Back Pain in Pregnancy
Why is back pain so common in pregnancy?
One of the most common complaints during pregnancy is back pain. In fact, it's estimated
that more than half of all pregnant people have some degree of back discomfort. Most
back pain is related to the physical changes that happen during pregnancy, including
hormones, changes in the center of gravity, and posture. Unfortunately, it typically
gets worse as pregnancy progresses.
What causes back pain during pregnancy?
Throughout pregnancy, hormones affect a person's muscles and joints. The hormones
relaxin and progesterone relax muscles and loosen ligaments and joints, especially
in the pelvic area. The extra weight and body changes in pregnancy along with these
loosened joints and ligaments can cause discomfort and even lead to injury.
As your uterus grows and becomes heavier, your center of gravity changes. This can
lead to problems with balance and the potential for falls. The weight of your baby
and weakening of belly muscles pulls your lower spine forward, adding strain to back
muscles. Many pregnant people respond by leaning back in an awkward posture. This
increases back strain and pain.
What can you do?
Some back pain can be prevented:
Try using correct body mechanics. For example, if you need to pick something up, squat
down, bending at your knees and keeping your back straight. Try not to bend over from
Use good posture when sitting or standing and do back-strengthening exercises. Ask
your healthcare provider about back exercises that are right for you.
Don't do activities that strain the back, like lifting and moving heavy objects.
Wear shoes that provide good support.
Sleep on your side with pillows between your knees for support.
Apply heat, cold, or massage to the painful area.
If you are having discomfort, talk with your healthcare provider. Back pain relief
may need rest, supportive garments, or other types of treatment.
Prevention and treatment of back pain are important to prevent injury and to decrease
the chance for long-term or chronic back pain. Because back pain in pregnancy can
be a symptom of more serious problems, like preterm labor, always talk with your healthcare
provider if symptoms are severe or last longer than 2 weeks.