motion Lab Team

  • Director: Ram Haddas, PhD, MBA
  • Lab Manager: Josh Tome
  • Motion Lab Engineering Techs:
    • Jose Corredor 
  • Physical Therapists: 
    • Patrick Barber – Shoulder
    • Theresa Barry – Knee
    • Elisabeth Campbell – Spine
    • Kate Corrado – Concussion
    • Tyler Murray – Hip
    • Jillian Santer - Running and Foot and Ankle

What Sets Us Apart?

The  team at UR Medicine’s Motion Labs comprises technicians, physical therapists, and physicians. These professionals are not only specially trained in 3D Motion Analysis but are also experts in the study of human movement.


We serve you in the Rochester metropolitan area and surrounding region.

1 location

Patient Education & Support

Clinical Track Information

Gait abnormalities are deviations in regular walking patterns, often stemming from disease or injury. These irregularities can lead to pain in the hips, back, neck, feet, knees, and ankles. Gait analysis, commonly referred to as walking or motion analysis, offers an in-depth evaluation of an individual’s posture and walking patterns. This analysis can help:

  • Pinpoint underlying muscle, nerve, or skeletal issues.
  • Identify the root cause of a patient's pain while standing or walking.
  • Help to diagnose bone deformities or skeletal misalignments.
  • Uncover potential muscle or nerve dysfunction.
  • Monitor the progression of diseases like arthritis or muscular dystrophy.

Gait analysis is a non-invasive diagnostic method that plays a pivotal role in detecting specific medical conditions, determining the need for additional testing, and highlighting potential treatment paths.

Types of Gait Analysis

While we can conduct gait analysis through basic observation, modern technology has revolutionized the process. By analyzing the data provided by several devices, professionals can now evaluate a patient’s gait and parameters such as step length, stride length, cadence, cycle time, and joint angles. In clinical gait analysis, practitioners employ several methods, including:

  • Video-based Analysis: Cameras capture the patient's movement from different angles, enabling a comprehensive view of walking patterns.
  • Force Plates: These measure the forces exerted by the feet during walking, giving insights into weight distribution and balance.
  • Electromyography (EMG): By measuring electrical activity, EMG provides information on muscle activation patterns during gait.
  • Inertial Sensors: These devices, often attached to the patient, capture movement data in real-time, allowing for detailed analysis of various gait aspects.
  • 3D Motion Capture Systems: Using markers placed on the patient, these systems offer a three-dimensional view of gait mechanics.

Understanding Gait Analysis

Purpose: Gait analysis plays a pivotal role for multidisciplinary care teams, especially in pre-surgical planning. It is vital for patients with mobility impairments related to conditions such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophies, brain and spinal cord injuries, or other neuromuscular impairments.

Outcome: Through this analysis, we gain an in-depth understanding of the various factors influencing a patient’s walking and overall movement. This allows us to tailor treatments and interventions to address each patient’s individual needs effectively.

Collaborative Analysis and Treatment Planning

Expert Collaboration: Our motion analysis experts work closely with the patient’s medical team. Together, they thoroughly examine all aspects influencing the patient’s movement patterns. This collective effort informs appropriate surgical procedures or treatments to enhance function and comfort.

Recording gait abnormalities enhances the scope of the physical examination. However, it’s essential to balance this with a thorough consideration of a patient’s history and current medical condition.

What to Expect at Your Appointment

Gait Analysis Overview

Purpose: Gait analysis evaluates how the body moves, typically when walking or running. The goal is to identify irregularities in your motion.


An individual’s gait is a unique function that utilizes the body’s visual, somatosensory, and vestibular systems. Disruptions or issues with these systems, or problems with the associated joints, can result in abnormalities in gait or posture.
Duration: Lasts between 2 to 4 hours.

During the Gait Analysis

  • Placement of Markers & Sensors: Once back in the exam room, the physical therapist will affix small reflective markers and sensors to your body using tape. The cameras capture the movement of these markers, while the sensors detect the activation and relaxation of your muscles.
  • Walking Assessment: You'll be instructed to walk back and forth across the room, covering a distance of about 15-20 feet multiple times. This allows the cameras to record your gait. Should you feel fatigued, the physical therapist will offer you breaks to rest.
  • Conclusion of Analysis: Once the walking assessment is complete, the physical therapist will carefully remove all markers and sensors. You can then change back into your regular attire.
  • Additional Steps: Before concluding the appointment, there might be a request for you to undergo an X-ray. This is particularly true if the doctor desires detailed images of the bones in your feet or legs. During your subsequent visit, your doctor will review and discuss the results of the motion analysis with you.

Appointment Preparation

Physical Exam: A physical therapist will conduct a detailed physical exam tailored to the purpose of the visit.

