Jill M. Cholette, M.D.

Jill M. Cholette, M.D.

Contact Information

University of Rochester Medical Center
School of Medicine and Dentistry
601 Elmwood Ave, Box 667
Rochester, NY 14642

Office: (585) 275-8138
Fax: (585) 276-1128

Professional Bio

Dr. Jill Cholette is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics in the division of Critical Care Medicine. She earned her MD degree from the University of Rochester and where she graduated at the top of her class and was inducted into the Alpha Omega Alpha honor society. She completed a combined Internal Medicine and Pediatrics residency at the U of R and is Board Certified in both specialties. She went on to complete a Pediatric Critical Care fellowship also at the U of R and is now triple boarded in Pediatric Critical Care as well. Dr. Cholette has completed her Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship and is now board eligible for Pediatric Cardiology. She is also an attending in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit and Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care unit.

Research Bio

Dr. Jill Cholette has research interests in thrombosis and use of blood products in critically ill pediatric patients, particularly those undergoing cardiac surgery. Dr. Cholette is working to clarify the role of inflammation in the development of thrombosis, and to determine the optimal anticoagulation regimen for the pediatric post-op cardiac surgery patient.

Her other work involves blood utilization in the pediatric ICU patient, and she is developing a transfusion strategy for the pediatric post-op cardiac surgery patients.

Dr. Cholette's clinical interests are: thrombosis, hemostasis, and inflammation.

Scientific Reviewer for Pediatric Clinical Research Organization (PCRO) at URMC 2009-present

Scientific Reviewer for Strong Children's Research Center Small Grant Program URMC June 2013

Journal Reviewer:
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2007-present
Thrombosis Research 2008-present
Postgraduate Medicine 2009-present

Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis (PALISI) Member
March 2010-present

Pediatric Blood Research Network (BLOOD NET) Member
September 2011-present

Prevalence of Acute critical Neurologic disease in children: a Global Epidemiological Assessment (PANGEA). November 2011-present; PI: Erika Fink; University of Pittsburgh
Site PI: Jill M. Cholette

Prophylaxis against thrombosis practice (PROTRACT) Study February 2012-present
PI: Vince Faustino MD; Yale University Site PI: Jill M. Cholette

Ongoing studies:
Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial comparing a restrictive v. liberal transfusion strategy in neonates and infants undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. Principle Investigator: Cholette JM

Impact of washed blood on outcomes in adults with acute leukemia.
Co-principle investigator: Cholette JM

Comparing Ultrasound Dilution with Fick Principle in Assessing Cardiac Output and Shunt Fraction in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease.
Co-investigator Cholette JM.

Identification and significance of biologic mediators in red cell concentrates.
Co-investigator: Cholette JM

An investigation of the adverse effects of the storage age of RBC transfusions to critically ill medical patients.
Co-investigator: Cholette JM

Awards & Honors (Local)

Therapeutics Specialty Award | Society of Critical Care Medicine | Houston, TX 2012
Research Citation Finalist | Society of Critical Care Medicine | Houston, TX 2012
Strong Children's Research Center New Investigator | URMC | Rochester, NY 2007 - 2010
Clausen-Bradford Fellowship Training Award 2005
David A. Haller Award - outstanding devotion and contribution to patient care 2000 - 2000
Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Medical Society | South Hadley, MA 1999
The Bryce Collier Prize (student whose performance demonstrates exceptional qualitites of responsibility 1999
The Benjamin Rush Prize (4th yr med student who gave unusual promise of creative scholars 1999
The Glasgow Citation (awarded by the American Medical Women's Assoc to those whose academic work is high quality 1999
American Medical Women's Association Award 1999
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society 1995
Psi Chi, The National Honor Society in Psychology 1994
Sarah Williston Scholar for academic excellence 1993
Who's Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges 1993 - 1994
Abbey Howe Turner Award excellence in biological sciences 1992

Recent Journal Articles

Showing the 5 most recent journal articles. 33 available »

2016 Sep
DeMichele JC, Vajaria N, Wang H, Sweeney DM, Powers KS, Cholette JM. "Cuffed endotracheal tubes in neonates and infants undergoing cardiac surgery are not associated with airway complications." Journal of clinical anesthesia. 2016 Sep; 33:422-7. Epub 2016 Jun 04.
2016 Apr
Seltzer L, Swartz MF, Kwon J, Burchfiel J, Cholette JM, Wang H, Sweeney D, Adams HR, Meagher C, Angona R, Guillet R, Alfieris GM. "Neurodevelopmental outcomes after neonatal cardiac surgery: Role of cortical isoelectric activity." The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 2016 Apr; 151(4):1137-42. Epub 2015 Oct 27.
Bounds RL; Kuebler J; Cholette JM; Emani S; Alfieris GM; Wittlieb-Weber CA. "Left Main Coronary Artery Atresia in an Infant with Inclusion-Cell Disease". World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2016; .
2015 Sep
Swartz MF, Simon B, Atallah-Yunes N, Cholette JM, Orie J, Gensini F, Alfieris GM. "Distal Transverse Arch to Left Carotid Artery Ratio Helps to Identify Infants With Aortic Arch Hypoplasia." The Annals of thoracic surgery. 2015 Sep; 100(3):1004-11; discussion 1011-2. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
2015 May
Eaton MP, Alfieris GM, Sweeney DM, Angona RE, Cholette JM, Venuto C, Anderson B. "Pharmacokinetics of ?-Aminocaproic Acid in Neonates Undergoing Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass." Anesthesiology. 2015 May; 122(5):1002-9.

Current Appointments

Associate Professor - Department of Pediatrics, Critical Care (SMD) - Primary


Pediatric Cardiology - American Board of Pediatrics
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - American Board of Pediatrics
Internal Medicine - American Board of Internal Medicine
Pediatrics - American Board of Pediatrics


MD | Medicine | University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry1999
BA | Neuroscience | Mount Holyoke College1995

Post-Doctoral Training & Residency

Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology at University of Rochester Medical Center01/01/2011 - 01/31/2014
Fellowship in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine at University of Rochester Medical Center08/10/2003 - 07/31/2006
Residency in Internal Medicine / Pediatrics at University of Rochester Medical Center07/01/2000 - 08/09/2003
Internship in Internal Medicine / Pediatrics at University of Rochester Medical Center07/01/1999 - 06/30/2000