Pregnancy and Oral Health
During your pregnancy, you may worry about your waistline and fret about food. You
take prenatal vitamins, see your healthcare provider often, get regular exercise,
and stay away from alcohol and smoking—all in the name of a healthy pregnancy. And,
ultimately, a healthy baby.
Something that you might not think is part of a healthy pregnancy is dental care.
But regular dental checkups and cleanings, along with brushing and flossing often,
are important for a healthy mouth and a healthy pregnancy.
Seeing the dentist
Pregnant or not, you should be seeing your dentist every 6 months for a cleaning and
exam. While you're pregnant, it's even more important that you don't skip those twice-yearly
visits. Regular exams can help prevent and control gum disease and infections.
Pregnancy hormones can cause oral health problems. These include gingivitis and swollen,
bleeding, and irritated gums. Gums may also be very sore. And brushing and flossing
may be uncomfortable. If you have gum disease or have problems with your teeth or
gums during pregnancy, see your dentist. They may suggest that you schedule cleanings
more often during the second and third trimesters.
The X-ray risk
The use of X-rays, pain medicine, and local anesthesia when needed to correctly diagnose
and treat dental problems is safe during pregnancy. X-rays are often part of a routine
dental exam. But your dentist may skip them until after you've had your baby.
If you have a dental emergency and need X-rays, keep in mind that the amount of radiation
given off from a single X-ray is quite low. Your dentist will protect your baby by
covering you with a lead apron.
Maintaining a healthy mouth
In addition to regularly scheduled dental cleanings and exams, correct dental care
at home can help protect gums and teeth from disease and decay. Brush teeth thoroughly
twice a day using a toothpaste containing fluoride. At least once a day, carefully
floss between each tooth.
It's also important not to give in too often to those pregnancy cravings if you have
a sweet tooth. Try to limit your intake of sugary, sticky, sweet treats. Instead choose
crunchy fresh fruits and vegetables and other nutritious foods that are less likely
to cause tooth decay. If you do treat yourself to dessert, make sure to brush and
floss soon afterward to prevent tooth decay.
Protecting baby's teeth
Your prenatal trips to the dentist are also a great time to talk about the best ways
to care for your new baby's teeth. Ask your dentist how and when to start brushing
your baby's teeth and gums. Also ask about staying away from habits that can spread
bacteria to baby's mouth. For instance, don't put a pacifier, spoon, or bottle nipple
in your mouth to clean it. Also ask what you can do as your baby grows to help reduce
the risk for cavities, tooth decay, and gum disease. This will help your baby's dental
health as those first tiny teeth break through.