Prostate Cancer: Prevention
There is no sure way to prevent prostate cancer. Some risk factors for prostate cancer
are not within your control. These include your age, race, and family history. But
you can do some things that may help lower your risk of getting prostate cancer.
A healthy lifestyle may help to lower your risk for prostate cancer. Take these healthy
Eat fruits and vegetables every day. Include tomatoes, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage. Also include beans, peas, and
Limit high-fat meats and high-fat dairy foods. These include hamburgers, sausage, cheese, and ice cream. Instead eat lean meats,
fish, and low-fat or nonfat dairy foods.
Limit calcium in your diet. Too much calcium may raise your risk for prostate cancer. Normal amounts of calcium
in dairy foods and drinks are fine. But talk with your healthcare provider before
you take calcium supplements.
Stay at a healthy weight. Obesity is linked to a higher risk for a more deadly type of prostate cancer.
Get physical activity. Be active for at least 30 minutes on most days.
If you are at high risk
If you are at high risk for prostate cancer, your healthcare provider may talk to
you about medicines that may lower your risk. Medicines called 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors
have been shown in some studies to lower prostate cancer risk. These include the medicines
finasteride and dutasteride. But they can have side effects that may limit their use. They
are most often used to treat an enlarged prostate that does not have cancer. This
is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Talk with your healthcare provider about
the risks and benefits of these medicines for you.