Too much sun exposure early in life can make you look older. This premature wrinkling
and skin damage from sun exposure is called photoaging. Photoaging is not like natural
aging. It causes:
No one can avoid the natural process of aging, as the skin thins and lines and wrinkles
appear. Moles, scars, and birthmarks also tend to change as we age. In addition, sun
damage over the course of a lifetime worsens the aging skin. There are many anti-aging
creams on the market. But sometimes advanced signs of aging and sun damage require
more invasive dermatology procedures, such as:
Botulinum toxin type A. Injecting botulinum toxin into certain muscles blocks signals from the nerves to the
muscles. The muscles that are injected no longer contract. This prevents the muscles
from forming wrinkles and furrows. Using botulinum will also soften existing wrinkles.
But it won’t prevent the signs of aging. It is most often used for forehead lines
and the lines between and around the eyes.
Chemical peels. Chemical peels are often used to minimize sun-damaged skin, irregular skin color (pigment),
and superficial scars. The top layer of skin is removed with a chemical applied to
the skin. By removing the top layer, the skin regenerates. This often improves its
Soft tissue augmentation or filler injections. A soft tissue filler is injected beneath the skin to replace the body's natural collagen
that has been lost. There are many different kinds of fillers available. Fillers are
generally used to treat wrinkles, scars, and facial lines. They also treats wrinkles
caused by volume loss and repetitive muscle contraction. Fillers are also used to
plump up lips and enhance shallow contours.
Dermabrasion. This may be used to minimize small scars, minor skin surface irregularities, surgical
scars, and acne scars. It involves removing the top layers of skin with an electrical
machine that abrades the skin. As the skin heals from the procedure, the surface appears
smoother and fresher. It can be used for the whole face or for certain areas or scars. Microdermabrasion
is a gentler version of dermabrasion. It uses small particles passed through a vacuum
tube to remove aging skin and stimulate new skin growth. This procedure works best
on mild to moderate skin damage. It may require several treatments.
Laser skin resurfacing. Laser skin resurfacing uses high-energy light to burn away damaged skin. Laser resurfacing
may be used to minimize wrinkles and fine scars. It is also used to reduce enlarged
oil glands, lighten up sun spots, and remove wart-like growths. A newer treatment
option is called nonablative resurfacing. This type of resurfacing also uses a laser
as well as electrical energy. But it does not damage the top layers of skin.
Intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy. IPL therapy is different from laser therapy because it delivers multiple wavelengths
of light with each pulse (lasers deliver only 1 wavelength). IPL is a type of nonablative
therapy. This means it does not damage the top layers of skin.
Tretinoin treatment. This prescription skin cream can reduce wrinkles, rough skin, and discolored skin.