Asthma and Pregnancy
Having asthma does not always mean having a complicated pregnancy. With correct asthma
management and the right care during pregnancy, most women with asthma can have a healthy
Asthma is one of the most common health problems that can complicate a pregnancy.
In some cases, a diagnosis of asthma isn't made until a woman becomes pregnant. Asthma
affects a woman during pregnancy in many ways:
More than 1 in 3 women have no change in their asthma symptoms.
More than 1 in 3 pregnant women have more severe asthma symptoms.
Fewer than 1 in 3 pregnant women have improved asthma symptoms.
Symptoms may get worse as a woman gains weight during pregnancy.
Treating asthma the right way during pregnancy is important. Uncontrolled asthma can
lead to the mother getting less oxygen. That, in turn, affects the developing baby.
Uncontrolled asthma can lead to any of the complications listed below.
Possible complications for the mother
When not controlled, asthma can put extra stress on the mother, as well as on the
baby. Lack of oxygen will not only affect the mother, but also the baby. Other complications
from uncontrolled asthma for the mother are:
Preeclampsia (toxemia in pregnancy). This is a health problem of pregnancy marked
by raised blood pressure, water retention, and protein in the urine.
Bleeding in pregnancy or hemorrhage after giving birth
Higher rate of C-section
Giving birth too early (preterm or premature birth)
Pulmonary embolism. This is when a blood clot forms and travels to the lung. It can
be life- threatening.
Possible complications for the baby
Lack of oxygen from the mother to the baby can lead to many health problems in the
The baby doesn't grow normally during pregnancy (intrauterine growth retardation).
This causes the baby to be smaller than normal for its gestational age.
Low birth weight
The baby doesn't get enough oxygen (neonatal hypoxia)
The baby dies
Are asthma medicines safe to use during pregnancy?
Most asthma medicines aren't harmful to the developing baby or to the nursing baby.
In fact, uncontrolled asthma may actually put you and your baby at far greater risk
than the medicine used to control asthma. Always talk with your healthcare provider
for a diagnosis. They can work with you to develop an asthma treatment plan tailored
to your symptoms.
How can a pregnant woman lower the chance of having an asthma attack?
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advises pregnant women to
take these steps to lower the risk of having an asthma attack during pregnancy:
Stay away from asthma triggers, including tobacco smoke and other irritants.
Use asthma medicines during the pregnancy, labor, and birth, as advised by your healthcare
Exercise with moderation. Use medicine correctly if you have exercise-induced asthma.
And talk with your provider before starting an exercise program.
Make sure to get a flu shot, if you will be in your second or third trimester of pregnancy
during the flu season (fall and winter).
When should a pregnant woman with asthma get emergency medical treatment?
Even with the correct asthma management plan in place, a pregnant woman should know
about certain warning signs that may point to an asthma attack, such as:
Current medicine does not give rapid improvement of symptoms.
Improvement from medicines does not last as long as it had before.
Breathing becomes harder.
Your baby's kick count decreases. This may mean your baby is not doing well (fetal
Always talk with your healthcare provider about what asthma attack warning signs to
look for and when to get emergency care.