Anatomy of the Vulva
To better understand what’s happening inside you, it helps to understand the basic
anatomy of your vulva.
The vulva is the outer part of the female reproductive system. It’s also part of the
The vulva includes the mons pubis. This is the rounded area in front of the pubic
bones at the lower part of the belly (abdomen). It becomes covered with hair at puberty.
The vulva has 2 folds of skin. The outer folds are called the labia majora. The inner
folds are called the labia minora. These skin folds protect the opening of the urethra
and the vagina. The urethra is the tube that carries urine out of the body.
The inner folds of the vulva form a hood of skin called the prepuce or the hood of
the clitoris. Below the prepuce is the clitoris. The clitoris is a sensitive piece
of tissue that swells with blood when stimulated.
At the bottom of the inner folds of the vulva is the fourchette. This is where the
labia minora meet. Below the fourchette is the perineum. This is also part of the
vulva. The perineum ends at the anus. The anus is where stool leaves the body.