Motion Capture Analysis: Following the physical exam, lab staff will employ motion capture technology to record and assess your walking patterns. This involves attaching reflective markers or sensors to key points on your body, enabling the team to study the mechanics of your movement.

The insights from your combined physical exam and motion analysis aid in developing a treatment strategy for your unique requirements.

Appointment Preparation Guidelines

  • Arrival Time: Please arrive at least 15 minutes before your scheduled appointment.
  • Clothing & Attire:
    • For Physical Therapy Evaluation:
      • Wear comfortable, loose-fitting athletic-type clothing.
    • For Gait Analysis Evaluation:
      • Avoid applying lotion to your skin on the day of testing (to ensure motion analysis markers adhere properly).
      • Wear short, tight-fitting shorts.
      • Opt for tight-fitting tops, sports bras, or swim tops as suitable.
  • Additional Items to Bring:
    • Any braces or foot orthotics you use.
    • All walking aids, such as crutches, walkers, or canes.
    • Closed-toe walking shoes.
  • Appointment Duration: Expect the entire visit to last between 2 to 3 hours.

Please Review the Instructions Below

Part One: Physical Therapy Exam
The physical therapist will greet you in the waiting room and guide you to the exam room.

Your height and weight will be measured.

During this session, the physical therapist will measure your leg strength, range of motion, alignment, muscle tone, and motor skills. This comprehensive assessment will take approximately 1 to 1.5 hours.

After this portion of the appointment, you’ll have an opportunity for a short break before we proceed.

Part Two: Gait Analysis
After the short break, you’ll be asked to change into tight-fitting shorts to get ready for your gait analysis.

Procedure Details
The physical therapist will ask you to stand still on a specialized mat for 5 seconds. This process measures the pressure distribution under your feet.

Next, while you maintain a standing position, a technician will capture a few photographs.

Physical Performance Track

Top-tier athletes consistently push their limits while ensuring they perform efficiently and safely. At UR Medicine Motion Labs, our Physical Performance team specializes in sports performance motion analysis. Whether you're an athlete aiming to recover from an injury, striving to lower your injury risk, or looking to elevate your game, we employ the same biomechanical principles and state-of-the-art tools to serve athletes at every skill level.

Our Focus Areas Include:

  • Recovery from sports-related injuries
  • Specialized analysis for running, lower extremity activities, throwing, ACL concerns, and concussion evaluations
  • Performance optimization for elite athletes

Our motion analysis goes beyond surface-level observation. By harnessing advanced 2D video techniques, 3D motion capture, force plates, and surface EMG sensors, we get a comprehensive view of athletes' sport-specific movements. We delve deep, analyzing the kinematic, kinetic, and electromyographical aspects of performance.

From Injury Recovery to Peak Performance Our tools enable us to visualize issues under the skin, allowing for the identification and rectification of potential problems before they escalate into injuries. If you've sustained an injury, think of us as your bridge—from healing through physical therapy to your triumphant return to the field. Moreover, doctors frequently direct their patients to our lab to gauge their readiness for re-entry into sports.

Post-analysis Follow-up Once our in-depth analysis concludes, our team crafts strategies to mitigate the risk of future sports-related injuries and bolster efficiency in sports movements. Every athlete is unique, and our data-driven insights are tailored to individual athletes, guiding them toward their performance goals.

Appointment Preparation

What to Expect During Your Visit

  • An initial physical therapy assessment to evaluate your strength and range of motion.
  • A few moments to change into Spandex shorts, a shirt, and a headband, all of which we provide in various sizes. These garments come equipped with reflective markers strategically placed on the head, torso, arms, and legs.
  • A warm-up session, involving either jogging or walking, based on preference and comfort.
  • A recorded testing phase where you'll be guided through a series of escalating, sport-centric movements.

Before Your Session

  • Please arrive 15 minutes before your scheduled time to facilitate a seamless check-in process.
  • Please bring along your insurance details and a valid form of identification.
  • Ensure you wear or bring clean, snug-fitting athletic shoes for the evaluation.
  • In case you're accompanied by more than three individuals, give us a call beforehand so we can ensure comfortable seating for everyone.
  • We encourage you to jot down any questions or topics you'd like to discuss during the appointment; this ensures we address all your concerns.
  • Come ready for a workout! That said, we're dedicated to customizing each session in line with individual capabilities, prioritizing both performance and safety.

Additional Resources

To get to your appointment, you should go to the Fitness Science entrance of the UR Medicine Orthopaedics and Physical Performance Center. Please arrive at least 15 minutes before the appointment time. If you are late, you may need to reschedule. Check in with the front desk staff and let them know that you are here for a Motion Labs assessment. The front desk staff will notify an attendant who will take you to the Motion Labs. The assessment will take place in two parts and will take approximately 2-3 hours.

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